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初一教案 第716期
发布时间:2020-11-09

11 /716期初一课件

作者:李玉华

Lions dance with pride (Page 4)

Warm up

Have you seen a lion dance before?

When can you see lion dances?

Pre-reading

The lion dance is an important part of Chinese festivities (庆典), specially Chinese New Year. It is thought to bring good luck and scare away evil spirits(邪灵).

 

Predict (预测):

Read the title and guess what the passage will be about.

What does a lion dance look like?

 

Fast reading

Look through and answer:

When did lion dance begin?

More than 2,000 years ago.

 

 When was it popular?

During the Tang Dynasty.

 

What are lion dancers like?

They are really cool.

 

Careful reading

Read this paragraph and fill in the blanks.

The “lion” can shake its ____, lick its ___ or __________.

The dancers perform ______.

head; fur; scratch an itch; kung fu

 

Chinese people believe that lions can drive away bad luck and bring good luck. Many also think that the animal represents (代表) China. Thats why lots of people, including overseas (海外的) Chinese, love this dance so much.

 

What is the purpose of the lion dance?

A. It can help people earn money.

B. It can scare off bad people.

C. It can drive away bad luck.

D. It can tell us if someone is good or bad.

C

 

Chinese people believe that lions can drive away bad luck and bring good luck. Many also think that the animal represents (代表) China. Thats why lots of people, including overseas (海外的) Chinese, love this dance so much.

 

True or false:

Few people think the lion represents China.  F

The lion dance is loved by Chinese people all over the world.  T

 

There are different lion dances in different places. Its called Xingshi (醒狮) in Guangdong. In 2006, Xingshi was added to Chinas national intangible cultural heritage (国家级非物质文化遗产) list.

Read this paragraph and answer the questions.

 Are lion dances the same in different places?

No, they aren’t.

When was Xingshi added to China’s national intangible cultural heritage list?

In 2006.

Master’s story

Wang Rentao, 41, has been performing the lion dance for 28 years. He is now head of a lion dance troupe (演出队) in Zhongkeng village in Dongguan, Guangdong.

Last year, the troupe took part in the celebration of the 70th birthday of New China at Tian’anmen Square. “I feel very proud,” Wang said.

At what age did Wang Rentao start to perform the lion dance?

A. 10 years old.

B. 13 years old.

C. 28 years old.

D. 41 years old.

B

Master’s story

Wangs troupe is famous for dancing on quincuncial piles (梅花桩), one of the most difficult lion dance skills. Performers jump from one pile to another at a height of about 2.5 meters. The piles are 1.8 meters away from each other.

What are quincuncial piles?

A. They are piles that are 2.5 meters wide.

B. They are piles that are 1.8 meters long.

C. They are piles that dancers jump between.

D. They are piles that dancers run on.

C

 

The training (训练) is really hard. Performers need to have a solid base (扎实的基础) of kung fu skills first. Even with that, they can fall from the pile and get hurt, Wang said. It can take many years to learn the skill.

But thats also the amazing part of lion dance, the part that makes it valuable (有价值的) heritage. 

Read this paragraph and fill in the blanks.

1. Lion dancers need a ____ base of kung fu skills first. Then, they need to train very ____. It takes years to learn this skill. It is one of the _____ parts of the lion dance.

solid; hard; amazing

 

Young voices

Zhang Jiaqi, 9, Dongguan Tsinglan School, Guangdong

This September, I watched a lion dance during our school’s culture week. The dance and the drums were very exciting. The lions looked powerful and a little scary, but I think that’s why they can drive away bad luck.

Read this paragraph and answer the questions.

 When did Zhang Jiaqi watch the lion dance?

 What were the lions like?

 What did he think of the show?

 

Young voices

Zhang Ruitao, 9, Dongguan Tsinglan School, Guangdong

Our school is an international school. We learn a lot about other cultures. When I saw the lion dance at my school, I felt proud of my own culture. I even want to learn it myself. I think it can be a good way to exercise and get stronger, as well as something fun to do with friends.

Read this paragraph and answer the questions.

 How did he feel about the lion dance?

 Why does he want to learn lion dance?

 

What do we know about the lion dance?

A. It was started from the Tang Dynasty.

B. It is performed by real lions.

C. Lion dancers live with real lions.

D. It is a symbol of China.

D

2. What makes lion dance special?

A. The dancers play kung fu.

B. The lions are like real ones.

C. People can watch it on holidays.

D.It can bring good luck.

A

Words in use

Completion.

Complete the sentences with the phrases in the box.

a little, drive away, take part in, be proud of

1. She hopes that she can________the next contest.

2. He felt____ tired after running in the sun.

3. I ________ my country. 

4. People set off firecrackers to ________ bad luck and welcome the new year.

take part in; a little; am proud of; drive away

 

Post reading

Lion and dragon dances are often performed during holidays, as well as big events such as opening ceremonies, marriages, and the openings of new businesses. Dance troupes can be found around the world.

 

Why more allergies? (Page 6)

Warm up

What might be wrong with the boy in this picture?

How do allergies make us feel?

 

Pre-reading

Discuss and predict:

Do you have any allergies?

What are some people allergic to?

What is the passage about?

 

allergy = all e )(另一个)+ ergy (反应)→另一种反应→不正常反应→过敏症

 

Fast reading

Read and answer:

Why are food allergies dangerous? 

Because they can make people sick or even kill them.

How can we stop allergies from getting worse?

By having a pet cat or dog.

 

  Itching (), vomiting (呕吐) and stomachachesfood allergies (过敏) can be dangerous. People can even die from them. Whats worse, they are becoming more common (常见的) these days.

1. Which of the following can be caused by allergies?

a. Vomiting.

b. Headache.

c. Death.

d. Itching.

A. abc               B. bcd   

C. abd          D. acd

D

 

careful reading

Kari Nadeau, an allergy expert at Stanford University in the US, did a study of food allergies worldwide. She found that while 3 percent of people had them in 1960, the number rose to 7 percent in 2018.

Nadeau said that one reason for this might be that we are exposed (暴露) to fewer microbiota (微生物群). Microbiota can train our bodies and stop us from getting allergies.

What did Nadeau find?

A. More people have allergies these days.

B. There are more kinds of food allergies these days.

C. Fewer people have food allergies these days.

D. The causes of allergies are changing.

A

Kari Nadeau, an allergy expert at Stanford University in the US, did a study of food allergies worldwide. She found that while 3 percent of people had them in 1960, the number rose to 7 percent in 2018.

Nadeau said that one reason for this might be that we are exposed (暴露) to fewer microbiota (微生物群). Microbiota can train our bodies and stop us from getting allergies.

What does Nadeau do?

She is an allergy expert.

 

Why are microbiota important?

They can “train” our bodies and stop us from getting allergies. 

 

  Our bodies are exposed to fewer microbiota these days. We live in cleaner homes. We stay indoors (室内) for longer hours. We are given more antibiotics (抗生素) as children antibiotics kill microbiota.

What can stop allergies from developing?

A. Living in clean homes.

B. Going outside more.

C. Taking more antibiotics.

D. Eating less food.

B

 

   Scientists say its a good idea for babies to eat many different kinds of foods so that they can build up tolerance (耐受) in their early years. Having a pet cat or dog can also stop allergies from being developed.

What is the last paragraph mainly about?

A. How to figure out if we have allergies.

B. The best time to stop allergies.

C. Who can protect us from allergies.

D. How to prevent allergies.

D

 

   Scientists say its a good idea for babies to eat many different kinds of foods so that they can build up tolerance (耐受) in their early years. Having a pet cat or dog can also stop allergies from being developed.

How can people prevent allergies?

Babies can eat _______________. For most people, it is a good idea to ____________.

eat different kinds of food; have a pet cat or dog.

 

Post reading

Reading and answer.

What is the passage mainly about?

The dangers of food allergies, how they are caused and how to prevent them.

What did you learn from the passage?

 

Words in use

根据中文提示提示完成下列句子:

1. It is________(危险的) to walk on thin ice.

2. I sneeze a lot in spring because I am _____ (过敏的) to pollen.

3. Snowstorms are quite______(常见的) in this area. 

4. The report has attracted _______(全世界的) attention.

1. dangerous  2. allergic  3. common   4. worldwide

 

Post reading

These eight foods cause 90% of all food allergies:

  cow milk 牛奶

  eggs 鸡蛋

  peanuts 花生

  fish 鱼类

  shellfish 贝类

  tree nuts 坚果

  wheat 小麦

  soy 大豆

 

There is no cure for food allergies.

Stay away from foods that you are allergic to.


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