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初一教案 第622期
发布时间:2018-06-04

 

第43/622期初一教案
By Tang Hongmei
 
A ‘dog day’ at school (P3)
 
I. Pre-reading
Do you have any pets in your family?
Are there any animals at your school?
Would animals be welcomed at your school?
   
II. While Reading
Choose the answer:
1. What did the author think of the cat that visited their classroom?
A. It was cute.
B. It was weird.
C. It was dirty.
D. It was scary.
 
2. What do we know from Paragraph 2?
A. The author likes cats better than dogs.
B. The author learned how to train dogs.
C. The students were allowed to choose their favorite dogs.
D. The students took turns playing with the dogs.
 
3. Alice is good at _____.
A. swimming
B. fetching things
C. jumping into the air
D. talking with people
 
4. The story is mainly about _____.
A. the daily habits of dogs
B. the author’s pet dog
C. homeless animals
D. dogs visiting the author’s school
 
III. Words in use
根据提示完成下列句子:
1. We ________(轮流) cleaning our classroom.
2. The little boy can’t run  _________ (和……一样快 ) his brother.
3. __________  (令我吃惊的是), no one wanted to take a break.
4. She enjoys ________(和……玩) her friends.
 
IV. Post-reading
It’s said that dogs are man’s best friend.
Do you agree? Please tell us why or why not.
 
 
 
What is the ‘food finger’? (P5)
 
I. Pre-reading
What is the Chinese meaning of “forefinger”?
There are several Chinese idioms about fingers, such as “ranzhiyuding”, “yizhicehe”, and “shizhidadong”.
Do you know the stories behind them?
 
II. While reading
Choose the answer:
1. Forefingers were used to _____ in ancient China.
A. eat food
B. taste food
C. drink soup
D. draw pictures
 
2. Why did people choose the forefinger to do this?
A. Because it is the cleanest finger.
B. Because it is the longest finger.
C. Because it is flexible and easy to use.
D. Because it is used a lot in Chinese idioms.
 
3. When might we use the idiom shizhidadong these days?
A. Before we taste soup.
B. Before we eat some delicious food.
C. After we taste food.
D. After we finish eating a fancy meal.
 
4. What do we know from the story?
A. Forefingers are the most important fingers.
B. Gongzi Song invented the idiom shizhi dadong.
C. There is a story behind the idiom shizhi dadong.
D. Forefingers are not good for tasting food.
 
III. Words in use
请用所给词的正确形式填空:
Fill in the blanks with the proper form:
1. He became one of the best ______(know) writers of his day.
2. This task is much _____ (easy) than the last one.  
3. We need to call a man ______(name) Tony Smith.
4. What are you so ______(exciting) about?
 
IV. Post-reading
There are many interesting Chinese idioms that come from ancient stories, such as “shizhidadong”.
Would you like to share one of these stories with us?
 
 
 
White fur animals may be in danger (P6)
 
I. Pre-reading
Global warming is the gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and its oceans.
How does it affect our lives?
 
II. While reading Fill in the following blanks (One word for each blank):
1. Why do some animals in the Arctic have white fur?
Because the Arctic is a cold and ______ place, and white fur helps these animals easily ______ in their living place. Their ______ can’t find them easily.
 
2. Why is the animals’ white fur becoming less useful?
Because of ______ ______, winter days are becoming fewer and fewer. With less ______, enemies can easily see white-fur animals.
 
3. What are white-coated weasels like?
They live in a ______ in Poland. They have ______ fur in summer and white fur in winter.
 
4. What did scientists find out about white-coated weasels?
Between 1997 and 2007, the number of snowy days dropped by ______ percent, while the animals’ population fell by ______ percent.
 
5. What will happen to the weasels, according to Karol Zub?
The weasels will have brown fur ______, or change their fur ______ than usual.
 
 
III. Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1.今年的气候和往年的不一样。
   The weather this year is not ________ that of past years.
2. 因为战争他们不得不离开了家乡。
   They had to leave their hometown_______ the war.  
3. 杯子里一点水也没剩。
    There is _______ water  ____ in the glass.  
 
IV. Post-reading
Global warming is caused by gas emissions. Industrial and agricultural processes, as well as other human activity, cause these emissions.
What should we do to stop global warming?
 
 
 
参考答案及解析
【P3】
II. 1. A。根据第一段When I was studying in China, a cat often came into our classroom. It was really cute and all of us liked it.可知,作者认为进入教室的猫really cute,所以正确答案是A。
2. D。根据文中第二段可知,上周有十只狗来到学校,学生分了十组,每组一只狗,大家轮流和它玩,未提及狗与猫的对比、对狗的训练以及狗的来源,所以正确答案是D。
3. B。根据文中第三段Our dog was named Alice. She was good at playing fetch可知,Alice擅长的是取物,所以正确答案是B。
4. D。根据文意可知,通篇讲述的是狗来到学校与学生玩耍的情况,所以正确答案是D。
III. 1. take turns   2. as fast as   3. To my surprise  4. playing with
 
【P5】
II. 1. B。根据第二段At the time, people often used their forefingers to taste food可知,我们常常用食指蘸食物来尝食物的味道,所以正确答案是B。
2. C。根据文中But why did people choose the forefinger to do this? Perhaps because it is more flexible and easier to use than other fingers.可知,人们选用食指是因为食指更灵活、用起来比其它指头更容易,所以正确答案是C。
3. B。根据文中最后一句These days, we use this idiom to show how excited we get when we see tasty food coming our way可知,食指大动是用来表达当我们见到美味食物时激动的心情,所以正确答案是B。
4. C。根据文中可知,主要介绍的是食指之称的来历以及食指大动这个成语背后的故事,所以正确答案是C。
III. 1. known   2. easier  3. named  4. excited
 
 
【P6】
1. snowy; hide; enemies
   根据文章第一段可知,北极是个寒冷多雪的地方,动物白色的皮毛帮助御寒的同时也是动物们躲避敌人追捕的保护色。
2. global warming; snow
   根据第二段可知,由于全球变暖,北极的冬天来得迟去的早,冬季变短雪量变少,白色毛皮的动物会很容易被敌人发现。
3. forest; brown
根据文中第三段These animals live in a forest in Poland. They have brown fur in summer that turns white in winter.可知,它们生活在森林中,夏季为棕褐色,冬日为白色。
4. 50; 20
根据文中第三段between 1997 and 2007, the number of snowy days in the weasels’ environment dropped from 80 days to 40 days.The number of white-coated weasels fell by 20 percent …可知,有雪的天数由80天降到40天,下降了50%,而该动物的数量下降了20%。
5. year-round; later
根据文中最后段In the future, the weasels might just have brown fur year-round, or change their fur later than usual, Karol Zub told The Telegraph可知,Karol Zub认为在未来weasels 可能全年都会是棕褐色的或者褪换皮毛颜色的时间将会延迟。
III. 1. the same as   2. because of  3. no more, left
 

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