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初三教案 第475期
发布时间:2015-11-16

Issue 475

ISS turns 15 P (4)

 

Warm up

1. What does ISS stand for? 

2. What does the title mean?

 

Pre-reading

1. What planets orbit the sun? 

2. What planets orbit Earth?

3. Do you know any satellites, natural or man-made?

 

While reading

Choose the answer:

1. What is the ISS?

  A. A man-made body in space.

  B. A human habitation on Earth.

  C. A natural satellite orbiting Earth.

D. A lab on Earth for astronauts to study space.

 

2. Which of the following is TRUE about the ISS?

  A. The same people have lived on the ISS for 15 years. 

  B. The first crew was from the leading countries of the ISS. 

  C. Astronauts of 16 countries have joined in the ISS. 

  D. Over 220 astronauts have lived and worked on the ISS since Nov 2, 2000. 

 

3. From the passage, we can infer that _____.

  A. The ISS is a better place for humans to live on than Earth 

  B. space has bad effects on the human mind and body

  C. Earth is not fit for human beings to live on any more

  D. astronauts do experiments on the ISS to help humans live better lives

 

Post reading

Learn more: 

1. NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration (美国国家航空航天局).

2. 8 planets orbiting the sun: Mercury(水星), Venus (金星), Earth (地球), Mars (火星), Jupiter (木星), Saturn (土星), Uranus (天王星), Neptune (海王星)

 

Learn more about the ISS.

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in Earth’s orbit. Its first component launched into orbit in 1998, and the ISS is now the largest artificial body in orbit and can often be seen with the naked eye from Earth.  

 

The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology and other fields. The station is suited for the testing of spacecraft systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars.

 

The ISS is the ninth space station to be inhabited by crews. The station has been continuously occupied for over 15 years since the arrival of Expedition 1 on November 2nd, 2000. This is the longest continuous human presence in space. It has been visited by astronauts, cosmonauts and space tourists from 17 different nations.

 

3. What benefits can the ISS have ?

4. Why do we say space is becoming smaller and smaller?

 

A brilliant and unique scientist P (5)

 

Warm up

Which scientists do you know?

The top 10 scientists of all time:

Sir Isaac Newton laid the foundations for classical mechanics, explaining the law of gravity and the Laws of Motion.

 

Louis Pasteur developed the cure for rabies (狂犬病), anthrax (炭疽病) and other infectious diseases and also enabled the process of pasteurization (巴斯德杀菌法) to make milk safer to drink. 

 

Galileo created one of the first modern telescopes, successfully proved Earth revolved around the sun. 

 

Marie Curie discovered radiation and helped apply it to the field of X-ray. 

 

Albert Einstein revolutionized modern physics with his general theory of relativity, discovered the Photoelectric effect (光电效应), which formed the basis of the Quantum Theory (量子论).

 

Charles Darwin: On the Origin of Species Otto Hahn discovered nuclear fission (核裂变).

 

Nikola Tesla worked on electro-magnetism (电磁学) and AC current (交流电). 

 

James Clerk Maxwell made great strides in understanding electro-magnetism. His research in electricity and kinetics (动力学), laid the foundation for quantum physics. Einstein said, “The work of James Clerk Maxwell changed the world forever.”

 

Aristotle: Great early Greek scientist and philosopher

 

Pre-reading

1. What do you know about Einstein?

2. Is it a real photo or a photo made with photoshop?

 

While reading

Albert Einstein is a ______ from ______. His theory of _______ was made public to the world in November ____ years ago. This theory has changed the way people view ____________ completely.

 

Choose the answer:

1. What does the theory of relativity tell us?  

     A. Time and space are the same for everyone everywhere.

     B. Time and space can change in certain conditions.    

     C. The theory stands strong although it is not true.    

     D. People view time and space in the same way.

 

2. When trying to solve a problem, Einstein usually _____.

    A. sat by the sea

    B. took funny photos

    C. took part in violin competitions

    D. relaxed by doing his hobbies

 

3. Which of the following  is TRUE?

    A. Einstein didn’t know how to relax. 

    B. Einstein disliked the person who took photos for him.

    C. Einstein proved that Newton’s theory was not true.

    D. Einstein liked wearing socks without shoes.  

 

Post-reading

1. What is Einstein like?

2. Who is your favorite scientist? Why?

 

Don’t judge too quickly P (6)

Pre-reading

How do you judge a person?

 

While reading

Choose the answer:

1. The reasons for the secretary’s attitude towards the couple were the following EXCEPT _____.

    A. they had no appointment

    B. she thought they were poor

    C. they were not properly dressed

    D. the president refused to see them

 

2. The couple wanted to give a building to the university to _____.

     A. help students there  

     B. honor their son

     C. show they were rich

D. know the costs of a university 

 

3. Which is TRUE about the passage?

     A. The secretary looked down on the couple.

     B. It’s wrong for the couple to make a decision quickly.

     C. The couple started a new university close to this one their son attended. 

     D. The president was happy because the couple wanted to give a building to the university.

 

Post-reading

1. Have you ever made wrong decisions by judging too quickly? 

2. How do you understand the sentence in the picture?

 

 


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