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21英语教师网 > 备课资源 > 美文阅读 > 正文
[高一]All friends now
作者:21ST    来源:21世纪学生英文报·高一版第438期     日期: 2011-06-15
如何正确称呼别人还真是门学问呢

词数 355 建议阅读时间 6分钟

教案和课件见网站 测试见7版


Knowing how properly to address someone from a different culture can be a tricky affair (棘手的事情).

If it’s a young woman, should you use Miss or Ms? If you’re talking to a man, should you use a formal (正式的) Mr, or should you *jump straight in and use the person’s first name?

In the Western media, the practice of not using titles is becoming more common. For example, the New York Times, long a traditional newspaper, no longer refers to the late al-Qaida leader as Mr bin Laden. Instead, the paper simply calls him bin Laden.

Earlier this year, the Wall Street Journal dropped the use of “Mr” and “Mrs” from its sports pages. As Jason Gay wrote in the Journal, titles can be tricky in sports writing. You could end up with a sentence as clumsy (笨拙的) as the following if reporting on a Manchester United football match: Mr

Giggs passed to Mr Fletcher. Mr Fletcher found Mr Rooney on the right, Mr Rooney then scored!

Dropping titles makes the writing flow more easily. But some say that it reflects (反应) the growing informality of society as a whole.

“The use of honorifics (敬语) in journalistic writing is dated,” wrote American editor James Joyner on his blog. He went on to say that although he agrees that using titles is respectful, “it simply seems stilted (做作的) in the modern age”.

Not everyone is happy about this growing informality. American journalist Jonathan Yardley criticized the trend (趋势) in an article for the Washington Post. He wrote that the use of titles has an important role to play in society. The decision to use first names rather than titles, he said, marked a change from “acquaintanceship (泛泛之交) to friendship”.

So, what should you do when facing this tricky issue? If you’re addressing someone of the same age, then first names are fine from the beginning.

However, someone with a title, such as Doctor or Professor, should always be addressed using his or her title followed by their last name.

However, the website Manners International has very straightforward (直白的) advice on the matter: “Use first names when addressing someone only after being asked to do so.”

By Simon Stafford,

21st Century staff



Bonus

*Jump straight in 直接做某事 (Go straight ahead with something)

例如:Since time is limited, let’s jump straight in. How do you see this project?



关键词:高一 All friends now

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