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初三教案 第611期
发布时间:2019-12-16

初三19-20学年第16期总第611

China passes PISA (P2)

Pre-reading

1. Do you get good grades in school?

2. Which subject do you do best in?

 

 

While reading

Choose the answer

1. What achievements did the mainland students make?

A. They won many international prizes.

B. They performed well on the 2018 PISA.

C. They helped the OECD organize the 2018 PISA.

D. They joined an international student organization.

 

2. PISA tests students’ ability to _____.

A. work with students from different cultures

B. learn new knowledge within a limited time

C. complete tasks while under stress

D. use their knowledge to solve problems

 

3. What does the report tell us about Chinese students?

A. Ten percent of them come from high-income families.

B. Their reading skills are the best among the three subjects.

C. They spend more time on their studies than students in other countries.

D. They feel more satisfied with their lives than other students.

 

4. What do we know from the story?

A. The next PISA will take place in 2022.

B. Hong Kong came in third place in the 2018 PISA.

C. Students should spend less than 44 hours a week in class.

D. Education reform is needed in China.

 

 

Words in use

根据首字母提示完成下列句子:

1. The pond m______ about 2 meters across.

2. The film's special effects are particularly i______.

3. The students paid close a______ to the teacher's lecture.

 

 

Post-reading

Have a think:

How can you improve your grades?

 

 

 

Building a solution (P3)

Pre-reading

1. Are you an observant (善于观察的) person?

2. Do you often solve problems by yourself?

 

 

While reading

Choose the answer

1. Gassler won a gold medal for _____.

A. curing her mother’s blindness

B. inventing a miniature camera

C. solving her mom’s “blind spot” problem

D. making a model of her family’s jeep

 

2. According to Gassler’s design, where will the driver see the blocked image?

A. On the windshield.

B. On the driver’s smartphone.

C. On the inside surface of the pillar.

D. On a screen outside of the windshield.

 

3. What happened when Gassler put her idea into practice?

A. She couldn’t place the camera in the right spot.

B. The camera couldn’t connect with the projector.

C. She found that one of the parts was lost. 

D. Problems with the projected image came up.

 

4. Which word would you use to describe Gassler?

A. Honest.             

B. Smart.

C. Friendly.           

D. Frustrated.

 

 

Words in use

根据中文提示完成下列句子:

1. 我从来不择席。

   I never ___________ sleeping in a strange place.

2. 我看他也没有什么高招。

   I don't think he can ___________ any clever moves.

3. 机器使人们有可能用较小的气力做较多的工作。

   Machines _____________ for people to do more work while using less energy.

 

 

Post-reading

Have a think:

When you are faced with a difficult problem, do you choose to work it out yourself or just give up?

 

 

 

Reading at high speed (P6)

Pre-reading

1. Do you like reading?

2. How long does it take you to read a whole novel?

 

 

While reading

Choose the answer

1. What does the word “dismiss” in the first paragraph mean?

A. 支持        B. 接受          C. 否定        D. 清除

 

2. According to Schotter, speed reading courses_____.

A. are just a way to make money

B. were widely accepted in 1959

C. were invented by a US president

D. are supported by real science

 

3. What is the purpose of Paragraph 4?

A. To explain what factors affect reading speed.

B. To explain why speed reading is impossible.

C. To describe the stages that reading involves.

D. To describe the parts of the brain that we use to read.

 

4. What do we know from the story?

A. Speed reading is not helpful for learning.

B. Skimming trains readers to focus on details.

C. A larger vocabulary can help readers read faster.  

D. There is little we can do to become faster readers.

 

 

Words in use

Fill in the blanks:

1. The drugs will _______ (加速) up her recovery.

2. He  _______ (只不过) used a little imagination.

3. Can you _______ (回想) exactly what happened?

 

 

Post-reading

Have a think:

Reading is an important part of learning. Do you have any suggestions that can help us read faster?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案与解析:

P2

1. B。从文中第一段They outperformed their peers in some of the world’s most developed countries and regions in reading, science and mathematics,可以得知中国内地的学生在2018年国际学生评估项目考试中胜过了世界上最发达国家和地区的同龄人,在阅读、科学和数学上取得了令人瞩目的成绩。故答案选B

 

2. D。由文章第三段第二句It measures how well 15-year-olds worldwide make use of their knowledge to solve problems.可以得知国际学生评估项目是衡量全世界15岁的青少年如何利用所学知识来解决问题的能力。即测试学生们能否掌握参与社会所需要的知识与技能。答案为D

 

3. C。从文章第六段However, the report also showed that Chinese students spend the longest time studying 可以得知报告指出中国学生在学习上花的时间比其他国家的学生多。故答案为C

 

4. D。从文章的最后一段One of the top priorities of China’s education reform is to cut students’ excessive workload可以得知PISA我国教育改革的首要任务之一是减轻学生的课业负担。上文中也提到学生学习时间长,幸福感不高,故答案为D

 

 

Word in use

1. measures

2. impressive

3. attention

 

 

P3

1. C。从第一段最后一句She came up with a miniature camera and other gadgetry, but the car’s “blind spot” still remained.和第二段第一句Gassler is no longer frustrated about this problem.可以得知Gassler赢得金牌是因为她想出用微型照相机和其他小设备来解决妈妈在驾驶汽车时车内视线“盲点”问题。故答案为C

 

2. C。从文章第四段The image would be sent to a projector that would show the image on the inside surface of the pillar. The driver could look at the pillar and see what was hidden behind it.可以得知车外的图像将被传送到投影仪投影仪将在车内柱子内表面显示图像。司机可以通过图像看到被柱子遮挡的事物。故答案为C

 

3. D。从文章第五段However, upon connecting the camera and projector via laptop, Gassler found that the projected image was too large.可以得知Gassler通过笔记本电脑连接投影仪后发现,投影图像太大了。同时下文也提到了图像延迟的问题。故答案为D

 

4. B文章的第六段第一句She kept thinking about the problem.以及下文内容可以得知Gassler遇到问题勤于思考并最终解决了问题很聪明。故答案为B

 

 

Words in use

 

1. have trouble                

2. come up with                 

3. make it possible

 

 

 

 

P6

1. C。从文章中第二段第一句Speed reading is not actually possible可以得知快速阅读实际上是不可能的。所以可推测dismiss的词义。故答案为C

 

2. A。从文章中第二段最后一句Schotter pointed out that people who claim that they can teach others how to speed read are usually doing it to make money by selling courses and books.

可以得知Schotter指出那些声称自己可以教别人快速阅读的人通常是通过出售课程和书籍来赚钱。故答案为A

 

3. B。从文章第四段最后一句It can’t be sped up.可以得知本段解释了快速阅读为什么是不可能的。故答案为B

 

4.C。从文章最后一段最后一句 Research suggests that you should try to improve your vocabulary and simply read more.可以得知研究表明,努力提高词汇量,以及大量阅读可以提高阅读者的阅读速度。故答案为C

 

 

Word in use

1. speed

2. simply 

3. recall

 


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