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高三教案 第455期
发布时间:2012-04-09

 

Heart of the USA (P3)
Choose the best answer:
1. When the author first came to America, ____.
A. he found his host family liked food from other countries
B. he didn’t agree that America was a melting pot or a salad bowl
C. he was disappointed to find there was no typical American food
D. he thought American culture was a mixture of cultures with a very American core
 
2. Why did the author say he had been completely mistaken?
A. American culture actually has many layers.
B. American culture actually has no guiding principles.
C. American culture actually has a central part that is not so obvious.
D. American culture is not actually a mixture of cultures from all over the world.
 
3. What are typically American things, according to the article?
a. love of famous brands
b. the ability to work hard
c. a feeling that the future is bright
d. relaxing with their family in front of the TV
A. bcd            B. acd                  C. abc            D. abcd
 
4. What is the main idea of the article?
A. America as the salad bowl.
B. The core of American culture.
C. Several typical American cultures.
D. How American culture influenced the author.
 
Country caked in class (P4)
Choose the best answer:
1. What is the point of the text?
A. To explain the popularity of pasties in the UK.
B. To analyze the effects of the class obsession in the UK.
C. To inform us that a tax on hot snacks is a sign of class tension in the UK.
D. To explain why the UK government has decided to place a tax on pasties.
 
2. What can we infer from the second paragraph?
A. Taxes on prepared hot food are supported by rich people in the UK.
B. The new tax on hot food has caused big dissatisfaction among working-class people in the UK.
C. VAT on hot food is intended to help people develop healthier eating habits.
D. The Tories decided to tax pasties because the food is popular among the majority of Britons. 
 
3. By mentioning that Cameron claimed he recently bought a pasty himself, the author intends to _____.
A. show Cameron’s new-found love for pasties
B. reveal that Cameron is not trustworthy
C. display the competition between Cameron and other politicians
D. show how Cameron is not in touch with common people
 
4. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?
A. “Toilet” is used more often than “lavatory” by upper-class people in the UK. 
B. As well as hot food, a VAT was also placed on cold salad and sushi in the UK.
C. The way people speak in the UK depends on their social background.
D. Politicians rushed to eat pasties in the hope of solving the working-class conflict.
 
Clever bear combs hair (P5)
Choose the best answer:
1. What did Volker Deecke find out about the grizzly bear?
A. It is the fifth smartest species in the world.
B. It can spot, select and use tools against enemies.
C. It is the only non-primate that has been seen to spot, select and use a “comb” .
D. It has the largest brain among all carnivores.
 
2. How do elephants protect themselves from insects, according to the article?
A. By throwing rocks at them to scare them away.
B. By using tree branches to drive them away.
C. By wrapping sponges around their noses.
D. By breathing out bubbles to kill them.
 
3. Why did the grizzly bear throw away the first stone it picked up according to Deecke?
A. Because it wanted to play with the stone.
B. Because it was not covered with shellfish.
C. Because the bear wasn’t satisfied with the stone.
D. Because it had nothing like the teeth of a comb.
 
4. What can we conclude from the article?
A. The grizzly bear is smarter than other types of bear.
B. Deecke discovered the grizzly bear’s tool-using ability after weeks of close observation.
C. So far a total of six species have been discovered to use tools besides humans and monkeys.
D. It still remains to be seen whether all grizzly bears can select a stone in the same way.
 
Jobs for boys? (P6)
Choose the best answer:
1. What is the “issue” mentioned in Paragraph 3?
A. The author didn’t want to be the only girl in the group.
B. The author wasn’t satisfied with the passive roles she had to play.
C. The author hoped she could design different people’s roles in the games.
D. The author preferred to be her real self in games instead of made-up roles.
 
2. What kind of leader was Pace, according to the article?
A. He was not a good leader of the group.
B. He was unconcerned about the needs of other group members.
C. He seldom listened to members’ suggestions and liked to give orders.
D. He was able to adapt what he did according to the needs of the group members.
 
3. Which of the following was TRUE of the author’s mission?
A. The girls helped her accomplish the mission.
B. The other boys gave her the help she needed.
C. She completed her mission at the price of her skirt.
D. She and Jake almost failed because their path was blocked by the girls.
 
4. What happened after the mission?
A. Jake told the author that it had been embarrassing.
B. The author felt so proud of herself that she burst into tears.
C. The boys agreed that the author could do things as well as the boys could.
D. Jake often embarrassed the author by joking about the situation in later years.
 
Answers:
Heart of the USA (P3)
1. A。第二段可知,作者在美国的寄宿家庭经常吃别的国家的食物,A正确。由前三段可知,作者听说了“美国是一个大熔炉”的说法,觉得美国并没有一个典型核心,B、D不对。C的disappointed文中没有体现。
2. C。第三段里作者提到,以前他以为美国文化像洋葱,能够层层剥开但是没有核心。但是现在他意识到它实际上是一个橡子,外表坚硬的厚壳里藏着一个核心,即虽然它是很多文化的一个大熔炉,但是它也有自己最根本的东西。
3. A。由倒数第二段可得知bd正确,最后一段可知c正确,只有a文章中没有提到,所以正确的答案应该是bcd。
4. B。本文讲述的是作者亲身体验美国文化,慢慢意识到美国文化的核心的过程。
 
Country caked in class (P4)
1. C。由第一段的“this British hot snack has become the center of a very British class war.”可知本文主要讲的是英国肉饼增税事件体现出的阶层矛盾,所以C正确。
2. B。由第二段最后一句话“three-quarters of the… skilled working class… believe the Tories (the leading party in the British government) stand for the rich, rather than ordinary people”可知工人阶层认为执政党维护的是富人的利益,而不是普通大众的利益。由下文“Someone like Cameron, people said, would never buy a pasty.”可推知,pasty的主要消费对象是工人阶层,而上流社会的人消费的cold salad or sushi又不加税,所以可推知这项新规定必然引起广大工人阶层的不满。
3. D。第四段提到身处上流社会,卡梅伦从来不吃肉饼,而这里他又提及自己亲自买了肉饼,而结果证明他提到的商店早已经倒闭,作者提到这些是为了说明了卡梅伦所处的阶层决定了他的饮食方式,以至于他虽然想拉近与群众的距离,却闹了笑话,所以D项正确。
4. C。由第三段最后一句话可知A不对,同时可以推知C项正确,在英国人们的说话方式取决于他们所处的社会背景、社会阶层。由第四段最后一句话可知B不对;由倒数第二段第一句话“to try and win over working-class voters”可知D不对。
 
Clever bear combs hair (P5)
1. C。由第一段的“has found that grizzly bears are able to spot, select and use tools - in this case a “comb””以及第三段的“But the grizzly bear is the only species among these five to have “invented” a comb”可知C正确。
2. B。由第二段“elephants, which use tree branches to hit insects”可知B为正确答案。
3. C。第倒数第二段“The important thing was the fact that the bear had rejected the first stone it had picked up. This showed that it was selectively looking for the right stone.”可以推知C项正确,灰熊扔掉第一块石头主要是因为觉得它不合适。
4. D。由最后一段“However, more research will be needed see whether all bears or all grizzly bears are as smart as this one bear in Glacier Bay National Park.”可知D正确。A项文中没有提及;由第四段可知B项的“weeks of close observation”不对;由第三段的“Deecke’s study adds a fifth species to this tool-using group.”可知D项的six species不对。
 
Jobs for boys? (P6)
1. B。第二段提到,因为作者是玩伴里唯一的女孩,所以她老得扮演受难的公主一类的角色等待别人来救。作者不喜欢自己总是扮演这样被动的角色。
2. D。第四段里Pace说:“You are a girl and that is the way things are going to be. But since you insist, let us test your skill.”。可见,Pace觉得女孩就应该扮演那些柔弱的角色,但是既然作者提出了意见,他决定给她一次机会证明自己,所以Pace是那种能够根据成员需要调整的领导者。
3. C。从倒数第四段可以看到,拿到芭比娃娃后作者被女孩子们发现了,她和好朋友Jake慌忙逃跑,在这过程中作者把裙子划破了,滑落下来被作者踢到了地上,所以C正确,at the price of的意思是“以……为代价”。在执行任务期间,只有Jake帮助了作者,所以AB不对。文中没有提到他们回去的路被女孩子们堵上,所以D不对。
4. C。从句子“From then on I was allowed action-filled roles”可知,男孩们同意让作者扮演跟他们一样的角色了,所以C正确。A文中没有提到。从“Suddenly I felt embarrassed for the first time and tears ran down my face”可见,作者流泪是因为尴尬,B不对。Jake迄今仍然取笑作者,但是他是她的好朋友,应该是善意地取笑,而不是想使她尴尬,所以D不对。

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