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初二教案 第730期
发布时间:2021-03-22

30/730期初二教案

顾晓辉

 

Telling shadow stories (P4)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·Have you ever seen a puppet show?

·What was it about ?

·What do you know about shadow puppetry?

 

II. While reading

·When did shadow puppetry start?

  It started during the Western Han Dynasty.

 

a form of 一种形式 a form of art / life

along with = together with ….一起

made from 制成

take place (有计划的)发生举行 happen (偶然)发生

 

• UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization联合国教科文组织

 

• intangible cultural heritage

非物质文化遗产

 

pass on 1. 传递 ,传承.

        2. 我不知道

        3. 不要,免掉(don‘t want sth

e.g. I‘m going to pass on the dessert. 我要免掉甜点.

 

·Who did Wang Haiyan learn shadow puppetry from?

  Her father.

 

the birth place of 出生地

fell (fall的过去式) in love with爱上了

a master of the art艺术大师

 

·What are the key parts of the art?

  Making the puppets and performing with them.

 

folk art 民间艺术

key 关键,钥匙,

e.g. The key to the door.

pay attention to doing 注意(做)某事

 

·What is the hardest part of puppet-making?

  Carving.

 

according to依照,按照,根据

 

·How long did it take her to master carving?

  She spent three years on the skill (mastering the skill).

 

hold the knife still 持刀不动

 

·How are Wang Haiyan’s puppets different from traditional ones?

  Her puppets combine traditional art with modern design.

 

·Why did they give each puppet five or six wooden sticks

  To make the performances more vivid.

 

Read the passage again and fill in the blanks.

   Shadow puppetry is a form of theater that features puppets made from leather   () or paper along with music and singing. It started (start) during the Western Han Dynasty. Wang is a master of shadow puppetry. She focuses on making (make) the puppets and performing with them. It is difficult to make the puppets.

       Carving is the hardest (hard) part. It took her three years to master the skill. Wang works hard to mix the traditional (tradition) art with modern design . They also gave the puppets five or six wooden sticks (stick). They are different from other puppets. This way, they can create more vivid (生动的) performances (perform).

 

III. Further reading

Read the passage and fill in the blanks.

      Shadow puppet heads usually show a full profile – this is known as “half-face”. Clowns and villains are sometimes given a smaller profile. Fairies and Buddhas are shown with a full face. It takes great skill to carve these puppets.

        The hollowed-out facial outlines require exceptional craftsmanship(工艺)skills. Some puppets have very thin lines, which are difficult to carve. The puppets’ bodies are carved using “chisel (凿子)engraving”. Many different designs can be carved this way. 

        Leather silhouette coloring (皮革剪影着色)is usually bright and transparent. A variety of instruments are used to accompany shadow puppet performances. They include drums, gongs, flutes, and horns.

        Based on geographical localities (地理位置) shadow puppet designs and music can vary from place to place. Different parts of China have their own unique puppet styles and characteristics.                                                                       

 

Fill in the blanks.

1. Carving shadow puppets requires exceptional craftsmanship skills.

2. Chisel engraving can be used to create a variety of designs.

 

IV. Post reading

Group activity – make shadow puppets with your classmates and put on a performance with the puppets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Birds ‘talk’ in accents (P6)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·Do any of your friends speak with an accent?

·Do you have a hard time understanding them?

·Do you know how birds communicate with each other?

·Can you understand them when they “talk”?

 

 

II. While reading

1. In a recent study, scientists found that _____.

A. only humans have accents

B. birds also have accents

C. birds don’t speak with their mouths

D. all animals have accents

 

grow up 长大 in fact 事实上

have difference in有差异

the way to do/of doing的方式

on the way to…..的路上

in the way to 挡住了去的路

in a way 在某种程度上

 

2. What can the fork-tailed flycatcher do with its long tail wings?

a. Make sounds.

b. Make turns.

c. Attract mates.

d. Fight other birds.

A. abc         B. abd          C. acd          D. bcd

 

a speed of 速度

e.g. It can travel at a speed of light.

are used to do被用于

use … to do

used to do 过去常常做

be/ get used to doing 习惯于做

sharp turns 急转弯

 

·Why do the migratory birds make higher-pitched sounds?

  Because they have thinner feather tips.

 

3. Paragraph 5 explains _____.

A. why non-migratory birds don’t have accents

B. how researchers found differences between birds

C. why migratory birds travel to other places

D. why migratory birds have “accents”

 

push … into. 促进

become/be less likely to do 越来越不可能做某事

likely adj. 可能的  

unlikely adj. 不可能

close to 亲近

in that case 那样的话

in case 万一

see…as 视为regard … as

 

4. What does Gómez-Bahamón mean in the last paragraph?

A. The accent might push the birds away from each other.

B. The migratory fork-tailed flycatcher is actually a new species.

C. Birds that make higher-pitched sounds are less attractive.

D. The migratory fork-tailed flycatchers are endangered.

 

·How do “languages” help whales?

  They can help keep groups together and distinguish other groups of whales.

 

Read the sentences and mark them true (T) or false (F).

1. Accents can be found in other parts of the animal world.(T)

2. Accents can help birds feel closer to each other. (F)

3. Birds can use long tail wings to make sharp turns when hunting. (T)

 

III. Further reading

     Travel around the US and you‘ll hear English spoken in many different ways. The same is even true for songbirds - specifically, the swamp sparrow. (沼泽带鹀)
   Scientists have used swamp sparrow regional “dialects” together with computer simulations to extrapolate
(推断) how the sparrow’s songs have changed and evolved over time. They found that certain song motifs can date back hundreds or even thousands of years.                                                       

       “That‘s where, frankly, it blew me away, I have to say,” said Steve Nowicki, a biologist at Duke University. “If Leif Erikson had taken time once he discovered North America to get as far in as northwestern Pennsylvania, where I just was last week, he would have heard some - not many, but some of the same song types I was just listening to."

       Passing learned information from generation to generation — that sounds a whole lot like culture.
       “It is culture. These birds are showing a persistence
(延续)of cultural tradition that is heretofore unknown and, you know, sort of matches that of the best cultural persistence we might see in human culture.”
       But sparrows aren‘t as cognitively complex as humans, he says, implying that you don’t need human-type smarts to develop cultural traditions.

 

Fill in the blanks

1. They found that certain song motifs can date back hundreds or even thousands of years.

2. Birds don’t need human-type smarts to develop cultural traditions.

  

IV. Post reading

       Do other animals make special sounds? Pick your favorite animal and do some research to find out what it sounds like. 

 

 


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