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21英语教师网 > 备课资源 > 美文阅读 > 正文
[高一]Counted out
作者:21ST    来源:21世纪学生英文报·高一版第439期     日期: 2011-06-22
你会迷失在各种排行榜中吗

词数 363 建议阅读时间 6分钟

教案和课件见网站 测试见7版

Numbers and rankings are everywhere. We use standardized (标准化的) test scores to evaluate students; we carry around in our heads the number of friends we have on a social networking site.

“Numbers make intangibles (无形的) tangible,” said Jonah Lehrer, a journalist and author of How We Decide. “They give the illusion (错觉) of control.”

We often do need to find ways to evaluate people and as objectively (客观地) as possible. The trouble, though, is when we mindlessly rely on those numbers to tell us everything, said Sherry Turkle, director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Initiative on Technology and Self, numbers become not just part of the way we judge and assess (评估), but the only way.? But they aren’t always helpful. Robin Black, author of the short story collection If I Loved You, I Would Tell You This, wrote a blog post on the way different ways of measuring her book’s success have overshadowed (使……显得不重要) why she wrote it in the first place.

“Everything has a number,” she said. “How many advance copies, how many reviews, how many sales.”

All those numbers help us lose sight of why we’re really doing what we’re doing. Black, for instance, said her books were largely about loss. “I’ll get a letter from someone who says: ‘My daughter died, and reading your book really helped.’” That’s so meaningful. How do I measure that against 500 Twitter followers?” she said.

This reliance on numbers is, to some extent, about age, said Howard Gardner, a professor of cognition (认知) at Harvard Graduate School of Education.

“For almost anybody in the US under the age of 25, the only models are quantifiable (可以计量的) rankings,” he said.

So when students are researching a paper, they often look at which articles or papers online have the most hits.

The obsession (着迷) with numbers, Gardner said, means we don’t trust or even look for the intangibles that can’t be measured, like wisdom, judgment and expertise (专门知识). “We also lose a sense of ourselves as anything but a rank, and start feeling bad if our numbers don’t measure up to others,” said Gardner.

Or as Black put it: “I have to stop worrying about numbers. I have to reclaim (再利用) my own intelligence.”

The New York Times

重点讲解

核心词汇

ranking n. 名次

He has improved his ranking this season from 67th to 30th.

evaluate

vt. 评价

We need to evaluate how well the policy is working.

rely

vi. 依靠;依赖(常与on, upon连用)

Many people now rely on the Internet for news.

for instance

例如,比如

In the electronics industry, for instance, 5000 jobs are being lost.

to some extent

在某种程度上

To some extent, she was responsible for the accident.

wisdom

n. 智慧,才智

She had acquired much wisdom during her long life.

小试身手

The trouble, though, is when we mindlessly rely on those numbers to tell us everything, ...

句中though作副词,表转折,意为“虽然如此,可是”。用在句中时,前后都要有逗号;用于句末时,其前常用逗号。

活学活用

I’m certain David’s told you his business troubles. _______, it’s no secret that he owes a lot of money to the bank. (2006湖北卷)

A. However B. Anyway

C. Therefore D. Though

2. Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a lot of fun. Isn’t it rather risky, _______? (2010浙江卷)

A. though B. also

C. either D. too



关键词:高一 Counted out

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