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初一教案 第700期
发布时间:2020-05-25

第41/700期初一课件
作者:姜瑶
Warm up
Why do we have days and nights?
Why are some people colorblind?
Why is the sky blue?

Pre-reading
When did this book series come out?
What can readers learn from these books?

Predict(预测)
Look at the title, headings and the picture.
Who is the man in the picture?
What kind of book is One Hundred Thousand Whys?

Fast reading
What is the passage mainly about?
It is mainly about One Hundred Thousand Whys and one of its writers, Ye Yonglie.
策略:
略读全文和详读段首句

Careful reading
What do we know about One Hundred Thousand Whys?
A. It doesn’t answer very many questions.
B. The only writer of the book series passed away.
C. It is a book series about popular science.
D. The newest edition was published in the 1960s.
C

Careful reading
Why is One Hundred Thousand Whys popular?
A. Because it is published by Peking University.
B. Because Ye Yonglie is a famous sci-fi writer.
C. Because the book series has different editions.
D. Because it is interesting and easy to read.
D

Careful reading
Q&A
How many editions are there?
1961-1st edition
1964-2nd edition
1970-3rd edition
1980-4th edition
1999-5th edition
2011-6th edition
Is it true that there are 100,000 questions answered in the book?
Answer:
In fact, the books answer a total of 3,438 questions.

The sci-fi novel Xiao Lingtong’s Travels in the Future _____.
A. is about a future illness
B. is about the future
C. makes people’s dreams come true
D. shows how to travel in the future
B

What is the last paragraph about?
A. The influence of Ye Yonglie.
B. The birth of a masterpiece.
C. The popularity of One Hundred Thousand Whys.
D. The importance of The Three-Body Problem.
A

Words in use
Completion. Complete the sentences using the words in the box.
cause  print  publish  explain  influence
1. It takes writers several years to write a book before it is ________.
2. The scream ______ a panic in the crowd.
3. Ye’s sci-fi books ________ many students.
4. Good books are often _________ many times, such as One Hundred Thousand Whys. 
5. It’s hard to _____ the taste of meat to a vegetarian (素食者).
published  caused  influenced  printed   explain

Post reading
Xiao Lingtong’s Travels in the Future was written by Ye Yonglie in 1961, but it came out 17 years later. Ye's imaginative and scientifically-sound writing popular among students and many of the ideas in the book are now reality. For example, people can live longer and play chess with a robot. Organ transplants, radios and weather manipulation are all real now.

Keep your hands nice and clean

Warm up
Which part of your body is the dirtiest?
How can you tell it’s dirty or not?
How can this be dangerous?

Pre-reading
How often do you wash your hands?
Brainstorm some reasons why some people don’t like to wash their hands.

skimming
How many reasons are mentioned in the article?
Four.

Careful reading
Careful reading
What does the 2015 study tell us?
A. Washing your hands is not simple.
B. Many people work in poor conditions.
C. Washing hands can protect people from diseases.
D. Not many people have the habit of washing their hands.
D

47 less-developed countries in the world
Most of them are in Asia or Africa. The people there don't have enough resources. Water is particularly scarce in Africa. Many people die due to living in unsanitary conditions.

According to Paragraph 4, some students are less likely to wash their hands because _____.
A. they don’t have soap
B. they don’t touch feces 
C. they don’t believe they can get sick
D. nobody else around them does it
C

Optimism is important to have, but it can also be dangerous. People who have optimism bias think nothing bad can happent o them. This can make them too confident.
A rumor (谣言) recently spread in South Korea saying that young people can't get Covid-19. This is an example of optimism bias.


Discussion:
What does “throw up” mean?
呕吐
Is it good for people to throw up easily, according to this article?

Do you remember this scene from the movie Zootopia?
What’s the name of this behavior?
Conformity (从众心理)

Try to find examples to show how
social norms play a role in your life.

What is the purpose (目的) of the story?
A. To tell readers how to wash their hands.
B. To explain why many people don’t wash their hands.
C. To show how bad habits harm people’s health.
D. To show what to use when washing your hands.
B

What are the benefits of washing your hands, according to this article? 
Washing your hands can extend your lifespan.
It can cut the risk of respiratory infections.

Can you think of any other benefits?

Words in use
Translation. 
兴趣在学习中起到重要作用。
Personal interest plays an important role in learning.

但我仍然无法忘记那段欢乐的时光。
But I won't forget the time when I was happy.

有一些人坐公交车会容易呕吐。
Some people will throw up easily when they take the bus.

Sam很瘦弱,一定程度上是因为他吃得太少了。
Sam is quite weak, partly because he doesn't eat much.

Post reading
When to Wash Hands
Wash your hands before:
preparing food or eating
treating wounds or caring for a sick person
putting in or taking out contact lenses.
Wash your hands after:
if they look dirty or feel sticky
using a toilet or changing a diaper
preparing food, particularly raw meat
touching an animal
handling animal feces
blowing your nose
coughing or sneezing into your hands
treating wounds or caring for a sick person
shaking hands with someone
handling garbage, chemicals, dirty laundry, soiled shoes

How can we wash our hands properly?


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