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高三教案 第638期
发布时间:2017-12-18

Color of the year sends message of strength (P1)
 
邯郸市第一中学  许蕾蕾
I. Pre-reading
What is your favorite color? Why is it your favorite?

II. Skimming  
What is 2018’s ‘Color of the Year’ by the Pantone Color Institute (潘通色卡颜色研究所)?
Ultra Violet.

III. Scanning
Read the text carefully and answer the following questions.
1. Why does the author mention US music icon Prince in Paragraph 2?
To show that purple is popular among many creative geniuses.

2. Which women’s right movements took place this year?
In September, women in Saudi Arabia were finally given the right to drive, which is something they used to be sent to jail for doing. In October, women all around the world started sharing their experiences of being sexually assaulted by powerful men after keeping quiet about these experiences for a long time.

 

 


The roots of TIME’s annual franchise -- singling out the person or persons who most influenced the events of the year -- lie in the so-called “great man theory” of history, a phrasing that sounds particularly anachronistic at this moment. But the idea that influential, inspirational individuals shape the world could not be more apt this year. 《时代》周刊每年选出最具影响力的个人或团体,归根结底是想传达所谓的“英雄造时势”理论。这一表述现在听起来特别不合时宜。但是今年,有影响力和感召力的个体能够改变世界的理念真是再恰当不过了。

3. What does the Pantone “Color of the Year” mean, according to Pressman?
He thinks the Pantone “Color of the Year” has come to mean so much more than “what’s trending” in the world of design; it’s truly a reflection of what’s needed in our world today.

4. How is the color purple related to creating and balancing?
Because it comes from the mixing of two opposite colors – passionate red and calm blue. Just as Leatrice Eiseman, executive director of the Pantone Color Institute, put it, [ultra violet] brings hope and an uplifting message. It communicates originality and visionary thinking that points us toward the future.

5. What do the following people think about the color purple?
 

IV. Language study
1. The most famous of those is the late US music icon Prince, who is well known for his hit Purple Rain, and his custom-made purple piano, which had been scheduled to go on a concert tour with the musician before he passed away last year.
• late adj.已故的; hit n. 成功,红极一时的人物或事物;
• custom-made  adj. 定制的;Pass away 去世
• Schedule vt. 将……列入计划(或时间)表
• Which 引导非限定性定语从句,修饰先行词 his custom-made purple piano
句意为:他们中最有名的是已故美国音乐偶像Prince,他因其热门单曲《Purple Rain》和定制紫色钢琴而闻名,这台钢琴是为他去年去世之前的巡回演唱会而定制的。

2. But it wasn’t until Ultra Violet – a special shade of purple – was named 2018’s Color of the Year by the Pantone Color Institute that we started to realize that purple could also be “an empowering color”, ...
• 句中it wasn’t until … that …是not until结构在强调句型中的运用,其基本句型为:it is/ was + not until ... + that + 其它成分。
句意为:但是,直到紫外光色——一种特别的紫色——被潘通色彩研究所评为2018年度流行色,我们才开始意识到紫色也是一种能赋予人们力量的颜色。


3. It communicates originality and visionary thinking that points us toward the future.
• communicate  vt. 传达,表达  If you communicate information, a feeling, or an idea to someone, you let them know about it.
• originality n. 独创性;original adj.
• visionary  adj. 有远见的
• that 引导定从句,修饰visionary thinking
• 句意为:它传递了独创性和指引我们面向未来的前瞻性思维 。

V. Post reading
Discussion:
Do you believe that one’s color preference has something to do with his or her character?
If so, how do you think they are related?


Wasting food is still big problem (P2)

I. Pre-reading
Do you usually eat all of your meals? If not, what are the reasons?
Why is it important not to waste food?

II. Skimming
Read the article and answer the following questions.
1. What is the article mainly about?
It’s about different countries’ food waste problems.

2. Why shouldn’t we take food for granted and waste it according to the text?
Because not everyone is as lucky as we are when it comes to dinner time. According to a report released by the United Nations in September, there were 815 million undernourished people in the world in 2016, more than one in every 10 on Earth. Yet, 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted annually around the world, which is about one-third of all food produced each year.

3. Which countries perform well when it comes to food sustainability, according to a survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit?
According to the survey, France topped the list of food sustainability, followed by Japan and Germany.

III. Scanning
Read the article again and fill in the blanks below. (No more than 3 words for each blank)
UN’s survey about food waste 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted annually around the world, which is about one-third of all food produced each year.
A survey of 34 nations based on their food system sustainability ◆France topped the list of food sustainability, followed by Japan and Germany.◆The United Arab Emirates wastes the most food, with each of its citizens wasting about 1,000 kilograms every year on average.◆China ranked 23rd in the survey.
Policies to tackle food waste France First country to pass laws to ban food waste;It’s illegal for supermarkets to throw away unsold food;French restaurants must provide doggy bags for people’s leftovers.
 Germany It is trying to reform expiration dates.
 China Clean Your Plate Campaign was launched in 2013 to urge people not to waste anything on their plate.
Joyce Chan’s advice ◆Consumers should be more conscious of the amount of food waste they generate.◆Everyone should play a role in minimizing their personal food waste.

IV. Post reading
Can you think of some ways to reduce the amount of food wasted in schools and families?

V. Writing
Writing task:
最近越来越多的民众开始反思“舌尖上的浪费”,曾经司空见惯的中国式“剩宴”开始引起网民的关注。为了更有效地反对浪费,不少网民在网络上发起以吃光盘子里的东西为主题的“光盘行动”。请你结合生活中的经历用英文写一篇150词左右的文章,谈谈你的看法。

One possible version:
Recently, nongovernmental organizations and activists around China initiated the “Clean Your Plate Campaign”. The campaign, launched online, was soon adopted by people across China in a bid to reduce food waste. 
Chinese people are well known for being hospitable and generous. Many even feel that they lose face if guests finish all their food. However, this idea only leads to huge food waste.
Luckily, the campaign has the support of many. Some restaurant owners give stickers to guests who finish what they ordered. When they have 10 stickers, they get a free meal. Other restaurants are now serving smaller dishes and encouraging guests to take leftovers home.
As students, we can also contribute. This semester, 12 of us started a club opposing food waste. We made posters and went to many restaurants to spread our message about saving food.
In my opinion, reducing food waste is a big task, so it’s important that everyone does their part.

 

 


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