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初二教案 第736期


Annie Zhen


Meaning of manly? (P2)



I. Pre-reading

·What does it mean to be “manly”?

·Are men the only ones who can be manly?



·Do you agree with this opinion - “Real men don’t cry”?

·What do you think this passage is going to be about?


II. While reading

·be used to do... 被用来做

  be used to doing... 习惯于,适应于

  used to do... 过去常常做


·What does “feminization trend” mean?



1. According to the survey, _____ people think

“masculinity” means a sense of responsibility.

A. 978 

B. 1,085 

C. 1,224  

D. 1,519


·What is Xu Chenchen’s opinion of masculinity?


·According to the survey, what do the majority of the respondents think about masculinity among teenagers?


·Does Zhao Zhihan think many young people are masculine?


III. Further reading

What is healthy, responsible masculinity

       Healthy masculinity means being honest with yourself about your own feelings, needs and desires. It also means treating others with the kindness and respect that they deserve. Healthy masculinity means not using your size, strength, or power to get what you want from others. No men are exempt from the insidious nature of toxic masculinity.

       Toxic masculinity involves cultural pressures for men to behave in a certain way. This affects nearly all boys and men in some fashion.       Toxic masculinity refers to the notion that some people’s idea of “manliness” perpetuates domination, homophobia, and aggression.     This idea that men need to act tough and avoid showing emotion can be harmful to their mental health and can have serious consequences for society, which is how it became known as “toxic masculinity”.


IV. Post reading

Group activity - interview your schoolmates about masculinity and write a report about your findings.







Making it easy to breathe in space (P6)



I. Pre-reading

·Mission name: Mars 2020

  Rover name: Perseverance

  Main task: Seek out signs of ancient life and collect samples of rock and

            regolith (broken rock and soil) for possible return to Earth.

  Launch: July 30, 2020

  Landing: Feb 18, 2021, Jezero Crater, Mars



·Look at the title:


·Thinking about the following questions.


·What are we going to read about in the passage?

·Is there any oxygen on Mars?

·Can we make oxygen on Mars?

·How can Perseverance make oxygen on Mars?

·How can oxygen produced on Mars be used?




·Look at the picture.

·Learn more about the rover.


II. While reading

1. The story is mainly about how the Perseverance rover _____.

A. landed on Mars

B. made oxygen on Mars

C. launched a powered flight on Mars

D. had a successful flight on Mars


2. How does MOXIE work?

A. It uses a toaster to heat oxygen.  

B. It can make oxygen on its own.

C. It makes oxygen from nickel alloy.

D. It makes oxygen from carbon dioxide.


3.What do we know about Mars?

A. It is full of carbon dioxide. 

B. It is rich in oxygen.

C. It is very hot on Mars.     

D. It has no air at all.


·Why is MOXIE built with heat-resistant materials?


  fire/water-resistant materials  

  disease-resistant plants


4. From MOXIE’s first experiment, we know that _____.

A. it needs a cool working environment

B. it can create lots of breathable air

C. it will create more oxygen in the future

D. it uses nickel alloy and gold to create heat



  A is twice/three times as big as B...

  A is twice/three times bigger than B...

  A is twice/three times the size of B...


·What does the underlined “it” refer to?

·What is the meaning of the phrase “live off the land”?


5. Why is the new development important?

It could help astronauts live in space.

It could fuel rocket engines.

It helps us move oxygen from Earth.

It could help us make water on Mars.

A. ①②③         

B. ①②④

C. ①③④         

D. ②③④


III. Further reading

Mars 2020/Perseverance

       (NASA) National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Over the past two decades, missions flown by NASA’s Mars Exploration Program have shown us that Mars was once very different from the cold, dry planet it is today. Evidence discovered by landed and orbital missions point to wet conditions billions of years ago. These environments lasted long enough to potentially support the development of microbial life.

       The Mars 2020/Perseverance rover is designed to better understand the geology of Mars and seek signs of ancient life. The mission will collect and store a set of rock and soil samples that could be returned to Earth in the future. It will also test new Key Objectives


·What is the difference between Mars billions of years ago and today?

·What is Perseverance’s mission?


Mars Exploration Program

Why Mars?

      There are several strategic, practical and scientific reasons for humans to explore Mars. Among them, we know that Mars is the most accessible place in the solar system. Additionally, exploring Mars provides the opportunity to possibly answer questions about the origin and evolution of life. We might even have to live there one day in order to survive.

       In a strategic sense, exploring Mars demonstrates political and economic leadership, improves the quality of life on Earth, helps us learn about our home planet, and expands the peaceful, international exploration of space.

Why are we exploring Mars?


·What is the strategic significance of the Mars Exploration Program? 


IV. Post reading

       The inner, rocky planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. NASA's newest rover — Perseverance — landed on Mars on Feb 18, 2021. The outer planets are the gas giants Jupiter and Saturn and ice giants Uranus and Neptune. Beyond Neptune, a newer class of smaller worlds called dwarf planets reign, including longtime favorite Pluto. Thousands more planets have been discovered beyond our solar system.


Group activity – Do some research about the solar system and share what you’ve learned with your classmates.



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