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高三教案 第592期
发布时间:2016-09-05

Understand Rhyming Slang (P4)
中国人民大学附属中学  宋玖青
 
I. Warm up
Do you understand the following sentences? Can you guess what they mean?
 
II. Pre-reading
Guess what they mean.
plates of meat
trouble and strife(冲突)
Ruby Murray
Richard Burtons
……
 
III. While-reading
Scanning:
Read the article and answer the following questions.
1.How did rhyming slang probably start?
It probably started either as a way for market stall traders to communicate in secret or as a way for thieves to trade information without giving themselves away.
2.What is the general rule for making up rhyming slang?
The general rule is to replace one word with a two-worded phrase that rhymes with it.
 
Close reading:
Activity 1: Find the rhyming slang mentioned in the article and fill in the chart.
Rhyming slang
Meaning
dog and bone
phone
Ruby Murray
curry
Scooby Doo
clue
brown bread
dead
sausage and mash
cash
 
Activity 2: Read the article again, and decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F).
1.The origin of rhyming slang is clearly known to historians. F
2.According to the survey by the Museum of London, rhyming slang might soon vanish. T
3.Rhyming slang has become popular again. T
 
IV. Post-reading
Can you guess their meaning now?
plates of meat: feet
trouble and strife: wife
Ruby Murray: curry
Richard Burtons: curtains
 
Discussion:
1)After reading the article, what do you think the significance of rhyming slang in London’s culture is? Is it outdated or not?
 
2) In China, we also have various intangible cultural (非物质文化) resources, such as dialects and handicrafts, and some of them are near extinction. Share your knowledge of China’s intangible culture with others. Has the article given you any inspiration for how we should treat our own cultural heritage?
 
V. Homework
Based on your discussion, please choose one intangible cultural resource. Briefly write about its origin, the situation it is currently in and your suggestions for how to treat it. 
 
 
 
Africa’s human lessons (P5)
天津市第四十三中学  邵博雅
I. Warming up   
What comes to mind when you think of Africa?
 
II. Skimming
What is the article mainly about?
It is mainly about a new genetic study in Africa.
 
III. Scanning
Read the article and answer the following questions:
1. According to the article, what’s the significance of genetic research?
Genetic research in a continent where genetic diversity is high can give us a better understanding of why people get certain diseases.
Clue: Para 1, the second sentence
 
2. What does “stones” in the third paragraph refer to?
Types of human beings./Peoples.
 
3. Why does Africa have the most diverse population in the world?
About 80 to 100 thousand years ago, some people left Africa and created the populations of other parts of the world. Most of the remaining people formed Africa’s diverse population.
Clue: Para 3
 
4. What conclusion can we take from the fourth paragraph?
People’s migration and the way they have mixed influenced the genetic map of Africa.
 
IV. Structure
1.…, the majority of medical research happens in Europe.
majority of 大多数
Translate:这个国家大多数人都喜欢我们的传统音乐。
The majority of people in this country like our traditional music.
 
2. The one or two stones that fell out and…
fall out 掉出;脱落;解散; 掉队
Translate:他睡着时书从手中掉了下来.
He let the book fall out of his hand while he was sleeping.
 
3. …, they often mixed with local people.
mix with   []
Translate: 随后,它和天然气混合了。 
Later, it mixed with natural gas.  
 
4. And this means we can start to develop better ways of helping the people of Africa.
develop ways of   发展的方法
Translate:我们应该采取的第一个措施是发展更多的再次利用水的方法。
The first measure we should take is to develop more ways of reusing water.
 
 
Losing my special tree (P6)
南开中学  王立梅
I. Pre-reading   
Discussion
Can you guess why the tree is special and different for the author?
 
II. While-reading
1. Why have many trees been lost?
Because the amount of rainfall in the area means tree roots can’t provide firm support.
 
2. How did the author get the blue spruce seedlings?
She got them from the Arbor Day Foundation.
 
3. Why did they have to move the blue spruce seedlings?
They thought that blue spruce seedlings would get destroyed when fir trees, which were taken down, were sold to a logger.
 
4. What happened to the blue spruce trees while they were being transplanted?
Five of the 10 trees died.
 
5. How did the largest blue spruce die?
It was destroyed by another windstorm.
 
6. What does the author mean by “it was nature’s way”?
She means that every life comes to an end and she could only accept the truth.  
 
7. Can you retell what happened to the blue spruce trees? 
The seedlings survived a storm with gusts up to 129km/h. They were moved for safety purposes but five of them died during the process. Later, a big Doulgas fir died and it was cut down without hitting the blue spruce trees. In the end, another windstorm hit and the largest blue spruce tree crashed down. 
 
8. What did the author do after she lost the largest blue spruce? 
She got another 10 blue spruce seedlings and planted them in a safe place.  
 
III. Post-reading
Discussion: Why was the tree special to the author?
Because she had devoted a great deal of effort to protecting it.
 
IV. Writing
Do you have something that is very special/precious to you? Write an essay about it and explain why it is special/precious to you.

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