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初三教案 第594期
发布时间:2019-05-13

 

初三 18-19学年第39期总第594期
Cleaning up the mountainside (PI)
Pre-reading
1. Have you ever climbed a mountain? Do you like this activity?
2. Did you litter or see others litter while climbing?
 
 
While reading
1. Why did China start to limit the number of climbers on Mount Qomolangma?
A. To avoid unnecessary deaths.
B. To reduce the amount of trash on the mountain.
C. To allow local residents to clean the mountain.
D. To make room for special training groups.
 
2. How much trash was collected from the mountain last year?
A. Over 140 tons.    
B. 300 tons.
C. About 8.4 tons.    
D. 4 million tons.
 
3. What is the main idea of Paragraph 5?
A. What the local government is doing to protect the mountain.
B. How the trash on the mountain will be dealt with.
C. What people should do to protect the mountain.
D. Why the local government is paying so much attention to trash.
 
4. What do we know from the story?
A. Climbers will not be allowed to climb up the north side of the mountain in summer.
B. Many people died while cleaning the mountain.
C. Trash on the mountain is mainly found at a height of 5,200 meters.  
D. President Xi Jinping asked people to clean up the mountain in 2015.
 
 
Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
1. It _______ (减少) the risk of heart disease.
2. Students ________ (建立) a new group to help protect the environment.
3. The UN ______ (呼吁) both sides to stop their violence and agree to peace talks.
 
 
Post-reading
Everyone should do their part to protect our environment and keep our planet healthy. What do you do?
 
 
Do rich people have it better than us? (PIII)
Pre-reading
1. Do you dream of going to a famous university? Which one would you like to go to?
2. How can you make your dream come true?
 
 
While reading
1. What do we know about William Singer?
A. He was the first person to bribe college officials in the US.
B. He was responsible for the recent college admissions scandal.
C. He believes everybody has an equal right to go to college.
D. He made donations to get his daughter into a top university.
 
2. What can we infer from what Richard Reeves said?
A. Many famous people get into colleges through bribery.
B. Rich people don’t care about the challenges the poor face.
C. Students from wealthy families are more likely to be admitted to top colleges.
D. Using bribery to get into college is common worldwide.
 
3. The purpose of Paragraph 9 is to _____.
A. call on the poor to fight for their right to go to college
B. describe a possible solution to the admissions problem
C. list new laws that have been made to punish bribe-takers
D. call on more people to pay attention to the scandal
 
4. What can we infer from the story?
A. People who took part in the admissions scandal will go to jail.
B. Wealthy parents will not be allowed to make donations to colleges.
C. Universities in the US will accept fewer students from wealthy families.
D. Universities in the US may be more careful with their admissions processes.
 
 
Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
 
1. Students can apply for a_________ to a particular college before graduation.
2. People of all social standings should be given equal o__________ for education.
3. Food d________ for earthquake-stricken areas have poured in from all over the country.
 
 
Post-reading
• What do you think about the college admissions scandal in the US?
• Do you think taxing donors will be an effective way to deal with corruption in college admission programs?
 
 
 
Learn more about May 4 (PIV)
Pre-reading
What do you know about the May Fourth Movement of 1919?
 
 
While reading
1. What do we know about the May Fourth Movement?
A. It was China’s first protest movement.
B. It was a movement to fight for students’ rights.
C. It took place before World War I.
D. It called for changes in a variety of areas.
 
2. According to Chen Yuhao, Chinese youth today _____.
A. think in a more diverse way
B. should study history more carefully
C. combine their personal ideals with the Chinese Dream
D. value the spirit of the May Fourth Movement
 
3. What does the word “underline” in Paragraph 6 mean?
A. 划线          B. 强调           C. 展示           D. 意识到
 
4. What is the main idea of the story?
A. How the anniversary of the May Fourth Movement was celebrated.
B. How the May Fourth Movement was organized and developed.
C. What the May Fourth Movement was and why it is important.
D. What students did to carry forward the spirit of the May Fourth Movement.
 
 
Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 自己的权利绝不移交于人。
 Never _____ your rights ____ to another person.
2. 如果他能把自己的才能和勤奋结合起来,必定会很有成就。
 If he can ________ his abilities ____ hard work, he should be very successful.
3. 我们要发扬成绩,纠正错误。
We must __________our achievements and correct our mistakes.
 
Post-reading
• Did you do anything to celebrate the May Fourth Movement? How did you feel about it?
• What can you do to carry the movement’s spirit forward?
 
 
 
 
答案与解析:
PI
1. B。从文中第二段第二句To reduce trash, China started to limit the number of people who are allowed to climb up the north side of the mountain in 2019.可以得知为了减少垃圾,中国在2019年开始限制攀登珠峰北侧的人数。故答案选B。
 
2. C。 由文章第三段第二句Last year, they collected about 8.4 tons of trash可以得知去年当地的居民清理了大约8.4吨的垃圾。故答案为C 。
 
3. B。从文章第五段前两句The local government is also setting up stations to sort, recycle and break down garbage collected from the mountain. A group of artists will also try to turn the trash into artwork.可以得知当地政府建立垃圾分拣站,对从山上收集来的垃圾进行分类、回收、分解。一群艺术家还尝试把垃圾变成艺术品。故答案为B。
 
4. A。从文章的第二段最后一句Only 300 people will be allowed to climb it, and only during spring可以得知登山者只能在春季攀登珠峰,而且限定人数为300人。故答案为A。 
 
 
Word in use
1. reduces 2. set up   3. calls on
 
 
PIII
1. B。 从文章第三段 it was announced that a man named William Singer had accepted over $25 million (169 million yuan) to make fake test scores. He also used some of this money to bribe college officials.
可以得知William Singer接受了2500万美元的贿赂来伪造考试成绩,并且他还用一些钱来贿赂大学官员。因此他对最近的高校招生丑闻负有责任。故答案为B。
 
2. C。从文章第八段If the parents of an applicant have made donations to the college, they will receive preferential treatment。可以得知如果申请学生的父母向学校捐款,将获得优惠待遇,所以来自富裕家庭的学生更有可能被名牌大学录取。故答案为C。
 
3. B。从文章第九段US Senator Ron Wyden is supporting a tax for people who make big donations to universities if their child is attending or applying to college.可以得知美国参议员Ron Wyden支持对那些在孩子上大学或申请上大学时向大学捐款的人征税。提出了一种解决高校录取问题的方案。故答案为B。
 
4. D。 可以从文章内容推断美国高校招生丑闻事件会促使美国大学在招生过程中可能会更加谨慎。故答案为D。
 
 
Word in use
1. admission   2. opportunities   3. donations
 
 
PIV
1. D。文中第三段The movement called upon people to fight for independence and pushed for more diverse thinking.可以得知五四运动呼吁人们为民族独立而战,推动革新思想。故答案为D。
 
2. D。从文章中最后一段the spirit of patriotism, progress, democracy and science are still core values of Chinese youth and should be upheld and carried forward in the new era.可以得知五四精神所体现的爱国主义、进步、民主和科学的思想仍然是青年的的核心价值观,要继续传承并发扬下去。故答案为D。
 
3. B。文章第六段首句即表明了五四精神的重要性,而下一段又提到了Xi’s call for greater study, 因而第二句 Xi underlined the need to strengthen studies of the May Fourth Movement. 习主席是在强调有必要加强对五四运动的研究学习。故答案为B。
 
4. C。这篇文章主要讲述了五四运动的历史以及它的重要性。故答案为C。
 
Word in use
1. turn, over   2. combine, with 3. carry forward
 
 
 
 
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