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高一教案 第807期(2)
发布时间:2020-10-19

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

2020-2021学年度第8期总第807期
Beating pros at their own game (P6)
山西省灵石县第一中学      任立琴
Lead-in
Guess: Who wins the game?

What is this game?

(key: curling)
Read for general information
Pre-reading: What would be talked about in the article?
Beating pros at their own game
Who? What pro? What game?
Read the article and find the answers.
(key: Curly; precision & strategy; curling)


Main idea: A robot team named ____ won against professional ______teams, which requires a mix of ______ and _______
(Key: Curly, curling, precision, strategy.)
Read for details
Read paragraph 3 and name the role and parts of the game.

(Key: thrower, hogline, stone, house  )

Describe the rules of curling.
Rules of curling  
In the game, a player called the “thrower” gently slides the stone and releases it before a boundary called the “hogline”. The stone slides down to the target, known as the “house”.
句中红色部分是做_________(成分),修饰限定前面的名词,两者为_____关系。
(Key:后置定语,被动)
释义:在比赛中,投手缓慢将球掷出并在栏线之前将球离手。石球滑至得分区即圆垒。
How do you score points in curling?
An ________(oppose) team does the same, so both teams accumulate (积累) _____(stone)in the same house. At the end of the round, the team with a stone closest to the center of the target gets a point.
(Key: opposing,stones)
释义:两支球队对抗进行,在同一圆垒中积累石球。 拥有位于圆垒中位置最接近圆垒中心之石球的队伍得分。

Read paragraph 5 and describe the duty of each part of Curly.

Skip-Curly: ________________________
_________
Thrower-Curly: ____________
(Key: observe the position of the stones at the scoring end, do the throwing)
What skills does curling require?
It requires the players ______ (figure)out the force and angle (角度) needed to slide a heavy stone in order to land it in the house or make it into another position.
 Players also have to form a strategy to prevent the opponent_________(get) their stones closest to the center of the house.
(Key: to figure, from getting.)


It requires the players to figure out the force and angle (角度) needed to slide a heavy stone in order to land it in the house or make it into another position.
句中红色部分是做_________(成分),修饰限定前面的名词,两者为_____关系
(Key:后置定语,被动)
How was Curly programmed to meet the requirements of curling?
Curling is a challenging sport that requires a mix of ____ (精确性) and____ (策略).
(Key: precision, strategy)
In the simulation, the researchers approximated the physics of the real world as best as they could, _______(consider)various conditions, such as the ice surface and the positions of stones.
(Key: considering)
The robots were trained in different situations to ____ (处理,应对)various throws. The researchers found that Curly_______(适应) many variables of the game the same way a person would.
(Key: deal with,adapted to)
Post-reading
Try to retell the article according using the key words.

Language focus
Find the following expressions in the article.
幸亏,由于  thanks to
许多的,大量的  a number of
在……方面展露天赋  show talent in
吸引许多注意力  draw much attention
要求某人做某事  require sb. to do sth.
计算出,弄明白  figure out
阻止某人做某事  prevent sb. from doing sth.
取得进步  make progress
对……负责  be responsible for
处理,应对  deal with
调整以适应  adapt to
以……的方式  in a ... manner
Do you know?
本文的题目beat pros at their own game是源于俚语beat someone at their own game,意为“以其人之道,还治其人之身”。beat是打击的意思,game是比赛,游戏。
Sentence
Recently, a robot team named Curly has drawn much attention as it successfully beat two South Korean national curling teams.
句中蓝色部分是做_________(成分),修饰限定前面的team,两者为_____关系。as 引导的为_____从句,as应翻译为_________.
(Key: 后置定语,被动,原因状语,因为 )
释义:
最近,一个名为Curly的机器人团队引起了许多注意,因为它成功击败了两个韩国国家冰壶队。
key words
Curling is a challenging sport that requires a mix of precision (精确性) and strategy (策略).
This requires the players to figure out the force and angle (角度) needed to slide a heavy stone in order to land it in the house or make it into another position.
require   vt.  要求,需求        
 require sth.         
 require sth of sb.    
 require sb to do …  
 require that sb (should) do sth
 (sth) require doing …/ to be done
注意:
1.require后面加宾语从句时,从句中用虚拟语气,即 should +动词原形, should 可以省略。类似用法的词还有insist, suggest,advise,propose,order,command,request, demand,desire等。
2.require后面可以跟doing,用主动表示被动。类似用法的词还有need,want(需要)等。
即学即练
1 Look  at  your room. What a mess! It requires ________.
A: to clean   B: cleaning   C: cleaned   D: be cleaned
(Key:B )
2.All passengers are required ____ their tickets.
A: to show   B: showing   C: showed   D: be showed
(Key:A)
3. I require two children ______ me.
A: to help   B: helping   C: helped   D: be helped
(Key: A)
key words
Researchers from Korea University in South Korea, and the Berlin Institute of Technology in Germany developed the robot.
develop  v.
     发展,培养,开发,冲洗(底片)
development  n. 发展,展开,开发,(照片的)冲洗
developing  adj. 发展中的
         a developing country                 发展中国家  
developed  adj. 发达的,发展的
         a developed country                  发达国家
即学即练
With the ________ of artificial intelligence, more and more ________ countries are helping ________ countries acquire advanced products, which are ________by great scientists.
(Key: development, developed, developing, developed)
Further information
topic words
局(end)
主将(skip)
冰刷(broom)
刷冰员(sweeper)
拱线(hog line)
得分区(house)
得分中心线(tee line)
得分区的中心(tee)
边线(side line):任何接触到边线的石球都被视为出局,应立即从场地中移开。
圆心线(tee line):掷球时,若石球已通过掷球区的圆心线,则不可再重掷。石球掷出后,己方的刷冰员可在石球通过标的区的圆心线之前进行刷冰;之后,则对方将有主权进行刷冰,以使球离开圆心。

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

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