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高三教案 第583期
发布时间:2016-03-21

Machine Beats Man (P2)
  山东烟台经济技术开发区高级中学 唐福珍
I. Warming up
How much do you know about the following items?
1. The Game of Go:A board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters. It is considered one of the most complicated strategy games.
2. AlphaGo:An artificial intelligence machine built by Google’s DeepMind.  
3. DARPA(Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) : The central research and development organization for the United States Department of Defense; it is responsible for developing emerging technologies for use by the military.

II. Skimming
Look through the article and decide what the main idea of the article is.
The article shows the result of the game of Go between AlphaGo and Lee Sedol, a game in which AlphaGo outperformed Lee by 4-1, and discusses the possible future for AI and humanity.

III. Scanning
Read the article again and answer the following questions:
1. What are the concerns about AI?
Some people fear that AI is harmful to the human race and the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race. 
2. What is The Economist’s opinion of AI?
It’s not hard to get a computer program to remember and produce facts. What is hard is getting computers to apply their knowledge to everyday situations.
We have a long way to go before AI’s capabilities truly begin to approach the human brain, despite how dominant the technology can be when focusing on a single task.
3. What is John Markoff’s opinion?
Researchers should build artificial intelligence that aims for intelligence augmentation (IA) in which computers make people more effective.
Our fate is in our own hands. Since technology depends on the values of its creators, we can make human choices that use technology to improve the world.

IV.Language Study
complicated  adj. 复杂的
e.g. This is the most complicated case I have ever handled.
digest vt./vi. 消化,慢慢接受
e.g. He is still digesting the sad news.
on the verge of 接近于,濒临于
e.g. I am sad that Julie’s marriage is on the verge of ending.
take for granted 认为……理所当然
e.g. I took it for granted that they had already arrived there.
effective adj. 有效的
e.g. We need to find effective ways to reduce pollution.

V. Discussion
What is your opinion of AI machines? Do you fear that they will overtake and control humans in all walks of life? Why or why not?


Story of Hero Who Failed (P4-5)
北京二中 付春雨
I. Warming up
Discussion:
Who is the hero in your heart?
What did he/she do that made him/her a hero to you?
What’s your definition of a hero?
Definition of a hero:
A hero is someone who is admired for doing something extremely brave.
A hero can also be someone that you admire very much for his or her intelligence, quality, skill etc.

II. Pre-reading: Prediction
Title: Story of Hero Who Failed
Look at the title and make a prediction of the article. What is this article mainly about?

III. While-reading
Activity One: Skim the passage and confirm your prediction.
This article is mainly about a ski jumper, Eddie “The Eagle” Edwards, who was considered a national hero due to his inspiring story.

Activity Two: True or false
The movie Eddie the Eagle is a fictional story about a ski jumper. F
As an athlete, Edwards has shown great talent in many kinds of sports since he was 9. F
Even though people around him often laugh at his dream, Edwards doesn’t care about their sneers. T
Edwards tries his best to achieve his dream and finally wins a medal at the Olympic Games. F

Activity Three
What qualities does Edwards have according to the passage? Please support your idea with details from the passage.
Modest talent
“He has dreamed of taking part in the Olympics since he was 9. Before ski jumping, Edwards tried several other sports, but all ended in failure.”
Determined, persistent
“Edwards doesn’t give up, and instead he tries his hardest to make his dream come true against all odds. Despite the other British athletes laughing at him, Eddie ends up standing in the place of his dreams.”
“Edwards shows off another side of the Olympic spirit that is equally precious and respectable – he sticks to his dreams and takes no notice of people’s sneers.”
Friendly, warm-spirited, enthusiastic
“He’s really this friendly, warm-spirited guy who just happens to have this enthusiasm for a death-defying (拼命的) thing,”

Activity Four: Discussion
Why do people give Edwards the nickname “The Eagle” in the movie? What qualities do they have in common?
Sample Answer:
People give Edwards the nickname “The Eagle” because his spirit of not giving up deeply moves the audience.
Their common qualities: For one thing, eagles are high flyers, but they are able to swiftly land on the ground, just like the ski jumper. For another, eagles are fearless. An eagle never surrenders to the size or strength of its prey. It always puts up a fight to catch its prey. So does Eddie when he faces difficulties. He doesn’t give up or surrender, but sticks to his dream and takes no notice of others’ sneers.

IV. Post-reading: Writing Task
Write a short article about someone who is a hero in your heart. You need to organize the information into three sections:
Paragraph 1: Opening and personal information
(when and where he/she was born, early life, education…)
Paragraph 2: Hard work and achievements
(the difficulties he/she had to overcome, his/her success, how he/she helped others)
Paragraph 3: Your opinion on the person (qualities)


Moving on from My Pain (P6)
福建莆田五中 林素钦
I. Warming up  
If someone you loved passed away, how would you feel?

II. Fast reading
The author wrote the article mainly to ______.
A. remind us what kinds of friends we should make
B. encourage us to deal with grief positively
C. tell us how she became a successful dancer
D. mourn her father’s death deeply

III. Detailed reading
1. Did the author get over the grief quickly?
No. In fact, she kept feeling sad about her father’s death.
2. What is people’s most common reaction toward bad news? Is it a good way to deal with it?
When they get bad news, people may often ask “ why” and “how”.
It is not a good way to deal with it because there are no answers to this kind of question.
3 . Who did Antonietta perform for at the school’s winter concert?
She performed for one of her classmates. 
4. What problem did her classmate have?
Her classmate was suffering from a rare disease. 
5.What was her feeling about the performance on stage and how did she deal with it?
She was in fact very nervous.
She got over the nervousness through her friends’ encouraging words.

IV. Critical reading
Q1: What is the meaning of “a blessing in disguise” in the text?
It means “bad luck or something unfortunate but it finally results in something positive”.
(塞翁失马焉知非福)
For example: Being trapped in the heavy traffic was a blessing in disguise. If I hadn’t been trapped in it, I would have been on the plane that crashed.
Q2: In groups, discuss what kind of person Antonietta is.
Suggested answers:
1. She is a girl with a strong will. Though her father died, she kept on going on through her pain.
2. She is a talented dancer. Though she is a fairly new dancer, she could connect the dance with her memories that made her friend cry.
3. She is a loving girl. She was still sad about her father’s death, but she danced for her classmate who was suffering from a rare disease.

V. Vocabulary
What do the following words mean in the article? Match them with their explanations.
rare: not common
dedicate: officially make sth a place for honoring or remembering a person, event, etc
grief: deep sadness caused especially by someone’s death
reasonable: fair and sensible
underestimate: to think of sb or sth as being less in size, ability etc than they are
 


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