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初二教案 第686期
发布时间:2020-02-17

26/686期初二教案

俞佳智

 

 

From bats to our bodies (P4-5)

                                                                                                      

 

I. Pre-reading

Coronavirus in China presents new crisis. Do you know where the coronavirus comes from?

 

 

II. While Reading

Choose the answer:

1. According to scientists, humans might get infected with COVID-19 from _____.

A. pangolins         B. snakes

C. hedgehogs        D. bamboo rats

 

2. According to the story, what lesson should humans learn?

A. Research more about wild animals.

B. Exercise regularly to stay healthy.

C. Stop keeping animals as pets.

D. Don’t buy or eat wild animals.

 

3. Why can bats host many viruses without getting sick?

A. Because these viruses are not deadly.

B. Because they have special immune systems.

C. Because bats can keep the viruses in balance.

D. Because they can spread the viruses to other animals.

 

 

III. Post-reading

What can we do to stop others from eating wild animals?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diseases from the past can still teach us today (P4)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

1. What do you know about novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) 新冠状病毒肺炎?

2. Do you know any other diseases caused by coronaviruses (冠状病毒)?

 

 

II. While Reading

Choose the answer:

1. From the story, we know that SARS _____.

A. is also caused by a type of coronavirus

B. is the deadliest virus in the world

C. only affected China in 2003

D. killed around 5,000 people

 

2. What do we know about MERS?

A. MERS doesn’t affect old people.

B. No people died from MERS.

C. MERS affected more people than SARS.

D. MERS has a higher mortality rate than SARS

 

3. To fight against NCP, according to Li Bin, China _____.

A. is putting more money into medical research

B. is seeking international help and cooperation

C. is developing a vaccine to treat NCP

D. is learning from other countries’ experience

 

III. Post-reading

1. What can diseases from the past teach us?

2. What can we learn from fighting NCP?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sad days for sports fans (P7)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

1. What were you doing when you heard about Kobe Bryant's death?

2. How did you feel at that time?

 

II. While reading

Choose the answer:

1. Kobe Bryant died while he was _____.

A. sending his daughter to school

B. playing basketball

C. riding in a helicopter

D. driving a car

 

2. Bryant’s “Mamba Mentality” shows that he was _____.

a. hardworking

b. competitive

c. successful

d. focusing

A. abc                B. abd        

C. acd                D. bcd

 

3. What else do we know about Bryant?

A. He was the only one who died in the accident.

B. He was successful in many fields.

C. He was the best basketball player ever.

D. Not many people have focused on his death.

 

4. How does the author feel about Bryant’s death?

A. Bored.            B. Sad.

C. Inspired.        D. Grateful.

 

III. Post-reading

1. The author says “the work Kobe Bryant has done will keep inspiring us years after his death.” Do you agree?

2. If yes, how will Bryant keep inspiring you?

3. If not, who else inspires you?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wait until later before you cut your hair this year (P7)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

1. What are some common Spring Festival traditions?

2. Do you know of any taboos (禁忌) that are related to the first month of the lunar year?

 

II. While reading

Choose the answer:

1. In ancient times, people believed cutting their hair during the first lunar month ____.

A. would make the Dragon King angry

B. would cause their mothers’ brothers to die

C. would bring them bad luck

D. would cost them more than usual

 

2. The underlined word “flock” probably means _____.

A. gather

B. refuse

C. forget

D. disagree

 

3. Paragraph 3 in the answer part mainly tells us _____.

A. people’s expectations for rainfall in ancient China

B. that dragons stand for good luck in Chinese culture

C. about the relationship between Dragon Head-raising Day and hair cutting

D. the traditional meaning of Dragon Head-raising Day

 

4. What do we know about Dragon Head-raising Day from the story?

A. People eat dragons to celebrate the holiday.

B. Young people don’t celebrate the holiday

C. People visit their uncles during the holiday.

D. It is seen as the start of spring.

 

III. Post-reading

1. Do you follow the tradition of cutting your hair on Dragon Head-raising Day?

2. Why or why not?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

参考答案及解析

P4-5

II. 1. 正确答案A

正文第二段提到“Scientists have found that the virus likely came from bats and was then spread to humans from pangolins (穿山甲)”,可知病毒很可能是从蝙蝠传播到穿山甲身上后,再传给人类的,所以选A

2. 正确答案D

文章第三段首句提到“There have been calls for people to stop eating wild animals.”,呼吁人们停止捕食野生动物,随后还讲解了接触野生动物的危害性,所以选D

3. 正确答案B

文章Why are bats the source of so many viruses?这一部分的第五条讲到“Bats have special immune (免疫的) systems that allow them to live with viruses without getting sick. ”,可知蝙蝠拥有特殊的免疫系统,因此蝙蝠不会感染病毒,所以选B

 

P4

II. 1. 正确答案A

文章第12两段主要介绍了SARS。由第二段第一句话“Just like NCP, SARS is caused by a type of coronavirus...”得出A正确。B错误在于deadliest, SARS不是最致命的病毒。C错误在于SARS不仅仅影响了中国,也影响了其它国家,且也不只在03年。仅在中国有5000多人感染SARS,但死亡数并没有这么多,因此D也错误。

2. 正确答案D

第三段介绍了MERS“Although this disease affected far fewer people than SARS ... giving it a morality rate of 34 percent...” 虽然MERS受感染的病例比SARS的少得多,但它的致死率有34% (前面第二段提到SARS致死率约10%)

3. 正确答案 B

Li Bin的话出现在最后一段。“Li Bin...told reporters that Beijing is now sharing all relevant data on NCP with international organization, including WHO.” 这句话体现了B选项的意思,中国寻求国际帮助与合作。

 

P7

II. 1. 正确答案B

文章Answer的第一段写明:“Tradition says that doing so will cause your mother's brothers to die. ” “Doing so”指的是“cutting hair during the first lunar month”这件事。

2. 正确答案A

Answer部分第二段“So, after a month's wait, people usually flock to cut their hair ...” 一个月的等待之后,人们肯定迫不及待要去剪头。而且后面还写道 “It was once tradition to line up outside of barber shops...”。根据上下文推测flockgather一样,有聚集的意思。

3. 正确答案D

Answer部分的第三段指出Dragon Head-raising Day是中国重要传统节日之一。古人认为那一天之后雨水增多,会唤醒沉睡的龙王。所以这一天是春天和农耕的开始。这些都体现了二月二的传统意义“traditional meaning”

4. 正确答案D


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