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初二教案 第710期




Vaccine to the rescue (P2)



I. Pre-reading

·When the COVID-19 (新冠肺炎) vaccine (疫苗) arrives, will you get it?

·Have you ever gotten the flu vaccine?


       Flu is a common infection (感染) of the nose and throat, and sometimes the lungs. It is caused by a virus (病毒) that passes from one person to another.           

       The flu causes muscle (肌肉) pain, sudden high body temperature, breathing problems and weakness.


Predict: rescue - the act of saving sb/sth from a dangerous or difficult situation 

        Look at the title and the picture. What are we going to read about?


II. While reading

·What does the China CDC advise you to do?

  Get a flu vaccine.


·Who should be the first to get flu vaccines?

  Medical staff, teachers, children, and those aged 60 and above.


·What is the main idea of this paragraph?

  China's flu vaccination rate is far lower than that of other countries.


·Why do experts say more people will get the flu vaccine this year?

  Because the COVID-19 epidemic has risen awareness of the importance of vaccines. 


Read the sentences and mark them true (T) or false (F).

(T) 1. More people are expected to get flu vaccines, especially those in key


(F) 2. China's flu vaccination rate will be much higher than the US this year.

(T) 3. People are learning that vaccines prevent us from getting infected (传染).


III. Further reading

Read the passage and choose the answer.

   The flu can be dangerous. It can give you a fever. Sometimes, it can even kill people. The worst flu killed about 50 million people from 1918 to 1919.

       Don‘t worry. If you get a flu vaccine (疫苗), it can stop you from getting the virus (病毒). Flu vaccines work by giving body a small amount of flu viruses. This causes your body to develop antibodies (抗体). So the next time you get the flu, the antibodies can help you.

       The flu virus changes every few years. There are many types of flu, such as H1N1 and H5N1. The antibodies for one type of flu can't protect us from all types of flu. That's why we need to get the vaccine every year.

       However, good habits can also stop you from developing a cold or flu. Washing your hands often can stop you from getting sick. It is also important to get regular exercise and eat healthy food. All of these things can strengthen your immune system (增强免疫系统).


1. If you get a flu vaccine, _____.

A. it can't stop you from getting the flu virus

B. it won't cause your body to develop antibodies

C. your body will develop antibodies

D. your body will get a large amount of flu viruses


2. We need to get a flu vaccine every year because _____.

A. people usually get colds during winter

B. the flu virus changes every few years

C. the flu is very dangerous

D. you don't need to take any medicine afterwards


IV. Post reading

Group activity - Find out why Chinese people are less likely to get vaccinated than people in other countries.







Making the world safer (P4-5)



I. Pre-reading

·Have you ever dreamed of saving the world?

·Do you think it’s possible for you to do so as you get older?


Brainstorm: What do you know about the UN?t

           What does “UN” stand for? - United Nations


Look at the title and guess: What is the purpose (目的) of the UN?

                        To make the world a safer place.


II. While reading

·Why does the writer say our world is not safe and peaceful? 

  There are wars, disease, hunger, and climate change.


·What kind of organization is the United Nations?

  It is the largest and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world.


·Why was the drop-out rate for girls still high?

  The girls didn't have sanitary pads.


·How can we make the right decisions?

  By going to the frontlines to see what's really happening.



       Wars, disease (疾病), hunger, climate change … our world is far from being a safe and peaceful one. You may have asked: what can I do to help?


What do we know from Kong Ao's story?

1. We can use a bigger platform (平台) to offer more help.

2. People in some parts of the world have hard lives.

3. We should go to the frontlines to see what's really happening.



IV. Further reading

         If you want to do a school project on children's rights, you can find more information online.

       The United Nations lists the rights of children. Most countries agree to all of them, but some countries do not. The following are some of the most important rights of children.

       Children have the right to be properly fed, clothed and sheltered

(庇护) by their family. If their family can't do so, the government should take responsibility.

       Children have the right to get education and medical care, which should be provided by the government.

       Children must not be cruelly punished (惩罚) by their parents or any others.

       No child under fifteen should be forced to fight in the military.

       Children have the right to be protected from being made to work too hard to make money for other people.

       In some countries, children do not have these rights. In some countries, there are so few schools that only rich children can go to them. There are not enough doctors or nurses to help many children when they are sick.

       The rights of children are, therefore, the rights people think children should have. They are not always the rights that children actually have.


1. _____ agree to the United Nations' list of children's rights.

A. All countries        

B. A few countries

C. No countries        

D. Most countries


2. The underlined word "responsibility" in the passage means _____.

A. something people have to do

B. something people want to do

C. something people know how to do

D. something people love to do


3. Some children can't get education because _____.

A. there aren't enough schools

B. there are no schools

C. they come from rich families

D. they want to work in factories


4. What's the main idea of this passage? _____    

A. Children are made to work for long hours on farms.

B. The United Nations website is useful for students.

C. Children have the right to be properly fed, clothed and sheltered.

D. The United Nations has listed the rights it thinks children should have.



IV. Post reading

What do you want to do to make a better world?

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