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高三教案 第703期
发布时间:2019-12-30

2019-2020学年度第18 期总第703期

Worrisome words of 2019 (P1)
太原市外国语学校  王丽媛

Lead-in 
What are the most important words for you in 2019? Why? 
The Spring Festival is coming. Do you feel cold this winter? What was the winter like in your childhood? Has the climate changed a lot over the past decade?

Have you ever worried about the current climate or the greenhouse effect? If yes, when did you begin to pay attention to it? For what reasons?  

Fast reading 
1.    Which of the following are mentioned in the text?
A. The “words of the year” reflect the ethos of the passing year.
B. The “words of the year” mirror the heightened public awareness of damage caused by climate change. 
C. An effective solution to the climate crisis has been found.  

Key: AB

2. Divide the text into several parts and work out the main idea of each part.
Part 1 (Para.1-3) Introducing the three words of the year.

Part 2 (Para. 4-8) The heightened public awareness of climate change. 

Part 3 (Para. 9-11) Urgent actions needed for climate change


Detailed reading 
Para.1-3
1. What are the “words of the year” for 2019? What do they have in common?
The “words of the year” for 2019 are 
“climate emergency”, “climate strike” and “upcycling”  as chosen by the Oxford, Collins and Cambridge dictionaries. 
They were chosen to reflect the ethos of the passing year.

2. What do the “words of the year” mean respectively?
“Climate emergency” means a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce climate change.
 “Climate strike” refers to people leaving work or school as a way to demand action on climate change. 
 “Upcycling” is defined as the activity of making new items out of old or used things to reduce waste.


Para.4-8
What do the “words of the year” for 2019 mirror?
The words mirror the heightened public awareness of damage caused by climate change.

How many different media outlets are quoted to show that the public is increasingly aware of the damage caused by climate change? Which media are quoted?
Four classic media are quoted. They are CNN, the Lancet Journal, Time and the New York Times.

To illustrate that climate change is indeed a crisis for ordinary people, which city is cited as an example by Time magazine?
Venice, an Italian city, was cited as an example. Due to climate change, 2019 saw Venice experience its worst flooding in 50 years.


Why does the author think that 2019 may be the turning point? 
Because in 2019, we learned the urgent fact that the delicate ______ of ______ is going to be disturbed _______ repair.

Key: balance, nature, beyond

Para. 9-11
What can we do to slow climate change?  
•It depends on ________ to ________ and find ________.
•We need to take ____ and _______ action now.
Key: governments, cooperate, solutions; rapid, dramatic

Why is it now time for all of us to protect our precious Earth?
• Otherwise, the climate crisis will spiral ________ out of ______.
• There is ____ Planet B.
Key: dangerously, control, no

Post-reading
Are you worried about the current climate change now? 

Discussion
Work in groups and share your ideas.
We are facing a climate emergency now, which brings us not only food shortages, 
infectious diseases, floods and extreme heat, but also multiple and lifelong health risks. 
What do you think of the problem?
What impacts has it brought to you? 
Do you think it is urgent to deal with climate change? 
What shall be done to improve the situation? 
What have you done to better the situation? 
What would you do from now on to protect Earth?

Mini-composition
Write a composition on Climate Emergency with no more than 100 words according to your group discussion. 

Language focus
1.Taken together, the most important words of 2019 – those designated (选定) by leading dictionaries as their “words of the year” – tell a story. 
Taken在句中是过去分词作状语,与主语the most important words of 2019 之间形成被动关系; 
破折号之间呈现的是同位语,对the most important words of 2019 作同位说明; 
释义:总的来说,2019年最重要的词——那些被各大主要字典选定的“年度词汇”,向我们讲述着同一个故事。

2. The words, to some extent, mirror the heightened public awareness of damage caused by climate change.  
caused在句中是过去分词作定语,与所修饰的名词damage之间是被动关系; 
释义:在某种程度上,这些话反映了公众对气候变化造成的损害的高度认识。

3. Generation Z, which the Pew Research Center defines as those who are currently aged 14-22, are inheriting a world nearing its “point of no return”, CNN noted. 
which引导定语从句,修饰先行词Generation Z;
who引导定语从句,修饰先行词those 。
释义:据美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)报道,“Z一代”(Generation Z)要继承的世界已临近不可逆转状态。这代人即皮尤研究中心(Pew Research Center)所定义的目前年龄在14岁至22岁之间的人群。

4. A child born today faces multiple and lifelong health risks from climate change, growing up in a warmer world with food shortages, infectious diseases, floods and extreme heat, according to The Lancet Journal.
growing up在句中是现在分词作状语,与主语a child born today之间是主动、进行的关系; 
释义:据《柳叶刀》(Lancet)杂志报道,气候变化给目前出生的儿童带来多种终身健康风险,他们生长在一个食物短缺、传染病流行、伴随洪水和酷热的日渐升温的世界里。

5. The year 2019 may be the turning point, when we can see that the delicate balance of nature is going to be disturbed beyond repair. 
when引导定语从句,修饰先行词the turning point。 
释义: 2019年可能是个转折点。在这个转折点上,我们可以看到,脆弱的自然平衡会被扰乱到无法修复。


2019-2020学年度第18期总第703期
Making new trails (P4-5)
北京中学  李萍

I. Lead in   
Why do we travel?
Some reasons:
Makes some friends, find ourselves, open our heart, release pressure, increase knowledge ...

The world is a book, and those who do not travel, read only one page.  
                                                   ——St. Augustine

Which one do you prefer, traveling in a group or traveling alone? Why?
Have you experienced any unusual trips?

II. While-reading
Making new trails
Read through the text, and try to explain what the title and the three subtitles mean.
Solo travel—travel by yourself, and you are the boss of yourself.
Augmented attractions—travelling by using AR or VR.
Getting off the beaten path—Traveling in less crowded places.

Read through the text and write down the main points of three ways of travel.

Answer: 
1.    You are the boss of everything, choosing wherever you want to go, whatever you’re eager to eat, and whenever you go out. 
2.    It opens up your mind, pushes you out of your comfort zone, makes you more confident and makes you ready to tackle anything.
3.    With ever-improving headsets, smartphones and Wifi connections, you can experience museums, theme parks and historical sites at home.
4.    It costs much less than traditional travel. AR technology offers people more context and information about exhibits.
5.    Take a walk, ride a bike, sip coffee a little slower, take a deep breath and explore some less famous places.
6.    It is much less crowded, which lets people slow down and notice the little things.

III. Deeper thinking:
How do you understand the title “Making new trails”?
What is the writer’s purpose in writing this text?
Among the three ways of travel, which one appeals to you most? Why?
Can you come up with any more ways of unusual travel?

IV. Language Focus  
1.seem to be  
2. avoid loneliness
3. on your own
4. open your mind
5. comfort zone
6. allow sb to do sth
7. must-see spots
8. in order to
9. enjoy this masterpiece

1. For some people, it also unleashes a better, more confident person, ready to tackle anything.
对一些人来说,这也释放出一个更好、更自信的人,一个准备好应对任何事情的人。
 tackle: v. to make a determined effort to deal with a difficult problem or situation 应付,处理,解决(难题或局面)
e.g. The first reason to tackle these problems is to save children's lives. 
拓展积累:solve, deal with, handle

2. With that, visitors can view a sea cow growing flesh before their eyes.

View: v. to watch something 看,观看
There’s a special area at the airport where you can view aircraft taking off and landing.

However, with crowds blocking your view of Mona Lisa to take pictures with their phones, you may not be able to enjoy this masterpiece.
view:  n. what you can see from a particular place, or the ability to see from a particular place 景象,视野
Don't stand in front of me - you're blocking my view of the stage.

IV. Grammar Focus
1. In 2019, NASA provided a VR experience of Mars, allowing people to “walk” its surface with just a headset. 
allowing …作状语

2. With that, visitors can view a sea cow growing flesh before their eyes. 
growing … 作宾语补足语

3. However, with crowds blocking your view of Mona Lisa to take pictures with their phones, you may not be able to enjoy this masterpiece.
blocking …作宾语补足语,blocking与crowds在逻辑上是主谓关系

4. With less transportation and fewer things to do, hitting up small towns lets people slow down and notice the little things.
hitting up small towns作主语

V. Homework
Write a passage about your favorite way of travel as well as the reasons.


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