Imperfect heroine (P4-5)
I. Warming up
Which woman is the most influential to you?
* How has she influenced you?
Which women have had the most impact on British women according to the poll did by BBC?
What do Margaret Thatcher and Beyonce have in common as influential women?
•1. They are both very successful in their field or they can be called “women of achievement”.
•2. Both of them are real people and not made-up heroines.
•Read the text again and try to work out the outline of the text.
Match the paragraphs to the descriptions below.
Answer these questions below.
•1. Why did Bridget Jones surprise people when she made the list as an influential woman?
•2. What does the word “dominated” in Para 3 mean?
•3. What makes the character Bridget Jones appeal to many women?
•4. How does the writer prove his opinion that real people are influenced by made-up characters ?
1. Why did Bridget Jones surprise people when she made the list as an influential woman?
She is a fictional character.
2. What does the word “dominated” in Para 3 mean?
have control of or power over (someone or something)
3. What makes the character Bridget Jones appeal to many women?
She’s an ordinary woman living her life from day to day. She has flaws. In fact, many see Jones when they look in the mirror.
4. How does the writer prove his opinion that real people are influenced by made-up characters ?
By analyzing how Bridget Jones has influenced many women.
IV. Language points
Match the words with their definitions.
Use the correct form of the words below to complete the sentences.
•Her speech made a great _____ on everyone.
•Almost all ________ detectives are unreal.
•He's been chosen ________ the director's next movie.
•The design has to ____to all ages and social groups.
•It's very ________ to explain how cars are made.
Impact fictional to feature in appeal complicated
Do you know any other fictional person who has had a great impact on people?
What makes them appeal to people?
Climate shapes nose (P5)
I. Warming up
Large-nosed comedian Jimmy Durante once commented, "My nose isn't big. I just happen to have a very small head."
Noses come in all lengths, widths, shapes and types. Most human noses fit into a few simple descriptive categories.
Top 6 Common Nose Shapes
How would you describe your nose?
What do you think have shaped your nose?
Read the passage quickly and think about this question.
How possible is it that climate changed the shape of our noses?
That, Zaidi said, could be because narrower nasal passages help to increase the moisture content of air and warm it, which is easier on our lungs. This, in turn, led to a gradual decrease in nose width in populations living far away from the equator.
Read the passage again and decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F)
1. Zaidi’s team was the first to study the link between nose shape and climate. ( )
2. Wider noses turn out to be better at adjusting the moisture content of air. ( )
3. Researchers discovered that people with narrower noses are more common in cold and dry places. ( )
4.The study could one day help us solve breathing problems. ( )
Read the article and answer these questions.
1.How was Zaidi’s study on nose shape among humans different from previous ones?
2. What did the researchers examine about the nose?
3. What did Zaidi's study results show?
4. According to Zaidi, what is the value of the current findings?
1. How was Zaidi’s study on nose shape among humans different from previous ones?
• Previous studies were based on measurements from human skulls - Zaidi and his team looked at nose shape itself.
•2. What did the researchers examine about the nose?
The researchers examined seven nose traits that differ across populations and geographical areas.The width of the nostrils, the distance between nostrils, the height, length and angle of the nose, and the size of the nose and the nostrils.
3. What did Zaidi's study results show?
The results showed that wider noses are more common in warm and humid climates, while narrower noses are more common in cold and dry climates.
4. According to Zaidi, what is
the value of the current findings?
The current findings are valuable
in understanding potential health issues.
Match the words with the definitions
Choose from the following words and fill in the blanks.
something sure possible risk commonly breathe why humid
Have you ever wondered ____ everyone‘s nose is a different shape? Researchers have come up with a ______ explanation for this. A study from Pennsylvania State University in the USA says the Earth’s climate could have _______ to do with the shape of our nose. The study found that people who have wider noses usually live in warmer, more ______areas. People with narrower noses are more ________ found in colder and drier climates. The nose plays an important role in making ____ the air we ______ reaches our lungs in a warm and moist condition. The width of the nostrils and length of the nose help to
make sure this happens. However, the researcher said when we go to a place with a rather different climate, the shape of our nose may increase the ____ of breathing problems.
According to China’s climate, what do you think people’s noses could look like in the future?
Do you think climate could change other parts of our body?
Playing role model (P6)
I. Warming up
Think about the following questions.
•Do you think life is easy nowadays? Why or why not?
Read the story quickly and summarize its main idea.
•It’s about how to raise kids in a world where the standards of right and wrong that held us together for centuries seem to be crumbling.
Read the article, divide it into 3 parts and summarize the main idea of each part.
Answer the following questions:
1.What is the world like today? What’s people’s attitude toward it?
2.What kind of home should you create?
3.What should you do as a role model to your kids?
4.What should you do if you hold a religious faith?
1.What is the world like today? What’s people’s attitude towards it?
•The world has become a 24/7 news cycle of shootings, robberies and all sorts of unpleasant things. The standards of right and wrong that held us together for centuries seem to be crumbling.
•People have grown numb.
•2. What kind of home should you create?
•You should create a home that is a shelter in the storm, a place where family and friends can be comfortable, where conversation, creativity, thoughts and ideas are free to flourish.
•3. What should you do as a role model to your kids?
•You teach the things you want them to know by modeling them on yourself. If you don’t want your kids to live in fear and lack confidence, then YOU can’t live in fear and lack confidence.
•4. What should you do if you hold a religious faith?
•If you claim to hold a religious faith, don’t just hold it, live it. Live those words about loving your god with all your heart and your neighbor as yourself.
IV. Language focus---sentences
Analyze the following sentence structures and pay attention to the useful expressions
•1. We’ve grown numb.
•We become numb as we grow up.
•2. So how do you raise kids in a world like this? In a world that some days feels like it is in free fall?
•raise: bring up
•in free fall: fall down without any control
•The government has taken measures, yet the economy is still in free fall.
•3. Then you create a home that is a shelter in the storm, a place where family and friends can be comfortable, where conversation, creativity, thoughts and ideas are free to flourish.
•that和两个where 都引导定语从句， that修饰先行词a home, where修饰先行词a place
•shelter：a place to live and it can protect people from danger or from wind, rain, hot sun etc.
•be/feel free to do sth
•You should feel free to call or visit me.
•4. And if you claim to hold a religious faith, don’t just hold it, live it.
•claim to do/that
•I don’t claim to be an expert.
•Some people claim that the internet is a waste of time.
•hold a religious faith hold different opinions
•5. Nothing clears the darkness like a few rays of light.
•Nothing can compare with a few rays of light in clearing the darkness.
•There’s nothing like…
•There’s nothing like an ice-cold drink on a hot day.
Find out the following expressions in the text and make sentences with them
•all sorts of
•hold sb together
•live in fear
•in the face of
•claim to do
•hold a religious faith
•with all our heart
Choose one topic and discuss with your groups
•1. Do you see your parents as your role model? Why or why not? What do you learn from them?
•2. Do you have another role model? Share him or her with us.
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