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高一教案 第687期
发布时间:2017-10-09

People can learn from their pet friends (P4-5)
河北省邯郸市第一中学  王永仙
 
I. Lead-in   
vDo you like cats? 
vIf you do, why? 
vIf not, why?
vHow do cat lovers treat cats? What do you think their relationship is like? 
 
II. Skimming
Read the article quickly and answer the question.
What is the main idea of the article?
The article explains the popularity of cats around the world and explores the reasons behind it. 
 
III. Scanning
Read the article carefully and answer the following questions.
1. How can you tell that Japanese people love cats?
Japan is the birthplace of Hello Kitty and the beckoning cat (招财猫). In 2015, the cat industry in Japan made more money than top Japanese girl group AKB48. 
2. Why does the author say that cats have become a worldwide addiction? 
Many people around the world are making a living from publishing cat videos on social media. And internet users in China have invented their own phrases to describe their love for cats.  
3. What opinion do some Western people have towards living with cats?
Some people think those who live with lots of cats may be strange and unattractive. 
4. Why do some young people prefer “selfish” cats over “loyal” dogs?
This may be down to how they identify with them – modern young people see the independent attitude of cats as something they value more. 
 
IV. Language study
Translate the sentences. Pay attention to the sentence structures.
1.It’s no secret how much Japanese people love cats – Japan is the birthplace of Hello Kitty and the beckoning cat (招财猫), after all. 
IT是形式主语,how much Japanese people   
love cats 是真正的主语。 
It’s no secret : 大家都知道。
句意为:大家都知道日本人是如何爱猫---毕竟,日本是Hello Kitty和招财猫的诞生地。
 
2. It’s not hard to understand though, given the fact that cats have become a worldwide addiction (嗜好). 
though 引导让步状语从句,位置灵活,可以放在句首,也可以放在句中。
given为独立成分作状语,意为“鉴于,考虑到”。
the fact that,that引导同位语从句。 
句意为:然而鉴于猫已经成为全世界流行的宠物,上面的情况就不难理解了。
 
3. But ironically (讽刺的是), the current fever for cats in Japan reflects the growing trend (趋势) of young people living alone, whose wish is to stay single, instead of “being leftover”, as they put it. 
fever 意为狂热。 
whose引导的是非限定性定语从句。
as引导的是非限定性定语从句。
句意为:讽刺的是,当前日本对猫的狂热反映了年轻人日益增长的独居趋势,正如他们所说:是他们愿意单身,而不是被剩下。
 
4. But why do these young people prefer selfish cats over loyal dogs? This may be down to how they identify with them – modern young people see the independent attitude of cats as something they value more. 
be down to 意为“由于,是……的原因”。
identify with 意为认同,认可。
句意为:但是为什么这些人喜欢自私的猫而不是忠诚的狗呢?这是由于猫得到了他们的认可:现代年轻人更看重猫的独立精神。 
 
5. Perhaps this is why people sometimes say that it’s more like our cats own us than the other way around. 
the other way around 意为“反过来,倒过来” 。 
句意为:可能这就是为什么有人说是猫拥有我们而不是我们拥有猫了。 
 
V. Learn to use
Translate the sentences with a proper word, phrase or sentence structure in the article.
1. 众所周知,全球变暖对于动物和植物的生活产生了重大影响。
 It’s no secret that global warming has a huge impact on the life of plants and animals.  
2. 考虑到我们邀请的数量,我很惊讶这么少的人来。 
Given the number of people we invited, I’m surprised so few came. 
3.按他的话说,他承认安全部队可能犯了一些错误。
He admitted the security forces might have “made some mistakes”, as he put it. 
4. 她声称她的问题是媒体造成的。 
She claimed her problems were down to the media.
5. 反过来也一样。 
It’s the same the other way round. 
 
 
Ok to fly with phone (P6)
河北省邯郸市第一中学  余云娟
 
I. Lead-in   
Have you ever traveled by plane?
Are you allowed to use your phone while taking a flight?
 
II. Skimming
Read the passage quickly and answer the question.
Why didn’t Chinese airlines allow smart phones to be powered on during flights, even in flight mode?
    The reason behind this is something called electromagnetic interference (电磁干扰). This is when electrical signals mess with other electronic equipment, causing them to react (反应) in unusual ways.
And according to a study by plane manufacturer Boeing in 2014 published by CNN, electromagnetic interference can sometimes cause flight equipment to react, too.
(electromagnetic interference [ɪ,lɛktromæɡ'nɛtɪk] [,ɪntɚ'fɪrəns])
 
III. Scanning
Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions.
1. What did Kenny measure and find in the study?
Key: He measured the radio signals sent out by a laptop’s Wi-Fi radio and found that some of the signals from the laptop actually jumped over the limit.
2. What does the finding mean?
Key: It means there’s a potential that this piece of equipment could interfere with [plane instruments].
3. Why is this issue worse with mobile phones?
Key: Because mobile phones constantly send and receive strong signals while they search for a connection to the network. Even in flight mode, many phones still do this.
4. Why are airlines now allowed to lift the ban if they wish?
Key: Despite the potential, there were just 29 cases of electromagnetic interference caused by mobile phones reported worldwide between 2003 and 2009, according to CNN.
Besides, the instruments in modern planes are protected from electromagnetic interference by metal “shields (护罩)”.
 
IV. Language study
Translate the sentences. Pay attention to the sentence structures.
1. For those of us who love to read e-books or listen to music on our phone to pass the time, however, taking a flight in China can be a boring experience. 
 who引导定语从句, 修饰先行词those of us
 taking a flight in China在这里作句子的主语
 pass the time表示打发时间,消磨时间
句意为:然而, 对于我们这些喜欢用手机阅读电子书或听音乐打发时间的人来说, 在中国乘坐飞机可能会是一次无聊的经历。
2. Many Chinese airlines are now expected to allow passengers to use their smartphones freely, meaning that we can finally catch up on our favorite books and songs while at 30,000 feet in the air.
be expected to do表示应该会,有望会
meaning…在这里作结果状语
catch up on表示补做(未做的事);补上
句意为:许多中国航空公司现在都可以让乘客自由使用智能手机,这意味着我们终于可以在3万英尺高空上补上我们喜爱的书籍和歌曲了。
 
V. Learn to use
Fill in the blanks with proper words.
1. This is ________ Chinese airlines didn’t allow smart phones to be powered on during flights, even in flight mode (模式). _______, since Oct 1, airlines are now allowed to lift the ban if they wish.
Key: because;However 
3. During the study, Kenny Kirchoff, a Boeing engineer, measured the radio signals _____ (send) out by a laptop’s Wi-Fi radio. 
Key: sent
4. Despite this, there were just 29 cases of electromagnetic interference _____(cause) by mobile phones ________(report) worldwide between 2003 and 2009, according to CNN.
Key: caused; reported
5. This is when electrical signals mess with other electronic equipment, ______(cause) them to react in unusual ways.
Key: causing
6. Many Chinese airlines are now expected to allow passengers to use their smartphones freely, _______(mean) that we can finally catch up on our favorite books and songs while at 30,000 feet in the air.
Key: meaning
 
VI. Discussion
Do you think it’s actually safe to fly with your phone?
 

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