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初三教案 第583期
发布时间:2019-02-18

 

初三18-19年第26期总第583期
Exploring the moon (P2)
Pre-reading
1. How much do you know about the moon?
2. Who was the first man to land on the moon?
 
 
While reading
1. What has Chang’e 4 done so far?
a. It has landed on the far side of the moon.
b. It has taken photos of the far side of the moon.
c. It has carried out experiments on the moon.
d. It has built a base on the moon.
A. abc           B. bcd         C. acd           D. abd
 
2. What does the underlined “it” refer to in Paragraph 4? 
A. A base on the moon in the future.
B. The Chang’e 4 probe.
C. The success of the Chang’e 4 mission.
D. China’s space program.
 
3. What is Chang’e 5 expected to do?
A. Circle around the moon.
B. Land on the surface of the moon.
C. Bring lunar materials back to Earth.
D. Send people to the moon.
 
4. What can we infer from the story?
A. Chang’e 4 has uncovered the secrets of the far side of the moon.
B. China’s space exploration program started 15 years ago. 
C. Chang’e 5 will be China’s last lunar exploration program. 
D. China has not launched any space probes to Mars so far.
 
 
Words in use
根据提示完成下列句子:
1. We have a_____ what we set out to do.
2. He took off his coat and _____ (set) off for work.
3. I will definitely c______ (执行) this plan.
 
 
Post-reading
What might be some challenges for the Chang’e 4 mission? How should we deal with these challenges?
 
 
 
UK girl is flying high (P3)
Pre-reading
1. What are your hobbies?
2. Have you ever dreamed of flying a plane? What qualities do you think one needs in order to be a pilot?
 
 
While reading
1. What do we know about Ellie Carter?
A. She just got her driver’s license.
B. She can fly a plane by herself.
C. She has her own powered aircraft.
D. She flies once every two weeks.
 
2. Ellie Carter wrote to the military air show because _____.
A. she wanted to apply for their flying lessons
B. she wanted to fly a U-2 spy plane in the US
C. she asked for a type of spy plane to be added to the show
D. she hoped to visit the Beale Air Force Base
 
3. What does Ellie Carter think of flying planes?
A. She thinks it is cool to be a pilot.
B. She is worried because it is dangerous.
C. She feels lucky that she can do it.
D. She believes everyone can fly a plane.
 
4. The story is written to explain _____.
A. how to become an aircraft pilot
B. what the Royal International Air Tattoo is
C. what is included in flying lessons
D. how Ellie Carter became the youngest pilot
 
 
Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
1. The crash was _______ (由于) pilot error.
2. He's been away for _______ (至少) a week.
3. In order to ______ (储存) some money, she always goes to the bakery after six, when everything is half price.
 
 
Post-reading
What do you think of Carter’s choice?
Do you have the courage to challenge yourself the way she has?
 
 
 
Most popular names in US (P4)
Pre-reading
1. Do you have an English name?
2. What’s your English name?
3. How did you get your English name?
 
 
While reading
1. What do we know about the US Social Security Administration?
A. It releases a list of popular baby names once a year.
B. It is a special organization that studies popular names.
C. It decides on the most popular baby names.
D. The list that it releases is not very accurate.
 
 
2. Why are some names like “Gladys” called “old people names”?
A. Because they have been popular for a long time.
B. Because young people never have these names.
C. Because they were popular many decades ago.
D. Because they are preferred by the elderly. 
 
3. What does the last paragraph tell us?
A. Popular names mainly come from pop culture.
B. Popular names can help films become successful.
C. The most popular names in history are John and Jane.
D. Baby names may be inspired by pop culture.
 
4. What do we know from the story?
A. People in the US usually pick names for their kids from a list.
B. Rare and unusual names will be gradually forgotten.
C. “Wells” has become a less popular name since 2016.
D. Ordinary names can always be popular for a longer time.
 
 
Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 我们必须在明晨五点以前将这条消息发布出去。
We have to _______ the news before 5 am
tomorrow.
2. 我们都应该给自己时间好好反思一下。
We should all give ourselves time to _______.
3. 20世纪80年代是有史以来最热的十年。
The 1980s were the hottest ______ on record. 
 
 
Post-reading
1. Is your English name on this list?
2. Do you prefer ordinary names or unusual ones? Why do you have this preference?
 
 
 
答案与解析:
P2
1. A。从文中第一段第二句Chang’e 4 became the first space probe (探测器) in history to successfully land on the far side of the moon和第三段第一、二句Chang’e 4 has sent back photos of the far side of the moon. It is also being used to carry out experiments可以得知嫦娥四号探测器成功在月球背面着陆并传回地面月背影像图,进而转入科学探测阶段。答案选A。
 
2. C。 由文章第四段第一句 The success of the Chang’e 4 mission is a major achievement for China’s space program. 可以得知it指的是前一句话,嫦娥四号任务的圆满成功标志我国深空探测工程将全面拉开序幕。答案为C。
 
3. C。从文章第五段最后一句sample returning” – referring to launching probes that could circle around the moon, touch down on its surface and bring lunar materials back to Earth.
和第六段第二句The third will be achieved during the Chang’e 5 mission (任务)。可以得知我国探月计划的第三个目标是月面采样返回,这个任务将由嫦娥五号完成。故答案为C。
 
4. D。从文章的最后一段最后一句China’s first Mars mission is expected to be carried out by 2020. 可以得知中国首次火星探测任务将在2020年进行。故答案为D。 
 
Word in use
1. achieved   2. set   3. carry out
 
 
P3:
1. B。 从第一段最后一句 she can fly a plane. 可以得知Ellie Carter 可以自己驾驶飞机。故答案为B。
 
2. C。从文章第三段第二句 She wrote to the organizers of the Royal International Air Tattoo the world’s largest military air show, to ask if a U-2 spy plane could be included in the event. 可以得知Ellie写信给英国皇家国际航空展示会是为了询问U-2侦察机能不能参加飞行展。故答案为C。
 
3. C。从文章最后一段最后一句I am very lucky to do what I do可以得知Ellie认为她很幸运可以驾驶飞机,做她一直想做的事。故答案为C。
 
4. D。文章的第二段第一句Carter became the youngest solo glider pilot on her 14th birthday. 以及下文内容,可以得知本文的主旨是讲Ellie如何成为最年轻的单飞滑翔机飞行员的。故答案为D。
 
Word in use
1. due to   2. at least   3. save up
 
 
P4
1. A。文中第一段第一句Each year, the US Social Security Administration releases a list of the most popular baby names of the year. 可以得知美国社会保障局每年都会发布一份年度最受欢迎婴儿名字的名单。故答案为A。
 
2. C。从文章中第二段第二句names such as Dorothy and Margaret (for girls) and Harold and Walter (for boys) were popular in the 1910s. 可以得知这些名字之所以被称之为老人们的名字是因为这些名字在20世纪是最受欢迎的名字。故答案为C。
 
3. D。从文章倒数第一段第一句Even pop culture can influence how popular names become.可以得知甚至流行文化也会影响名字的流行程度。故答案为D。
 
4. D。从文章最后一段最后一句 it’s ordinary names like John and Jane that have always been popular and probably always will be.可以得知像John和Jane这样的名字一直很受欢迎,而且可能会一直很受欢迎。故答案为D。
 
Word in use
1. release   2. reflect   3. decade
 
 

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