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高三教案 第701期
发布时间:2019-12-16

高三2019-2020学年度第16期总第701期教案

Arctic pic earns top prize (P4-5)
吉林省吉林毓文中学 刘媛 

I. Lead-in 
National Geographic has announced the winners of its 2019 Travel Photo Contest
Let’s enjoy some of the winning photos.  

First prize for Cities category

II. Scanning
When reading the title “Seeing the scene”, what do you think the article might be about?

III. Detailed reading
1. What does the picture Greenlandic Winter  focus on? 
2. Why is the place special in Chu’s eyes?
3. What ability is required to be a good travel photographer?
4. What can we learn from the fact that Chu shot many pictures with his phone instead of a camera?
(Answers: 
1. It focuses on a small fishing village in Greenland called Upernavik.
2. It was the beauty of the tranquil village that attracted his attention. 
3. The ability to identify amazing moments is a necessity for a good travel photographer.
4. He probably thinks both cameras and phones can record what he is seeing. They don’t make any difference.) 

IV. Post-reading
What is the essence of photography, according to Chu?
A good photographer should have the ability ________________.
To record what you are seeing, a camera _____________ other tools.
(Answers: to have an eye for beauty; is no different from)

V. Discussion
“To do a good job, one must first sharpen one’s tools.”
Do you approve of the old saying? Why?

VI. Language focus
1. There is an old saying in Chinese: “ To do a good job, one must first sharpen one’s tools.” 
sharpen    v. 磨快、使锋利、使尖锐
eg. The knife needs sharpening.
    The sea air sharpened our appetites.
    There is a need to sharpen the focus of the discussion. 

2. Haas told his students that they were too obsessed with cameras to understand the essence of photography.
obsess   v.  使痴迷;使迷恋;使着迷  (常用被动)
eg. He is obsessed by computers.
   The need to produce the most exciting newspaper story obsesses most journalists.  

3. … … covered by pure white ice and snow. 
pure   adj. 纯的、纯粹的、纯洁的、清白的
eg. Do we have no pure love?
    In remote regions, the air is pure and the crops are free of poisonous insecticides. 

4. Through my entire flight, I could only see the land, covered by pure white ice and snow. 
Please change the sentence into two sentences.
(Answer: Through my entire flight, I could only see the land. It was covered by pure white ice and snow. )
从这点我们可以判断: “covered” 修饰的是:_____
表达        a. 被动含义  b. 主动含义
所以它是    c. 过去分词  d. 现在分词 
(Answers: land; a; c)

5. In the end, it’s really the artist that makes a good painting, not the paintbrush.  
Who really makes a good painting?
此句用了强调句式,强调句子的主语the artist。该句式由it is … that … 构成。
用强调句式改写下面句子:
What matters is not what you do but how much love you have put into it. 
(Answer: t is not what you do but how much love you have put into it that matters. )

VII. Expressions
1. an old saying
2. when it comes to…
3. take first place
4. beyond one’s imagination
5. identify a “wow” moment
6. make a difference
7. be obsessed with
8. put emphasis on
9. be reluctant to 
(Answers:
1.习语、俗语
2.当提到……
3.获得一等奖
4.超出某人的想象
5.察觉令人惊叹的时刻
6.有差别
7.对……着迷
8.强调
9.对……不情愿)
 
VIII. Homework
Choose from the following:
•Have you ever had a “wow” moment? What was it? What did you see or feel? Write about it.
•Surf the internet for more information about this year’s National Geographic Travel Photo Contest. Write a 100-word passage about your favorite winning photo.  


Cleaning in your dreams (P6)
北京中学  李萍

I. Lead in   
Think and discuss:
Why do people take showers?
Do you believe that our brains produce waste too?
How can our brains clean themselves?

II. Pre-reading
Read the title “Cleaning in your dreams” and predict what will be talked about in the text.

Check your prediction
Read through the text and write down its main points.
 
III. While-reading
Read again and find out more detailed information.
 
III. Post-reading
Critical thinking:
 What are the similarities and differences of the two studies?

 What is writer’s purpose in writing this text?

 Where can you probably read this text?

IV. Language Focus
Useful expressions:
wash away
build up
instead of
be capable of
make room for
a large amount of
misunderstood diseases
play a role in…
be excited about sth.
based on

冲走
逐步建立
代替,而不是
能够
为……腾出空间
大量的
被误诊的疾病
在……中扮演角色
对……感到兴奋
基于……

Fill in the blanks with expressions from the article. 
1. It also explains why we can’t seem to think clearly after a sleepless night while a good night’s sleep leaves us sharp and _________.
Key: refreshed
refresh: to make sb feel less tired or less hot 使恢复精力;使凉爽
e.g. He refreshed himself with a cool shower.
他冲了个凉水澡凉快凉快。
refreshed: adj. 清爽的,神清气爽的
e.g. Once you are practiced at this sort of relaxation you will feel quite refreshed afterwards.  
一旦你熟悉了这种放松方式,在放松之后就会感到神清气爽。

2.    Researchers at Boston University, US, monitored the brain waves of 13 healthy adults who were sleeping, using accelerated fMRI, which __________ recording faster changes inside the brain than a regular fMRI machine.
Key: is capable of
美国波士顿大学的研究人员使用加速功能磁共振成像技术监测了13名正在睡觉的健康成年人的脑电波,与常规功能磁共振成像机器相比,该技术能够记录大脑内部更快的变化。
be capable of: 能够,胜任
e.g. Imagine what you'd be capable of if you just put your heart into it.  
只要你用心做,想象一下有什么你做不了的?

3. But the _______ fact that they are connected is exciting enough, since it allows researchers to piece together possible new explanations for misunderstood diseases.
Key: mere
但仅仅是它们相互联系的事实就足够令人兴奋了,因为它使研究人员能够拼凑出对误诊的疾病可能的新解释。
mere: used when you want to emphasize how small, unimportant, etc. sb/sth is 仅仅的;只不过
e.g. It took her a mere 20 minutes to win.
她只花了20分钟就赢了。

4. For example, slow-wave sleep has been proven to play a role in _________ our memories.
例如,慢波睡眠被证明在增强我们的记忆方面起到了一定的作用。 
Key: strengthening
strengthen: to become stronger; to make sb/sth stronger 加强;增强;巩固
e.g. The exercises are designed to strengthen your stomach muscles.
这些训练目的在于增强你的腹部肌肉。

Homework
Write a short summary of this text with no fewer than 60 words.


 


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