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高三教案 总第710期
发布时间:2020-03-09

2019-2020学年度第29期总第710期

Worldwide defense (P6)
江苏省宜兴中学   张 旻

Lead-in 
What happened in China ? 
What are changes to our life after the outbreak of the novel coronavirus? 
What measures have been taken to fight against the epidemic? 

Fast reading 
1. Divide the text into several parts and work out the main idea of each segment.
Part 1 (Para.1)      Introducing the outbreak of the novel coronavirus.
Part 2 (Para. 2-4)     Joint efforts are taken to fight against the epidemic. 
Part 3 (Para.5-7)      The openness in science helps it adapt for the better.

Detailed reading 
Para.1 
1. What are the main things the epidemic has caused? 
Cities are locked down and borders are closed.
Science is becoming more open to fight against it.

Para. 2-4 
2. What are mentioned as the examples of “open science” in this part? 
(1)A research team from Fudan University placed the sequences of the virus onto an open access data platform.
(2) Major drug companies share their study results. 

3. Why did Chinse scientists share their study results? 
Because researchers around the world could download them for free and work simultaneously to develop the vaccine. 

4. What if they kept the information to themselves? 
The research process could be delayed and the chance of defeating the virus would be lessened. 

Para.5-7 
4. Why is openness going to be more crucial in the future? 
With __________, _________________ and____________,__________ will not go away.
climate change,increasing globalization,population shifts,epidemics 
 
5. What is essential to fight against epidemics according to Dan Barouch?  
Coordination.

6.  What is the benefit of the openness in science according to the text?   
It gives the world a greater sense of readiness to develop knowledge, drugs, and therapeutics very rapidly.

Post-reading
Are you worried about the epidemics now? 

Discussion
Work in groups and share your ideas about how to win the war against the novel coronavirus. 

Mini-composition 
Write a summary on “worldwide defense” according to your group discussion.
Despite the fact that people’s normal lives are being threatened by the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, more and more researchers are sharing their study results on open platform sites, which helps science to adapt for the better. 

Language focus
1. The bigger menu we have of vaccines, the more resilient we’ll be against coronavirus outbreaks in the future.
  比较状语从句。 
  翻译:延误治疗的时间越长,效果越差。 
The longer the treatment is delayed, the worse the effect will be.
释义:我们拥有的疫苗样本越大,我们在未来抵御冠状病毒爆发的能力就越强。 

2. Currently, two trials of the drug are already underway in China, and the results might be available as soon as April, according to The Verge.
be underway :   正在进行中 
under way: 在路上 ( on the way ) 
释义:目前,该药在中国已经进行了两次试验,据Verge称,最快4月份可能会有结果。

3. No one group can do everything. 
  = One group can not do everything.
 语气上,用No one 开头起到强调作用,表达的意思更加坚定。 
释义 :单靠一个团队是难以有所作为的。
翻译:他的音乐才能使无人能匹敌的。
No one can equal him in music. 

4. But I do think that the world has a greater sense of readiness this time to develop knowledge, drugs, and therapeutics (疗法) very rapidly.
Do +动词原形,语气上起到强调作用。 
Have a sense of readiness:做好了准备
释义:但我确实认为,这一次,世界对迅速发展知识、药物和治疗学有了更好的准备。


Roaming the moon (P7)
江苏省宜兴中学   张 旻

Lead-in 
What is it ? 
 

Can you make a guess what will be talked about in this passage according to the news titles below? 
 

Try to match the meaning of words with the right translation  
 
Key:
 

Fast reading 
Go through passage quickly and find out the answers to the question below.
What are the researchers’ new findings according to the passage?
The lunar soil’s top layer was much thicker than expected and the subsurface material is totally different. 

Detailed reading 
1. What is the significance of china’s Chang’e 4 spacecraft?
It is the first time a spacecraft has landed on the far side of the moon.

2. What is special about Lunar Penetrating Radar? 
Its radio signals can reach 40 meters underground, which is 3 times the depth of Chang’e 3. 

3. What is the main finding of their study? 
The lunar soil’s top layer on the far side of the moon was much ______ than expected – about _________. 
thicker, 40 meters 

4. What are the differences between the landing sites of Chang’e 3 and Chang’e 4? 
1)The size of Chang’e 4’s landing site is much ________ than that of Chang’e 3.
2)_____________are detected beneath Chang’e 4 surface, including ____________、________、____________________. 

Key:
 

5. What is the significance of their new findings? 
It helps scientists to gain a new understanding of the moon’s history and formation, as well as volcanic activity and lunar impacts.

6. What is China’s next stop for lunar exploration?  
China plans to launch the Chang’e 5 probe to bring pieces of the moon back to Earth for closer study.

Post-reading
What discoveries do you think we will make on the moon? 

Discussion
Work in groups and share your ideas about the benefits of exploring space. 
 

Language focus
1. These radio signals can reach 40 meters underground, three times the depth of the Chang’e 3 lunar probe which launched in 2013 on the near side of the moon, China Daily reported.u 
 倍数关系表达方式:倍数+名词 
 翻译:地球的体积是月球的 49 倍。 
The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 
释义 : 据《中国日报》报道,这些无线电信号可达地下40米,是2013年登陆月球近端的“嫦娥三号”探测器穿透深度的三倍。

2. It’s part of an even larger, older crater spanning more than 1,770 kilometers. 
spanning …作后置定语,修饰 an even larger, older crater。 
span: v. 横跨; 跨越  n.跨度;一段时间 
翻译 :这些电池的寿命为6小时。 
The batteries had a life span of six hours.  
释义 :它是一个更大、更古老的陨石坑的一部分,该陨石坑占地超过1770公里。 

3. This information is helping scientists to gain a new understanding of the moon’s history and formation, as well as volcanic activity and lunar impacts. 
释义 :这些信息有助于科学家对月球的历史和形成,以及火山活动和月球撞击有新的了解。
as well as 用来表示同级比较,指“一样好”。如: You look as well as you did ten years ago. 
as well常用作状语,作“又;也”解,相当于too或also,常位于句末,无须用逗号与句子分开。 
as well也可以与may/might连用,may/might as well do sth表示“不妨做某事,还是做某事为好” 

翻译: 
1. 天气太坏了,早知道如此,倒不如呆在家里为好。 
The weather was so bad that we might (just) as well have stayed at home.  

2. 我要到伦敦去,我妹妹也要去。 
I am going to London and my sister is going as well. 

3. 你的身体看起来还和十年前一样好。 
You look as well as you did ten years ago. 
 


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