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高三教案 第473期
发布时间:2012-12-03

 

Cost of education (P4)
I. Warming up
It’s said that there was a “clear drop” in the number of English students applying for university places this autumn.
What do you think might be the reasons behind this phenomenon?
 
II. Fast reading
Read the text and find out what led to the drop in the number of English students applying for university.
Key: The increase in tuition fees to a maximum of £9,000 a year
 
III. Specific reading
Read the text again and complete the quiz below:
1. According to the article, in the past, students in the UK _____.
A. were not as ambitious and aspiring as they are today
B. did not need to worry about funding their university education
C. couldn’t afford a university education if they were from a poor family
D. were not charged any tuition fees or living costs
2. Which of the following is TRUE according to the article?
A. In 1998, all kinds of grants for college students were canceled in the UK. 
B. UK students are required to start paying back the loan when they graduate and start to work.
C. The amount of tuition fees UK students have to pay in 2012 is about 10 times as much as that in 1998.
D. Students from England traditionally received less financial help than those from Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
3. The underlined word “outrage” in the last paragraph probably means _____.
A. anger              B. curiosity C. confusion        D. debate
4. According to the article, the UK government’s education reforms _____.
A. have been well received by the public since announced
B. have brought back a class divide to university education
C. have led to a clear drop in students applying for university
D. are aimed to push young people to get independent and work hard
 
Key:
1. B。由第二段的“even if they came from a low income family, their tuition fees and some of their living costs would be covered by a local authority grant”可知B正确、D不对。A文中没有提及过去的学生与现在的学生进取心的对比。
2. D。由第三段最后一句话可知贫困生还能收到学校的补助,所以A不对;由最后一段的“graduates did not have to begin repaying their student loans until they were earning more than £21,000 a year”可知B不对;由第三段可知1998年学生开始支付1000磅一年的学费;最后一段第二句话提到了2012年开始,英国大学将收取最高9000磅一年的学费,所以C选项的10 times as much as that in 1998不对。由第四段的“As time passed, tuition fees rose, and although applicants from Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales still qualified for different levels of funding, by 2009/10 students in England often found themselves facing tuition fees of more than £3,000 a year.”可知D正确。
3. A。由下文学生们的反应“Many students argued that it was unfair…”、“others complained that…”可知学生们对这一举措非常不满,所以选A
4. C。由文章最后一句话可知C正确。由最后一段的“Many students argued that it was unfair…”、“others complained that…”可知学生们对这一举措非常不满,故A不对;B项所述只是学生们的抱怨,并非既成事实,所以不对;D项文中没有提及,故不对。
 
IV. Language studies
1. Read the text carefully and match these common phrases to their meanings.
Phrases
A. The turning point
B. The floodgates have been opened
C. Sweet the pill
D. A class divide
 
a. Make accepting a hard thing a little easier
b. Social division between rich and poor
c. There is no stopping a situation now
d. The time when things begin to change
Key: A-d, B-c, C-a, D-b
 
2. Find a synonym for each word or phrase below. There is one word from each paragraph (Paragraphs 2-5).
A. Available to every one
B. Allowed to have
C. Financial assistance
D. Owing a lot of money
Key: open to all, entitled to, subsidy, burdened with huge debt
 
Look into Einstein’s mind (P5)
I. Pre-reading
Albert Einstein’s brain has often been a subject of research. It was removed within seven and a half hours of his death. The brain has attracted attention because of Einstein’s reputation for being one of the great geniuses of the 20th century.
Then how is Einstein’s brain different from those of common people? Let’s read the text to find it out.
 
II. Reading
Choose the best answer:
1. What played an important role in Falk and her team’s new discovery of Einstein’s brain?
A. The displayed brain slices of Einstein.
B. The 14 photos of the brain pieces.
C. Harvey’s research about Einstein’s brain.
D. The newly presented sample of Einstein’s brain.
2. What has Falk and her team discovered about Einstein’s brain?
a. There are more brain cells in his brain.
b. There is no significant difference outwardly in his brain.
c. There is less folding in the gray matter of his brain.
d. There is unique folding in the frontal lobes of his brain.
A. a, b                  B. a, c         
C. b, d                  D. c, d
3. According to the article, scientists believe that _____.
A. our abstract thought is greatly influenced by the folding in the gray matter
B. when Einstein did thought experiments, the frontal lobes of his brain became very active
C. the extra folding in the gray matter of Einstein’s brain helped him develop the theory of relativity
D. Einstein was unusual not because he was born that way but because of years of working in physics
 
Key:
1. B。由第二段的“… a new study by Dean Falk of Florida State University, US, has uncovered more clues about the physicist's brain, thanks to some newly presented photos.”可知B为正确答案。
2. C。由第六段的“Falk found that the size and shape of Einstein's brain are both normal”可知b正确;由第六段的“but the brilliant physicist had extra folding in his brain's gray matter which is responsible for conscious thinking”可知c项的less应该为more才对;由第七段第一句可知d正确,a文中没有提及,所以答案为C
3. B。第七段提到了“He did thought experiments…, and this is exactly the part of the brain one would expect to be very active in such thought experiments”,这里的this指代的是the frontal lobes,所以可推知B正确。由第七段首句可知影响抽象思维的是大脑的脑前叶部分,而不是脑灰质沟回,故A不对;由第七段第二句话可知科学家认为爱因斯坦脑前叶部分特殊的沟回帮助了他发现相对论,所以C不对;由最后一段的第一句话可知科学家对于爱因斯坦大脑是先天发展成为这样的还是后天培养的并没有定论,所以D不对。
 
III. Language studies
Fill in the blanks with proper conjunctions.
1. Falk found that Einstein had extra folding in his brain’s gray matter, ______ is responsible for conscious thinking.
2. In addition, a part called the frontal lobes, ______ plays a key role in abstract thought, also had unusual folding.
3. He did thought experiments _____ he’d imagine himself riding alongside a beam of light.
4. Scientists are still puzzled by one question: _____ Einstein’s brain was extraordinary from birth or _____ years of pondering physics made it that way?
5. During his life, and ever since his death, people everywhere have wondered _____ one man could have possessed such genius.
Key: 1. which     2. which      3. where 4. whether, whether   5. how
 
Fill in the blanks with proper words according to the given clues.
1. Albert Einstein has long been considered one of the most b_____ men who ever lived.
2. Scientists believe that more folding creates more connections between distant brain cells, ______ (allow) one to make mental leaps more easily.
3. This ___________ (help) Einstein develop the theory of relativity.
4. The displayed brain slices allowed scientists a g____ into the source of Einstein’s genius, but the findings were very limited.
5. In 1999, researchers found that “one area of Einstein’s brain was s________ different than most people’s”, according to the BBC.
Key: 1. brilliant    2. allowing     3. may have helped      4. glance    5. significantly
 
A generous gift (P6)
I. Pre-reading
A Sunday school is an institution designed to teach people, usually children, about Christianity (基督教), named such because most Christian churches meet on Sunday.
 
II. Fast reading
Read the text and find out the links between the little girl, the pastor and Temple Baptist Church.
III. Reading
Choose the best answer:
1. Why did the girl save up money in her purse?
A. To pay to go to Sunday school.
B. To thank the kindhearted pastor.
C. To help enlarge the church to hold more children. 
D. To inspire others to donate money to the church.
2. When people heard the girl’s story, ____.
A. her family received lots of donations
B. many people wanted to help her realize her wish
C. a house seller decided to donate land for free
D. the pastor managed to raise enough money in a few months
3. What does the underlined phrase “paid a large dividend” in Paragraph 4 mean?
A. paid a big price
B. gained much respect
C. shown a good example
D. produced the desired effect
4. What is the main purpose of the article?
A. To tell us why Temple Baptist Church was built.
B. To show the importance of equal rights of education.
C. To attract people to visit the scenic sights in Philadelphia.
D. To show how a girl’s generous love made a big difference.
 
Key:
1. C。从第二段的“This is to help make the little church bigger so more children can go to Sunday School”可知,小女孩希望把那些钱用于扩建教堂,这样更多小朋友就能上主日学校了。
2. B。从第三、四段可知,人们知道小女孩的故事以后,纷纷捐钱捐地,想要帮她实现遗愿,所以B正确。A文中没有提到;捐地的那个人收了了57分钱,所以C有误;第四段的“Within five years…”说明D不对。
3. D。从上文来看,小女孩的57分钱在人们的帮助下滚雪球一样变成了25万,可见这个词组的意思应该是“产生了大的效益”。
4. D。文章的主要内容是小女孩为了帮助跟她一样贫困的小朋友,善良地捐献了自己的所有,在她的感召下人们真的实现了她的愿望。
 
IV. Post-reading
Writing:
假设122日是你父亲的生日,下面三幅图描绘的是你给父亲买完礼物后乘坐地铁回家时经历的一件事。请根据图示,用英语写一篇日记记叙这件事,并谈谈自己的感受。
注意:1. 词数不少于1002. 可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯。
参考词汇:地铁(列车)- subway train
 
 

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