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初三教案 第591期
发布时间:2019-04-22

 

初三18-19年第35期总第591期
Long hours, little pay (P2)
Pre-reading
1. How many hours do your parents work every day?
How about your teachers?
2. Have you heard about the “996” work schedule?
 
 
 
While reading
 
1. The “996” work schedule requires a person to work _____.
A. 9 hours a day B. 18 hours a day
C. 54 hours a week    D. 72 hours a week
 
2. Why do many workers complain about this schedule?
A. Because they have no time to go to the hospital.
B. Because their health has been affected. 
C. Because they don’t get enough pay.
D. Because they can’t work efficiently.
 
3. According to People’s Daily, bosses _____.
A. worked “996” to achieve their success
B. should support the “996” work schedule
C. understand the value of hard work better than workers
D. shouldn’t force employees to work overtime
 
4. What do we know from the story?
A. “996.ICU” was set up to help workers get overtime pay.
B. It is illegal to force workers to work “996”. 
C. It’s necessary for young workers to work “996”.
D. Working “996” is a common problem in China.
 
 
Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
1. We have nothing to _________ (抱怨) about.
2. How do you like our _________(安排)?
3. She couldn't sleep _________ (由于) the pressure.
 
 
 
Post-reading
Debate:
Do you agree that young workers should work “996” or even
more hours a day to achieve success?
 
 
Dealing with phones in my class (P5)
Pre-reading
1. Do you have a smartphone?
2. Where do you put your phone when you’re in class?
3. Have you ever played with your phone in class?
 
 
While reading
1. As a university teacher, the author _____.
A. treated his students like young adults
B. used to shout at his students
C. failed his students who played with their phones
D. supported the idea of banning smartphones in schools
 
2. Paragraph 2 is mainly about _____.
A. what students looked at on their phones
B. how students used their phones in the author’s class
C. how the author reacted to his students’ behavior
D. why students should not use phones in class
 
3. How did the author adjust to the situation?
A. He took his students’ phones away before class.
B. He talked to students who used their phones in class.
C. He forced his students to use pens and paper.
D. He designed activities to get more students to participate.
 
4. What is the author saying in the last paragraph?
A. Teachers feel upset when students misbehave.   
B. Smartphones should not be banned in universities. 
C. Many students are addicted to smartphones.
D. Smartphone addiction might have some deeper causes.
 
 
Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
 
1. It's rude to s _________ others.
2. My boss decided to a_________ the schedule so that everyone can take a few days off for vacation.
3. A smiling face is a s__________ of happiness.
 
 
Post-reading
1. Why do you think young people use their smartphones so much? Is it a sign of loneliness or depression?
2. What advice can you offer to people who are addicted to their smartphones?
 
 
 
How much sleep? (P6)
Pre-reading
1. How many hours do you sleep each night?
2. How do you usually feel if you don’t get enough sleep?
 
 
While reading
1. What did the study on fruit flies show?
A. Flies need 72 minutes of sleep every day.
B. Getting less sleep doesn’t seem to affect the flies’ lifespans.
C. Female flies sleep less than male flies.
D. Sleep is as necessary for animals as it is for humans.
 
2. The purpose of Paragraph 3 is to _____.
A. list the differences between humans and flies
B. describe another study by the Sleep Foundation
C. explain why sleep is important to humans
D. show the similarities between flies and humans
 
3. What do we know from the story?
A. Scientists still aren’t sure how much sleep we need.
B. Humans need more sleep than animals.
C. Sleeplessness can lead to death.
D. Not all animals need sleep.
 
4. The word “essential” in the last paragraph probably means _____.
A. 正常的         B. 必要的          C. 普遍的         D. 多变的
 
 
Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 他从疾病中恢复过来了。
   He ______________ from his illness.         
2. 每年都有很多人死于癌症。
   Many people ________ cancer each year.
3. 我很想知道他为什么根本就不想睡觉.
   I really _______ why he doesn't want to sleep _______.
 
 
Post-reading
1. If you were asked to do a research project about sleep, which aspect of sleep would you focus on?
 
 
 
答案与解析:
P2
1. D。从文中第一段第三句 They follow what is called the “996” work schedule – starting work at 9 am and finishing at 9 pm, six days a week. 可以得知“996”工作制是每天工作12小时,每周工作六天,即72小时。故答案为 D。
 
2. B。由文章第三段第三句 I couldn’t sleep due to the pressure. So, I quit (辞职) 可以得知员工的健康受到了影响。故答案为B。
 
3. D。由文章第六段,第二句 In an article in People’s Daily, one writer said “valuing hard work does not justify (合理化) forcing employees to work overtime.” 可以得知,肯定努力工作的意义并不代表强迫雇员加班工做是合理的。故答案为D。
 
4. B。从文章第二段最后一句  Most “996” workers do not receive overtime pay. 大多数996雇员并没有拿到额外的收入。可知 A不正确。从文章第二段第三句 This work schedule is common at Chinese tech companies like Baidu, Alibaba and Huawei, Global Times reported. 可知“996”工作制只是在科技公司很普遍。所以 D 不对。从文章最后一段第一句 Cui Zhendong, a lawyer with the Yiqian Law Firm in Zhengzhou, told China Daily that it is illegal (违法的) to use a compulsory (强制的) “996” work schedule. 可知强制员工 “996” 工作是违法的。故答案为 B。
 
 
Word in use
1. complain 2. schedule   3. due to
 
 
P5:
1. A。从第一段They were young adults. I didn’t want to take their property (财产), nor could I shout at them. 可以得知作者老师把他的学生们当作成年人来对待。故答案为A。
 
2. B。从文章第二段Some students were polite, using their phones between activities. Others would rudely text (发短信) their friends during lessons, sometimes even while I talked to them individually (单独地) .一些学生在活动中间使用手机,一些人在上课时发短信。可得知作者在描写学生在他的课堂上是如何使用手机的。故答案为B。
 
3. D。从文章第五段第一句I designed activities to force more participation, using pens and paper and moving around the room to talk to classmates.可得知这是作者调整自己课堂的措施。他设计了很多活动让更多的学生参与其中,更多的使用笔和纸张,更多的讨论。故答案为D。
 
4. D。从文章最后一段的第一句 Phones might not be the biggest problem. 和最后一句, Maybe smart phone addiction (上瘾) at school is a sign of loneliness or depression (抑郁) – or a boring teacher. 可得知手机上瘾并不是最大的问题,手机上瘾可能是孤独,抑郁或者是老师上课无聊的标志。故答案为D, 手机上瘾可能是有更深层次的原因。
 
 
Word in use
1. shout at   2. adjust   3. sign
 
 
P6
1. B。从文中第二段第二句They found that flies that slept for very short periods of time – about 72 minutes a day – still lived about as long as flies that slept for normal amounts of time. 可知睡的很少的果蝇----一天72分钟活的时间仍然和正常睡眠时间的果蝇一样长。 故答案为B。
 
2. C。从文章中第三段第二句 According to the Sleep Foundation, sleep is when our bodies perform a lot of maintenance (维护), for example, repairing tissue (组织) and growing muscle.和第三句 Sleeping allows our bodies to recover from the stress we experience each day.可以得知睡眠对身体起到维护的作用,比如修复组织和促进肌肉生长。睡眠还可以帮助身体从每天的压力中恢复过来。都是在说睡眠的重要作用。故答案为C。
 
3. A。通过排除法。文章并没有比较人和动物的睡眠时间,故B不对。从文章第四段第二句话 No humans have died so far from staying awake for too long. 可知还没有人因为长时间不睡觉而死亡,故C选项不对。从文章第五段第一句话 Scientists have not yet found any animals that don’t sleep at all. 可知科学家到现在为止并没有发现不睡觉的动物。所以D不对。故答案为A。
 
4. B。从文章第五段第二句话 Even animals that only sleep for short periods are not completely sleepless.可知即便是睡眠很短的动物也不是不睡觉的。这表明了一定量的睡眠,即便很少,
也是不可缺少的,是必要的。故答案为B。
 
 
 
Word in use
1. recovered from   2. die from   3. wonder, at all
 
 
 
 
 

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