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初三教案 第517期
发布时间:2017-02-28

初三第517期
Trump makes big calls (P2)

Pre-reading
1. What do you know about US presidential elections (美国总统大选)?
2. What do you know about Donald Trump?

While reading
Choose the answer: 
1. According to Trump, he signed the travel ban on refugees to _____.
A. solve the refugee problems
B. fight against Muslims
C. keep his country safe
D. stop foreigners entering the US

2. What do many US people think of Trump’s orders, according to the third and fourth paragraphs?
A. They think the orders are helpful.
B. They don’t support the orders.
C. They think the orders follow the law.
D. The orders are against the rules of the UN and EU.

3. Trump decided to leave the TPP, because _____.
A. he preferred to trade with one country at a time rather than a group
B. he didn’t want to make trade deals with Australia and Japan
C. he thought the TPP group was not big enough
D. he didn’t like the former US president

4. What does the story mainly talk about?
A. Trump’s new orders.
B. Trump’s travel ban.
C. The Trans-Pacific Partnership.
D. Different leadership styles of US presidents.

Words in use
用恰当的单词、短语或句型完成下列句子:
1. 正如谚语所说的是,“天有不测风云。”
______________, “accidents will happen.”
2. 当前的政府在1997年执政。
The present government ________ in 1997.
3. 大雨并没有阻止他们继续在外面玩耍。
The heavy rain didn’t stop them _________ outside.
4. 这张名单上包含许多新名字。
The list ________ many new names.
5. 30乘客受伤,其中包括5个孩子。
Thirty passengers were hurt,  ______ five children.

Post-reading
Fun facts about US presidents:
1. George Washington never lived in the White House. The capital was actually located in Philadelphia and other cities when Washington was president. He is also the only president who didn’t represent a political party.
2. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson went to see William Shakespeare’s home in 1786. They then ripped off a piece of Shakespeare’s chair with a knife to take with them as a memento.
Post-reading
3. Thomas Jefferson invented the swivel chair.
4. The term “O.K.” derives from President Martin Van Buren (1782-1862) who was known as “Old Kinderhook” because he was raised in Kinderhook, New York. “O.K.” clubs were created to support Van Buren’s campaigns.

New words to express emotions (P4)

Pre-reading
1. Is there a moment when you can’t think of a word to describe your emotions?
2. How can people express an emotion, besides using a word?

While reading
Choose the answer: 
1. What is researcher Tim Lomas working on?
A. He is studying people’s strong emotions.
B. He is improving the old English dictionaries.
C. He is making a list of words to describe people’s emotions.
D. He is trying to explain the differences between languages in the world.

2. What does the underlined word “schadenfreude” in the second paragraph mean in Chinese?
A. 乐极生悲
B. 幸灾乐祸
C. 苦尽甘来
D. 火上浇油

3. Which of the following is NOT true about Lomas’ study?
A. He borrowed from many languages for his study.
B. He studied “untranslatable” experiences.
C. His study is called the Positive Lexicography Project.
D. His study focused on sad moments in people’s daily life.

4. The word “peiskos” describes the feeling _____.
A. when you push your fingers through a loved one’s hair
B. when you wear or use something for the first time
C. when a long working day comes to an end
D. when you’re sitting around a warm fireplace

Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
1. One way to f____ the problem is to give up our project.
2. In the end they lose millions, p____ billions.
3. English has b_____ many words from French.
4. The police have started s_______ for the missing men.
5. T_____ to a lot of hard work, it was all a great success.

Post-reading
A few instances where other languages have found the right word and English simply falls speechless:
1. Mamihlapinatapei: Yagan (indigenous language of Tierra del Fuego 火地岛) — The wordless, yet meaningful look shared by two people who both desire to initiate something but are both reluctant to start. (Altalang.com)
2. Jayus: Indonesian — A joke so poorly told and so unfunny that one cannot help but laugh. (Altalang.com)
3. Iktsuarpok: Inuit — To go outside to check if anyone is coming. (Altalang.com)

Map the real world (P6)

Pre-reading
1. Do you like geography?
2. What did you use to help you learn geography when you were in middle school?

While reading
Choose the answer: 
1. From the first paragraph, what do we know about the AuthaGraph World Map?
A. It is a common classroom wall map in Japan.
B. It won Japan’s Good Design Award in 2016.
C. It beat the mobility chairs in the design competition.
D. It is not surprising that the new map won the award.

2. Different from other maps, the AuthaGraph World Map _____.
A. is more accurate
B. is much larger
C. includes more places
D. is a 3-D one

3. What do we know about the AuthaGraph World Map?
A. North America looks the same size as Africa on this map.
B. Alaska looks bigger than Brazil on the map.
C. It cuts the globe into 96 equal triangles.
D. It cuts the world into tiny circles.

Words in use
用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成句子:
replace,  because of,  even though,  success,  suggest
1. Most of us don’t listen to his advice, _________ we know it to be true.
2. Teachers will never be ______ by computers in the classroom.
3. I _______ doing it in another way in the meeting yesterday.
4. The play was very _______ on Broadway.
5. He walked slowly ________ his bad leg.

Post-reading
1. What do you think of the AuthaGraph World Map?
2. What can you learn from a world map?


参考答案及解析
P2:
Choose the answer:
1. 解析:C。根据第2段第3句Trump believes this helps keep terrorism out of the US.可知特朗普认为这一禁令可以让美国免遭恐怖主义;第3段第1句Trump pointed out on his Facebook that this is about keeping the US safe.也提到,故选C。
2. 解析:B。根据第3段第2句However, many people, both from the US and other countries, are against the orders.可知,很多美国人和其他国家的人都不支持特朗普的这些
3. 解析:A。根据最后一段最后一句But Trump wants to do trade deals with one country at a time, instead of in a big group like the TPP, according to The Independent.可知,特朗普退出跨太平洋伙伴关系协定,是因为他想一次只和一个国家做贸易,故选A。
4. 解析:A。通读全文可知,本文主要讲了特朗普上台后的一些新政,故选A。

Words in use:
1. As the saying goes
2. took office
3. playing
4. includes
5. including

P4:
Choose the answer: 
1. 解析:C。根据第2段第1句University of East London psychology researcher Tim Lomas is making a list of words from different languages around the world.可知,Tim Lomas正在进行第1段提到的情况,找合适的词表达某种强烈的情绪,故选C。
2. 解析:B。根据第2段划线单词后的解释:… the German word describing pleasure at the bad luck of others.可知,别人遇到不幸时,你感到开心,故答案选B。
3. 解析:D。根据第4段第一句Lomas has focused mostly on happy moments.可知,答案选D。
4. 解析:根据倒数第二段最后一句 … while the Norwegians describe the feeling of sitting around a warm fireplace as “peiskos”.可知,答案选D。

Words in use:
1. fix
2. perhaps
3. borrowed
4. searching
5. Thanks

P6:
Choose the answer: 
1. 解析:B。根据第1段第1句It recently won Japan’s 2016 Good Design Award.可知,答案选B。
2. 解析:A。根据第2段But this map is very special, because the maps you have used at school are not completely accurate.可知,答案选A。
3. 解析:C。根据倒数第4段Created by Japanese designer Hajime Narukawa, it cuts the globe into 96 equal triangles … 可知,答案选C。

Words in use:
1. even though
2. replaced
3. suggested
4. successful
5. because of


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