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高一教案 第806期
发布时间:2020-10-10

2020-2021学年度第7期总第806期
Anniversary of a national treasure (P4-5)
江苏省盐城中学    陈巍

Lead-in
What comes to mind when someone mentions “a national treasure”?

What do you know about the Forbidden City?
Lying at the center of Beijing, it was the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Rectangular in shape, it is the world’s largest palace complex. It was built in 1420. This year marks its 600th anniversary. That is to say, it will celebrate the 600th anniversary of its completion this year.

General information
Purple: wealth & power
Ziwei Star was  the abode(天体) of the Celestial Emperor. It was the realm(范围) of the Celestial Emperor and his family.
No one could enter or leave the palace without the emperor’s permission.
It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.

While-reading

I Para1   Introduction
The Forbidden City must be visited.

II Para 2-3     
Basic information

II Architectural style Para 4-12
What aspects are mentioned about the Forbidden City?
Find some key words and sentences.

Para 7-8
Rites of ancient China are also represented through architectural details.

Q1. What is the largest palace in the Forbidden City? How large is it?
The Hall of Supreme Harmony (Taihe Dian) is the largest palace in the Forbidden City. It is as large as five and a half basketball courts and
as high as a 12-floor building.

Q2. Please describe the ornaments of Taihe Dian.
It has the most deified creatures (神兽) as ornaments (装饰物) on the roofs. This is also a sign of its importance since more roof ornaments (装饰) are a sign of the building’s rank.

The three main buildings in the front court are:
the Hall of Supreme Harmony (太和殿),
the Hall of Complete Harmony(中和殿),
the Hall of Preserving Harmony(保和殿).

The Hall of Supreme Harmony 太和殿
   It is the most important building in the Forbidden City.
   It was the place where grand ceremonies were held, such as the emperor’s enthronement ceremony and the emperor’s wedding ceremony.

The Hall of Complete Harmony 中和殿
It is a square-shaped hall for the emperor to take a short rest before he went to the Hall of Supreme Harmony for grand ceremonies.

The Preserving Harmony 保和殿
This is where the emperor rested and changed clothes before departing for such important rites as selecting the empress or crown prince.

Para 9-11
How has the Forbidden City survived for 600 years?
According to experts, the traditional “dougong (斗拱)” and “sunmao (榫卯)” structures in the Forbidden City’s buildings are like shock absorbers  in cars with good buffer (缓冲) effect.

Language focus
               
2. It is the largest palace in the Forbidden City, as large as five and a half basketball courts.
倍数表达法:
1)“倍数 + as + 形容词 + as”     “……是……倍”
Our factory is twice as big as theirs. 我们的工厂是他们的两倍。
[注]一倍用once,两倍用twice。

2) “倍数 + 形容词(副词)比较级”    “……比……大、多几倍”
This box is three times bigger than that one.

3)“倍数 + the size(length,amount……)+ of ” “……是……倍”
Our factory is twice the size of theirs. 我们的工厂是他们的两倍。

Further thinking
    Suppose you planned to take your American friends to visit the Forbidden City. However, because of the COVID-19 pandemic, you have to view it using “cloud tourism”.
    How would you introduce the Forbidden City to them?

Homework
    假如你是李华,受学校委托,负责接待来自美国的某友好学校的访问团,于10月20日参加紫禁城600周年的庆典活动。
    请根据以下提示,写一份紫禁城的介绍,内容包括:
紫禁城的概况(占地面积、建筑年份等)
1.紫禁城的建筑风格(对称设计、艺术特色、实用性);
2.紫禁城的历史地位及人们的评价;
3.注意:词数200字左右。


2020-2021学年度第7期总第806期
Good vibrations (P6)
河北师大附中  赵乃平

Lead-in
What is a deaf person’s life like?
They live in a quiet world.

How do deaf people communicate with others?

How do deaf people enjoy music?

Skimming
What is the text mainly about?
It is about a new suit that helps those with hearing impairments enjoy music.

Detail reading
What will help deaf people enjoy music?
A vibrating suit.

What is the suit like?
It has a body harness, ankle and wrist straps.

How does it work?

Who is Chase Burton?
Chase Burton is a deaf filmmaker from Texas, US, who tests out the suit.

How did Burton “listen” to music as a kid?
He used to lie on the floor above the garage to feel the vibrations from music below.

What is Burton’s experience like with the vibrating suit on?
The sound hits different parts of his body.
First, it strikes him down in his ankles.
Then, he feels the vibrations in his back.
Next, he feels some pulsations in his wrist.

Where has the suit been tested?
In 2016, at a Lady Gaga concert in the US.
In 2018, at a different concert in Las Vegas.

What are the potential places where the suit could be used?
Live sports broadcasts, video games or theme parks.

What is Richardson’s attitude toward this technology?
A. Positive.          B. Doubtful.  
C. Uninterested.      D. Negative.

Language focus
Designed by the US technology company Not Impossible Labs, the suit consists of a body harness, ankle and wrist straps.

释义:这款衣服由美国技术公司Not Impossible Labs设计,它由全身式安全带、手腕带和脚腕带组成。
consist of 由……组成
Eg. How many countries does the UK consist of?

一句多译:

生活中不仅有阳光,也有艰难的日子。
               ____________
 Life       ____________      sunshine and hard times.
               ____________
(Key: is made up of; consists of; is composed of)

句型转换:
Listening is an active behavior that consists of hearing, understanding and remembering.
= Listening is an active behavior _________ hearing, understanding and remembering.
注意:consist of 不能用于被动语态和进行时态;其现在分词形式可在句子作定语。
The users can adjust the intensity of the vibrations.
释义:使用者可以调节震动的强度。

 adjust 调整,适合;     adjustment n.调整;
 adjust to + n/doing sth 适应

Eg. The room is dark inside so it took time for my eyes to adjust(适应).
完成句子:
1. 根据变化,我们应该及时对计划做出必要的调整。
According to the changes, we should _________________ to the plan in time.
2. 你要遵循当地的习俗,这有助于你快速适应那里的生活。
You should follow the local customs and it will help you _________ the life there soon.

Maybe it will strike me down in my ankles first.
释义:也许它先击打我的脚踝。

strike vi. & vt. 打,撞击,罢工,袭击,报时,划(火柴)

给出下列句中strike的含义:
1. Strike while the iron is hot.
2. A terrible earthquake struck this area last year.
3. The workers decided to strike for a pay increase.
4. It struck me that he was American.
5. The clock has struck 12.
6. The girl struck a match and lit the candle.
1. 敲打  2. 袭击  3. 罢工  4. 突然想起  5. (钟表)报时  6. 划(火柴)


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