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a. There are three reasons for this.
b. The reasons for this are as follows.
c. The reason for this is obvious.
d. The reason for this is not far to seek.
e. The reason for this is that...
例如：There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly，... Secondly，...Last but not least，...
a . I t h a s t h e f o l l o w i n g advantages.
b. It does us a lot of good.
c. It benefits us quite a lot.
d. It is beneficial to us.
e. It is of great benefit to us.
例如Books are like friends. T he y ca n ...，a nd t he y ca n... Therefore，reading extensively is of great benefit to us.
a. It has more disadvantages than advantages.
b. It does us much harm.
c. It is harmful to us.
例如：However，every coin has two sides. Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if ...
a. It is important (necessary，difficult，convenient，possible）for sb. to do sth.
b. We think it necessary to do sth.
c. It plays an important role in our life.
例如：Computers are now being used everywhere... We havegood reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life.
a. We should take some effective measures.
b. We should try our best to overcom（e conquer）the difficulties.
c. We should solve the problems that we are faced with.
例如：The housing problem is becomi ng mor e a nd more serious.Therefore，we must take some effective measures to solve it.
a. We cannot ignore the fact that...
b. No one can deny the fact that...
c. There is no denying the fact that...
d. However，that’s not the case.
例如：We cannot ignore the fact that our environment is seriously polluted.To solve these problems，we can ...
a. Compared with A，B...
b. I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
c. There is a striking contrast between them.
例如：Compared with cars，bicycles have several advantages besides being easily available.
a. It has increased（decreased）from...to...
b. The population in this city has now increased（decreased）to ...
c. The output of July in this factory increased by ... percent compared with that of January.
例如：With the improvement of the living standard，the percentage of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.
a. People have（take，adopt，assume）different attitudes towards sth.
b. People have diff erent opinions on this problem.
c. People take different views of （on）the question.
d. Some people believe that... Others argue that...
例如：People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe t ha t f ailu re leads to success. However，others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.
大量阅读可以提高阅读速度，扩大词汇量。另一方面，它还可以加强英语语感，对英语写作起着潜移默化的作用。只有当阅读量达到一定程度时，才能真正找到学英语的感觉，学生可以选择适合自己的读物，如英文报纸、杂志、科普文章、英文简写小说、散文、小品文等。在阅读时，指导学生留心复现率高的词、词组以及句型，归纳整理这些词的搭配。如在阅读中发现与impression 一起使用的动词很多，这时我们就要指导学生记下可以和它搭配的动词或短语动词，如make , leave, create等,这种积累有助于学生能在写作中的正确产出。
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