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初三教案 第557期
发布时间:2018-04-23

 

初三17-18年第35期总第557期
Less language learning (P2)
Pre-reading
Free talk
Do you like learning another language?
Why do you want to learn a second language?
 
 
While reading
1. What is the focus of Paragraph 1?
A. Many people are learning English as a second language.
B. English fluency could be a valuable skill in the future.
C. Fewer US college students are learning foreign languages.  
D. College students can’t learn foreign languages by themselves.
 
2. The Modern Language Association is a group that _____.  
A. provides help for language studying
B. records changes in language studies
C. researches learning processes for US students
D. keeps track of the number of US students
 
3. Why don’t many US college students major in foreign languages?
A. They don’t believe it’s practical.
B. It’s hurt to learn a foreign language.
C. They are encouraged to choose different majors.
D. They think learning a foreign language is a waste of time.
 
4. According to Clayton Lewis, _____.
A. not being able to speak a second language is a failure
B. it will be easy for Americans to find jobs
C. countries all over the world are more connected now
D. mastering a second language is important
 
 
Words in use
Fill in blanks
1. Some people suggest limiting the number of bikes and cars. This can ________(减少) the risk of a traffic jam.
2. It can’t be measured ________(根据) money.
3. ___________(除了) an album, I gave him a pen and a pencil.
 
 
Post-reading
Have a think:
What can you do to make yourself more competitive in the future job market?
 
 
Chinese food with US characteristics (P5)
Pre-reading
Do you know about fortune cookies?
What are they?
Where can you find this kind of food?
 
 
While reading
1. What is the topic of the story?
A. The author’s mother’s cooking.
B. Traditional American food.
C. Americanized Chinese food.
D. Traditional Chinese food.
 
2. What do we know from Paragraph 4?
A. Many Chinese moved to the US in the early 20th century.
B. Chinese living in the US changed their taste in food.
C. American Chinese food is different from traditional Chinese food.
D. Vegetables are the main ingredient in American Chinese food.
 
3. The author mentioned fortune cookies because _____.
A. he likes American Chinese takeout
B. people always get free cookies in the US
C. they are the most popular dessert in the US
D. they are typical American Chinese food
 
4. What can we infer from the story?
A. American Chinese food is not popular in the US.
B. The author doesn’t like authentic Chinese food.
C. The author prefers American food to Chinese food.
D. Chow mein is also cooked differently in the US.
 
 
Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
1. He got his coffee, came back and s __________ to listen.
2. The factory t________ produces 500 chairs a week.
3. Liz was c________ to be an excellent teacher.
 
 
Post-reading
If you had a chance to try American Chinese food, which dish would you like to try?
Do you think it’s a good idea to localize foreign food?
 
 
 
Shooting into the sun (P6)
Pre-reading
Have you ever heard of solar storms?
How can they affect us here on Earth?
 
 
While reading
1. What do we know about the Parker Solar Probe?
A. It will help scientists understand the stars.
B. It has not been launched into space yet.
C. It will orbit the sun as well as the Earth.  
D. It will be the first probe to be used for studying the universe.
 
2. Which of the following is a way for the probe to survive high temperatures?
A. A large shield will cover the whole probe.
B. It will fly away as soon as the temperature gets too high.
C. It has a system to help cool down its solar arrays.
D. Scientists will use magnetic fields to protect it.
 
3. Solar activity includes all of the following EXCEPT _____.
A. solar winds
B. solar storms
C. the activity of the corona
D. temperature changes
 
4. Why is predicting solar activity so important?
A. Because it has a big influence on Earth.
B. Because it makes machines stop working.
C. Because people can’t live without the sun.
D. Because it is one of the greatest mysteries of the universe.
 
 
Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 他在经历一段非常艰难的时期。
    He was _____________ a very difficult time.
2. 电视对孩子的行为有影响吗?
    Does television ________ children’s behavior?
3. 我的话使他既惊讶又困惑。
    My words surprised and ________ him.
 
 
Post-reading
If you had the chance to study the universe, what topic would you most like to study? Why?
- The movements of the planets
- Aliens
- The atmospheres of different planets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
答案与解析:
P2
1. C。从文中第一段最后一句fewer college students in the United States are studying foreign languages themselves. 以及后面文章的内容可以得知,第一段的重点在于引出话题:在美国,越来越少的大学生学习外语。故答案选C。
 
2. B。 由文章第二段第一句The Modern Language Association (MLA), a group in the US that tracks language studies,可以看出现代语言协会是美国一个追踪调查语言学习变化的组织。故答案为B 。
 
3. A。从文章第三段第一句One reason for this could be that studying a foreign language is not seen as practical (实用的).可以得知许多美国大学生不主修外语的其中一个原因是学习一门外语并不实用。故答案为A。  
 
4. D。从文章的倒数第二段最后一句As countries within the global economy become ever more connected, the need for talented foreign language-speakers will remain.以及最后一段The reality of the 21st century job market is that Americans will be competing for a job where…they will be compared to a multilingual candidate可以得知随着各国经济联系的更紧密,对外语人才的需求将继续存在。Clayton Lewis认为21世纪美国就业市场的现实仍然是掌握多种语言的人更具有竞争力。故答案为D。     
 
P5:
1. C。 从第一段最后一句话作者提到Americanized Chinese food开始,一直到剩下的几个段落都在围绕谈论American Chinese food展开,可以得知本篇文章的标题。 故答案为C。
 
2. C。从文章第四段第一句But they changed their dishes greatly in order to appeal to (迎合) American tastes.可以得知为了迎合美国人的口味,美式中餐大大改变了中餐的菜肴口味。因此与传统的中餐不同。故答案为C。
 
3. D。从文章第五段最后一句Every American Chinese takeout meal also comes with fortune cookies.可以得知每一份美式中餐外卖都有幸运饼干。这是美式中餐的特点。故答案为D。
 
4. D。 文章的最后一段I very much enjoy authentic (正宗的) Chinese food. But there is something about American Chinese dishes, like General Tso’s chicken (左宗棠鸡) and chow mein (炒面), that I really miss.说明作者既喜欢正宗的中国菜,也喜欢美式中餐,其中提到了炒面,显然炒面的做法在美国也是不同的。故答案为D。
 
P6
1. B。文中第一段第二句提到The probe is going through final testing to be ready for its launch (发射) this July, NASA said.可以得知帕克太阳探测器正在进行最后的测试,准备在今年7月发射。故答案为B。
 
2. C。从文章中第三段最后一句Scientists have also invented a cooling system to help cool the probe’s solar arrays (太阳能板), which are used to power the probe.可以得知科学家还发明了一种冷却系统,用来冷却探测器上的太阳能板。故答案为C。
 
3. D。从文章第四段最后一句such as how solar wind accelerates (加速) and why the corona is so much hotter than the solar surface和第五段第二句话strong solar winds or a solar storm can affect Earth’s magnetic field (磁场).可以得知太阳活动包括太阳风,太阳风暴和日冕。故答案为D。
 
4. A。从文章倒数第二段第一句Solar activity can affect Earth in many ways.可以得知太阳活动可以在许多方面影响地球,所以人们能预测太阳的活动很重要。故答案为A。
 
 
 
 

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