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高三教案 第585期
发布时间:2016-04-05

Spain’s Shakespeare (P1)
I. Warming Up
Look at the following pictures. What can you see in them? Who are the characters?
They show the adventures of Don Quixote and his squire. They are characters from the book Don Quixote.

II. Pre-reading
What do you know about Don Quixote? Who was the author of the book?
Don Quixote, fully titled The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha, is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.

Miguel de Cervantes:
Died: 22 April 1616 (aged 68) Madrid, Spain
Occupation: Soldier, novelist, poet, playwright, accountant
Nationality: Spanish

Don Quijote (Don Quixote) : Illustration by Gustave Doré, depicting the famous windmill scene.

III. While reading
1. Read the article and summarize its main idea.
It introduces the main characters of the novel Don Quixote and explores why the book is still appreciated today.
2. Read the article again and answer the following questions.
Why Don Quixote is still appreciated today?
It is a wonderfully truthful comedy. Its main character has great difficulty distinguishing reality from imagination, which is a common trait of human beings.
Why does Mr Alonso Quijano want to become a knight?
He reads far too many romances and they have affected his mind.
What does Alonso Quijano do to make himself a knight?
He gives himself the aristocratic name “Don Quixote de La Mancha” that suits a knight.
He finds himself an old horse called “Rocinante”.
He chooses Aldonza Lorenzo, a farmer’s daughter, to be his beloved.
He makes his servant Quixote’s squire.
What does “quixotic” mean in English?
It is used to describe someone who is idealistic but foolish in pursuit of his ideals.

IV. Post-reading
Discussion:
In your opinion, what makes a knight (骑士) and what is chivalry (骑士精神)?
In the Middle Ages, a knight was a man of high social rank who had a duty to fight for his king. Knights are often shown in pictures riding horses and wearing Armour (盔甲).
Chivalry:The term implies not only the knight, but also the duties of a good knight. These duties are defined as faithfulness and service to God, kindness to fellow Christians, protection of the weak and courtly love.
What role do you think chivalry has in today’s society?
Chivalry in the Middle Ages was a set of limitations which the strong and mighty placed upon themselves with the realization that setting a good example sends a message that is far more powerful than any words on paper.
Today, we’re not too different from those knights in the Middle Ages — we have a great deal of wealth and resources and freedom at our disposal, and we can use (or misuse) them in nearly any way we like.
Perhaps chivalry in modern society is simply a choice. It is the choice to do the right things, for the right reasons, at the right times.

Boys of spring take to field to play US’ most traditional game (Page 4)
山东烟台二中 赵娟
I Pre-reading
How much do you know about baseball?
For example:
It is probably based on an old English game called rounders.
A version of the game became popular in the early 19th Century. Modern rules of the game are very similar to the original ones.

II. Fast Reading
For more information about baseball, read the article quickly, and then answer the questions.
What is the beauty of baseball in America?
Key:
It is enough to make millions of people in the US think of many images.
Baseball is a game of fathers and sons to enjoy.
The players come in all shapes and sizes.
It is its most historical.
Baseball is as American as apple pie, red, white and blue (the colors of the US national flag) and Grandma’s house.

III. Reading Comprehension
What do the words “And the players come in all shapes and sizes.” mean?
Key: Whether you are tall or short, strong or weak, you can play baseball.

II. IV. Translation
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
In schools it is as likely for friends to trade baseball cards as it is for them to trade lunches. 
Key: 在学校,朋友之间交换关于棒球的卡片就像他们之间互相请吃午饭一样平常。

III. V. Discussion
Work in groups and then introduce other ball games to your partners.

Not getting lost (P6)
I. Pre-reading
Discuss the following questions with your partner.
Do you like climbing mountains?  Why or why not?

II. Reading
Read the article and choose the best answer for each of the following questions.
1. The author’s friends were determined to climb the “High Peaks” Adirondack mountains because _____.
A. they wanted to climb the highest mountain in their area
B. they wanted to win a club’s special award
C. they had to do it in order to join a local club
D. they were eager to become famous worldwide
2. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the “High Peaks” Adirondack Mountains?
A. People can follow the marked trails to the summits of the 46 mountains.
B. People have to cut down a lot of trees to reach the top.
C. People can get lost in some of the mountains without a compass or a map.
D. The mountains are so hard to climb that few people have ever been there.
3. What happened to the author’s two friends when they climbed their 46th mountain?
A. They couldn’t find out how to get to the base of the chain of mountains.
B. They had to find their own way to climb the mountain without a map or compass.
C. They corrected their error as soon as they discovered they had gone in the wrong direction.
D. They felt so exhausted when halfway there that they decided to climb it four months later.
4. What message does the story convey?
A. We should put in a lot of effort to reach a goal.
B. Nothing is impossible for a determined heart.
C. It is important to know your life goals well.
D. Never forget to take a map and a compass along with you when going out.

Key:
1. B。从第2段“The Adirondack Mountain Club gives special recognition, and an award… My two friends decided to go for this award.”可知,作者朋友是为了获得俱乐部提供的奖项而决定去爬这46座山的。
2. C。从第3段最后一句“These mountains are really hard to climb because you have to “bushwhack” them using a compass and a map.”可知,如果没有已经开辟出来的路径的话,需要指南针或者地图的指引,可推断出否则会迷路的。
3. B。从第6段可知,作者朋友忘记携带指南针和地图了,但是从“they decided to bushwhack without the compass and map”可知,他们毅然决定继续前进。
4. C。从文章最后一段可知,作者要阐明的是人生道理,“Knowing your life purpose gives you a powerful personal “map” and “compass””即要明确目标。

III. After reading
Further thinking:
In the last paragraph, the author compares our life purpose to a “map” and “personal compass”. Do you agree with the author? What do you think a clear life purpose means?
 


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