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21英语教师网 > 备课资源 > 拓展阅读 > 正文
Tomorrow's homes today
作者:21ST    来源:初中版220期    日期: 2012-03-12

人教版新课标初三年级:Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?

关键词:Getting around

话题归类:Daily routines

"智能房屋"将会是我们的梦中家园。
全版词数 730 建议阅读时间 15分钟

HUMAN beings' early homes were caves (洞穴). They protected people from animals and kept them warm. As time went on, human homes were thatched huts (茅棚), then wooden ones, then brick, concrete (混凝土), steel (钢) and glass buildings. Now in the information age, scientists can build smart houses with the help of computer systems. But how smart can a house be? Teens shows you a house based on the ideas of the world's top computer engineers.

Ken Sakamura

Ken Sakamura (坂村健) is the most famous computer architect (工程师) in Japan. He is 57 years old and works at Tokyo University. He is the father of the "Everywhere Computing" idea. Sakamura created the computer operating system to help people in their daily lives.

In 1988, Ken Sakamura started to work on the "smart house" idea, which cost of a billion (十亿) yen (日元). The house is 370 square (平方) meters, and has 380 computers.

Bill Gates

Bill Gates is one of the most famous people in the world. He is cofounder (共同创建者) of Microsoft, one of the biggest brands (品牌) in the computer industry. Nearly every computer uses Microsoft software (软件). According to Forbes (《福布斯》) magazine, Bill Gates was the richest man in the world.

In 1988, Gates bought some land for $2 million and started to build his smart home. Seven years later, a building of 4,600 square meters was completed. People say that there're about 53 miles of cable (电缆) in the house.

When the owner pushes the "rest" button before going to bed, a warning system immediately starts working. If there's an accident like a fire or an earthquake, the system sends out 'help' signals. While help is coming, the system shows the shortest and safest way out of the building.

Most of us have a schedule. We do different things on different days on the week. Say (比如) on Wednesday you do PE. The computerized wardrobe in the bedroom can help. When you get up in the morning it will have your PE kit ready for you.

Kitchen

The kitchen in the smart house has some surprises, too. The computer system knows all kinds of recipes. It can cook a spicy (辛辣的) Chinese dish or an Italian pasta (面食) dish. What if you want pizza but your mom would prefer a Sichuan dish? No worries. The computer has it under control! It can make them with the help of a preset (预设的) program. And if you want to cook it yourself, it has videos to teach you, step by step.

The refrigerator in the smart house can talk through a screen. The screen tells people what is fresh and what is on the turn in the refrigerator.

Washroom

If you want to take a bath after playing basketball, you can send a message to the system with your cellphone on the way home. The bathtub fills up to the right depth (深度), with the water just at the right temperature.

The toilet is automatic (自动的) too. The computer does everything from raising the lid (盖) to washing your hands. The system is able to give you a physical examination based on your urine (尿) and blood pressure. If the data are not OK, the system advises you to see a doctor.

Living-room

Lights come on when you go in. Speakers hidden behind the wallpaper allow music to follow you from room to room. People carry touch pads (触摸垫) around with them. These can control everything from the TVs to the temperature and the lights, which brighten or dim (变暗) to match the light outdoors.

The gate

A smart house is first of all safe. Video cams (摄像头) and monitors (监控器) at the gate read the visitor's face. If it's a new face, the door doesn't open until the owner welcomes the visitor.

Outside plants

The computer system knows how to take care of plants. It watches the grass and the flowers. When the plants need watering, the computer turns the watering system on.

The floor

The floor can feel different pressures. Family members know who is at home just by the weight of someone's footsteps.

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BONUS

学习n + prep + n构成的短语:

step by step 一步步

face to face 面对面

heart to heart 坦诚地

side by side 肩并肩

little by little 逐渐地

day after day 一天天




关键词:人教版 初三 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? Daily routines







 

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