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高二教案 第684期
发布时间:2017-09-11

Different background shouldn’t mean lesser education (P4)
山东烟台二中 李欣桐
I. Lead-in
Do you think life is fair?
•Have you thought about what you and your classmates/friends will be doing in ten years?
II. Understanding
Read the article quickly and find the answers to the following questions.
1. Explain the meaning of 11-plus, grammar school, secondary modern school and comprehensive school.
11-plus: an examination which would decide the rest of students' lives.
grammar school: schools established hundreds of years ago to teach the Latin language to children who were not from rich families. They encourage students to study until they are 18 and then to go to university.
secondary modern school:  
Students had fewer _________ (资格) in these schools. They had fewer _______  (资源) and the quality of teaching was not as good as in grammar schools.
comprehensive (综合的) school: 
a school which the students in the same area can go to without taking any _____________  (入学考试). 
2. What is the disagreement on the best way to educate children?
•Many people say that comprehensive schools help more children to ____  (success) because they provide everybody ____ similar opportunities, in a fairer way. 
•Another view, _________, is that more intelligent children, especially those from poorer homes, are better supported at grammar schools. 
3. What is the government’s plan?
Now, the government plans to open new grammar schools so that almost two million children will go to the same type of school that Paul attended.
4. What changes happened to Paul and Baz years later?
____  (age) 60, they met again and compared ____ had happened to them. After university, Paul ______ (qualify) as a teacher. Baz went to work in a factory at 16 and later became an engineer. In fact, Baz had a much higher salary than Paul.
So perhaps life is fair after all.
All roads lead to Rome.
We will reach the same goal by different means.
III. Sentence analysis
Analyze the following sentences and pay attention to the words in bold/red.
1. Two boys aged 11 took an examination called the 11-plus, which would make decisions about the rest of their lives.
•aged, called 过去分词做后置定语
•take an examination 参加考试 which 引导非限制性定语从句
两个十一岁的男孩参加了一个叫11+,将会决定他们余生的考试。
2. Many grammar schools were established hundreds of years ago to teach the Latin language to children who were not from rich families. 
•establish  v.建立= found = launch
•to teach 去教(表目的) 
•who 引导定语从句
许多的文法中学在好几百年前被建造好教授那些不是来自有钱人家里的孩子拉丁文。
3. Today, 90 percent of children aged 11 to 16 from the same area go to the same school without taking any entry examination.
•aged 过去分词做后置定语 
•without doing  没有做某事,伴随状语
如今,百分之九十从11到16岁的同地区的孩子不需要参加入学考试就可以去同样的学校。
Make up appropriate sentences by using the words in brackets. 
•这个资源的质量是值信赖的。(qualification;resource) 
•毕竟这个入学考试内容是综合的,你要好好准备。(after all; entry examination;comprehensive)
IV. Discussion
What is your point of view on the school system and its effects on the lives of students?
V. Writing
你叫李华,在课堂上学习到了教育对于人生影响巨大。由此,你想到了要和大家分享一个对人生影响巨大的故事,以及这个故事对你的启示。(不少于100词)
You are Lihua. Inspired by the passage learned in class, you think of an impressive experience which affects you a lot. Share with us your story and your opinion (no less than 100 words).
 
Left-handed creativity (P6)
山东烟台二中 李欣桐
I. Lead-in
What do they have in common?
II. Extensive Reading
Are lefties more creative thinkers than right-handers?
III. Intensive Reading
Judge whether the statements are T or F.   Para.1
1. From myths to modern research, the label attached to being left-handed is deniable .
2. Left-handed people, or “lefties” as they are often called, are generally believed to be good at art.
Answer the question.   Para.2
What exactly makes someone left-handed or right-handed?
Our brain is divided into two parts: the left _______, and the right hemisphere. The left hemisphere, linked to ____ and  ______, is responsible for the right side of the body. The right hemisphere, linked to ________and ________, _____ the left side of the body. 
This means lefties are controlled by the right side, and __________ more creative thinkers than right-handers. But studies have also ________that lefties aren’t as good as demonstrating (展示) mathematical and problem-solving skills as their right-handed counterparts (同仁). 
Answer the question.   Para.4-7
How did the recent study carried out by scientists from the UK and Italy prove the former theory wrong?
The procedure→The result 
The procedure: 
The study, published on academic website The Conversation, involved more than 2,300 students in Italy aged between 6 and 17 years old. They were asked to complete several mathematical tasks of different skill levels.
The result: 
It turned out the left-handers outperformed the others when the tasks involved difficult problem-solving. This pattern was particularly clear in male adolescents.
However, when it came to simple arithmetic (算数), there was no difference between left- and right-handers.
It was also discovered that those who are “severely” right-handed performed less well in all the experiments compared to “moderate (中度的)” right-handers and left-handers.
“Taken together, these findings show that handedness... does influence to some extent,” the study’s authors wrote.
Blank-filling.   Para.8
_________, “handedness is just an indirect expression of brain _____ (功能),” wrote Giovanni Sala, lead author of the study. Sala also _____ that only one third of people with a highly-developed right side of the brain are left-handed. It means that there are lots of right-handed people with a similar brain function as left-handers.
So if you’re a leftie, you might be on your way to becoming a genius, or even the president.
IV. Post-reading
Summarize the language points in the passage and exchange yours with your peers.
 

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