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高三教案 第476期
发布时间:2012-12-24

 

Connect with the community (P3)
I. Pre-reading
1.Have you ever done any volunteer work in your community? If so, what volunteer work did you do?
 
2. How do you think community service can benefit us? 
 
II. Fast reading
Read the article fast and find out the main idea of the article.
The article is mainly about how Degenhardt does his volunteer job of delivering hot meals to the homebound in the community and what he has learned from it.
 
III. Specific reading
Read the text again and complete the quiz below:
1. By delivering hot meals during his lunch break, Degenhardt ____.
A. has managed to help support his family
B. has come to learn more about himself
C. is offered free lunch by the South Side Center
D. has discovered what he wants to do as a future job
2. The program, Meals on Wheels, mainly delivers meals to ____.
A. those who prefer fast food to home-cooked food
B. office workers who have no time to buy food in person
C. students whose parents have ordered meals for them in advance
D. those who are unable to buy or prepare their own meals
3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?
A. Degenhardt delivers meals once a week during his lunch break.
B. The lunchtime meal delivery program is open to all students interested in it.
C. Besides delivering food, Degenhardt also helps the recipients who are in need.
D. Students who volunteer for Meals on Wheels have two different periods to have lunch.
4. The underlined word “accommodating” in Paragraph 12 probably means ____.
A. helpful           B. cheerful C. smart              D. adaptive
 
Key:
1. B。由第二段的Volunteering teaches Degenhardt about himself.以及第八段的It helps define you.可知B正确。其他选项文章都没有提及。
2. D。由第一段的“delivering hot meals to the homebound”以及下文提到的两名服务对象的情况(Stan Batker, 90; the next recipient needs help opening the chocolate milk. He’s got arthritis real bad in one hand)可知答案为D
3. C。由最后四段可知C正确。A项的once a week不对,应该是once a month;由第七段的“Typically, the program is limited to older students”可知B项不对,不是所有有兴趣的学生都可以参加这一项目的; 文中提到“Students who volunteer for Meals on Wheels have two lunch periods to make four to five deliveries.”这表示学生志愿者可以在两个时间段送午餐,而并不是说他们自己有两个吃午餐的时段,D选项意思与文章不一致。
4. ABatker提到了学生们accommodating,下文关于Degenhardt帮助一名患关节炎病人的例子是对Batker所说的话的进一步证实,从该例子可知Degenhardt乐于助人,所以accommodating的意思是helpful
 
IV. Post reading
Fill in the blanks with proper words according to the text.
Ben Degenhardt, a 16-year-old junior at Aquinas High School in Wisconsin, US, 1. ________ Meals on Wheels a year ago, through IMPACT, a student 2. ________ group at Aquinas. The program gives students a chance to 3. ________ with the neighborhood and be 4. ________, considerate citizens. 5. ________, the program is limited to older students, but Fries started as a 6. ________, joining his older sister on deliveries. He delivers hot meals to the homebound during his lunch break 7. ________. Degenhardt enjoys his work. He thinks it helps 8. ________ him. Besides delivering food, he is also willing to 9. ________ the recipients who are in need. For Degenhardt, giving help isn’t a chore, but a source of 10. ________. He also gets a chance to connect with the 11. ________ and the people who depend on their 12. ________.
 
Key:
1. signed up for 2. volunteer 3. interact 4. active 5. Typically 6. freshman 7. once a month 8. define 9. help 10. fulfillment 11. community 12. service
 
Do you like spicy food? (P5)
I. Pre-reading
Ø Do you like spicy food?
Ø What do you think can be the reasons some people love chili while others not?
 
II. Fast reading
Read the article fast and find out the answer to the question below.
 
Whether a person enjoys spicy food depends largely on ____ according to the latest study.
A. his or her childhood experiences
B. his or her personality
C. his or her cultural background
D. his or her parents diets
 
Key: B。由第二段的“But the latest study has found that a person’s love of spicy food may be linked to his or her personality more than anything else”可知B为正确答案。
 
III. Specific reading
Read the article again and choose the best answer.
1. The underlined word “loathe” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ____.
A. dislike            B. fear         
C. put up with               D. adjust to
2. What did Professor John Hayes and his team discover from their study?
A. What we eat actually helps to shape our personality.
B. Females are more likely to enjoy spicy food than males.
C. Those trying to avoid risks tend to be less interested in spicy food.
D. People are wrong to treat spicy as a kind of taste rather than a feeling.
3. Why do some people like spicy food according to the recent study?
A. Because their taste buds have become less sensitive.
B. Because they love the burning sensation.
C. Because they want to challenge themselves.
D. Because the more they try spicy food, the less it burns.
 
Key:
1. A。根据该词所在的句子“Scientists have long been puzzled by why some people love chili and others loathe it.”可知,loathe的意思与love相对,所以答案为A
2. C。由倒数第二段的“researchers found that those who were most inclined (倾向于) to enjoy action movies or take risks were about six times more likely to enjoy the spicy water.”可知,喜欢动作影片或者冒险的人更爱吃含辣椒素的水,所以可以推知C正确。新研究发现是性格影响人们爱不爱吃辣,所以A不对;爱不爱吃辣与性别的关系,新研究中没有体现,所以B不对;D项不是新研究的发现。
3. B。由最后一段的“It’s not that it doesn’t burn as badly, it’s that you actually learn to like the burn”可知B正确。
 
IV. Language studies
长难句分析:
uSome people cannot handle even the smallest amount of chili in their dinner while others can’t get enough of it.
句中的while表示cannot handle even the smallest amount ofcan’t get enough of两种情况的对比,意为“然而,但是”
vThey were then given cups of water with capsaicin, the plant chemical that makes a chili burn, mixed into them.
这句话的主干是They were then given cups of water…,后面接的是介词短语with capsaicin…mixed into them用作后置定语,修饰water,其中的the plant chemical that makes a chili burn是解释说明capsaicin的同位语。句意:然后他们(指实验参与者)被给了几杯掺有辣椒素的水,辣椒素是一种使辣椒(在口腔里)产生灼热感的植物化学剂。
 
Time to celebrate (P6)
I. Pre-reading
Predicting:
Look at the headline and guess what the article may be about.
 
II. Skimming
Read the story fast and find out the questions to the following questions.
1. What challenged the author?
2. How did she feel after leaving the hospital?
3. How did the kind woman help the author?
 
Key:
1. She had to look after two sick kids: her 6-year-old daughter Jenna, diagnosed with juvenile diabetes, and her 8-week-old Joel, just off life support.
2. She was frustrated by feelings of total inadequacy.
3. She showed concern for the author, shop for the author and inspired her to look at the positive side of her situation.
 
III. Scanning
Read the article again and choose the best answer:
1. Which of the following is TRUE about the author and her family?
A. Jenna was diagnosed with juvenile diabetes some years ago.
B. She bought a box of Kellogg’s Corn Flakes because it was Jenna’s favorite.
C. Having passed the CPR exam, she was relieved that she could deal with an emergency if it happened.
D. She was afraid that she couldn’t take good care of her children after they came home.
2. What does the underlined word “overwhelmed” mean in Paragraph 7?
A. Overjoyed.
B. Over-sensitive.
C. Strongly affected by grief.
D. Unable to understand.
3. What did the lady do when she noticed the author was crying?
A. She provided the author with financial support.
B. She showed concern for the author and inspired her to think differently.
C. She gave the author some advice on how to throw a party.
D. She accompanied the author to do the shopping and drove her home.
4. When the author says “… I realized the lesson this woman had taught me” in the last paragraph, what does she think “the lesson” is?
A. Look at the positive things in life.
B. Always believe in yourself.
C. Kindness can make a big difference.
D. Be brave enough to face life’s challenges.
 
IV. Post-reading
The author writes at the end of the article:
I have a reason to celebrate!
Ø What was her reason to celebrate?
Key: Her two kids were getting better and she had passed the infant CPR and could take better care of them.
 
Conclusion: Next time when you are in trouble and feel down, remember to find yourself a reason to celebrate.

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