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高中    高一    高二    高三     |     初中    初一    初二    初三     |     小学         |     画刊    
高一教案 第792期
发布时间:2020-05-11

2019-2020学年度第39期总第792期
Searching for alien lifeforms (P4-5)
河北师大附中  赵乃平

Lead-in
Do you know about the film E.T.?

What is the film E.T. about?
A troubled child gets the courage to help a friendly alien escape from Earth and return to his home planet.

Do you believe aliens exist somewhere in outer space?

Skimming

What is the text mainly about?
A. Extraterrestrial intelligence (ET).
B. New discoveries about space.
C. FAST used for searching for ET.
D. The nearest planet to Earth.

Detailed reading

What news about FAST was released on April 28?
FAST set out to search for extraterrestrial intelligence(ET).

What was some netizens’ response to the news? Why?
They showed concern about it. Because they feared that more advanced life from outer space would invade the Earth.

Why is there no need to worry about it?
Only one in 90 planets discovered is likely to support life.

Of these planets, the nearest one is too far away for life to each us in the near future.
 
What is stated in the Great Filter theory?
There is little chance for extraterrestrial life to evolve into _______________ or a _____________.
Due to the extremely long distance, getting to Earth would take at least __________ years. 
(Answer: higher intelligence; civilization; millions of)

What does FAST do?
It is mankind’s most sensitive radio telescope, which can best distinguish man-made signals from ET-made signals. It collects information that can help scientists discover new stars or planets.

What is the significance of FAST to China?
It is a symbol of China’s advanced technology in astronomy and the study of the universe.

Language focus

Phrases

be curious of
search for
embark on
be capable of
at the speed of
lead to
advanced technology

(Answer: 对……好奇
寻找
着手于,开始
能够
以……速度
通向;导致
先进技术)

Sentences

1. So is Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST), China’s mega-science (大科学) project and the world’s largest single-dish radio telescope.

释义:500米米口径球面射电望远镜——中国的大科学计划和世界最大单口径射电望远镜——也是如此。

So + 助动词/be动词/情态动词 + 主语 
          倒装句,表示“……也如此”

– I heard Mike will study abroad next year.
– So will my brother.

比较:
 So + 助动词/be动词/情态动词 + 主语   ……也一样
 So + 主语  + 助动词/be动词/情态动词  ……确实如此
 
 – He studies hard at school.
 – So he does. And so do you.    

另外:
Neither/Nor+ 助动词/be动词/情态动词 + 主语   ……也不……
Li Lei can’t play the piano.  Neither can Lucy.

– My  parents never stop going on about how I should study hard.
– ________.
A. So my parents do B. Nor my parents do
C. Nor do my parents D. So do my parents

– He is good at swimming.
– ________. He swims the best in our class.
A. So he is                                      B. So is he   
C. So he does                                D. So does he

2. And whatever it achieves is the best evidence of China’s advanced technology in astronomy (天文学) and the study of the universe.
释义:它所取得的任何成就都是中国天文学和宇宙研究先进技术的最好证明。

whatever it achieves引导名词性从句,作主语,此处whatever, 相当于 anything that …;whatever也可以引导状语从句,相当于no matter what。
 
We will do whatever is necessary to stop them. 宾语从句
Whatever he said sounds reasonable. 主语从句
Whatever/No matter what happens, we will stand by your side.

归纳:
whatever 既可引导名词性从句,也可引导状语从句
no matter what只能引导状语从句

It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants.
A.whatever     B.no matter what 
C.anything what   D.whenever

____ happens, the most important thing is to keep cool.
A.Whatever     B.No matter what 
C.Anything what   D.Whichever


2019-2020学年度第39期总第792期
Mapping the moon (P6)
吉林毓文中学  王荟娟

Lead-in
How much do you know about the moon?
Have you ever observed the moon through a telescope?
What does the moon look like through a telescope?

Skimming
What is the article mainly about?
The first-ever comprehensive geologic map of the moon.

Read for structure

 

Detailed reading
Para 1: The brief introduction of the map.

1. What is the distinction of the newly-made map?
It is the first-ever comprehensive geologic map of the moon, and it is quite colorful.

Para 2: The features of the map.
1. What is the name of the map?
Unified Geologic Map of the Moon

2. How many units and categories are there in the map?
It consists of 43 geologic units across the entire lunar surface, which can be classified into six categories.

3. Why is the map marked with different colors ?
To show the different geological structures and different age periods of the moon. For example, the bright pink indicates the craters caused by asteroid impacts.

Para 3-4: The effort in making the map.

1. How was the new map completed?
The new map was put together by combining six other geologic maps of different sides of the moon.

2. What challenges did the team meet to complete the new map?
The Apollo-era lunar maps were in paper format and early digitized versions did not match updated and more accurate images.
Much of the historical mapping was performed by various groups and at regional scales.

Para 5-6: The significance of the map.
1. What is the significance of the map?

 

Understanding sentences

1. Named the “Unified Geologic Map of the Moon”, it consists of 43 geologic units across the entire lunar surface, which can be classified into six categories including basins and volcanic units.
      本句中Named the “Unified Geologic Map of the Moon”,为____________,表示________,翻译为__________。
     本句中 which can be classified into six categories为________,修饰先行词___________。

2. For example, the bright pink that covers a large area of the map indicates the craters caused by asteroid impacts, which gave the moon its rough surface, according to Science Daily.
     本句中 that covers a large area of the map为_________,修饰先行词__________,caused by asteroid 为_________________,修饰______,
 which gave the moon its rough surface为_______,修饰先行词___________.
本句的主干为:The bright pink indicates the craters.

3. However, the Apollo-era lunar maps were in paper format and early digitized versions did not match updated and more accurate images, making the project challenging.
     本句中 making the project challenging, 为_____________,表示_____________。
 eg. His parents died, leaving him an orphan.
      There is mud and water everywhere, making it
      difficult to travel from place to place.

Words
1. astronomer
2. comprehensive
3. category
4. asteroid
5. mission
6. lunar
7. satellite
8. combine
9. regional
10. astronaut

Answer:
 

1. various (adj.)--_______(v.)
2. observe (v.)--_________(n.)
3. challenging (adj.)--______(n.)
4. historical (adj.)--_____(n.)
5. geologic (adj.)--______(n.)
6. benefit (n.)--_______(adj.)
7. detail (n.)--______(adj.)
8. attract (v.)_______(n.)

1. with the help of 
2. consist of
3. be classified into
4. serve as
5. a set of
6. be marked with

 

Homework
Search for more information about the Unified Geologic Map of the Moon and write a short report.


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