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初二教案 第737期
发布时间:2021-05-10

39/737期初二教案

边晓霏

 

No plates left full (P2)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·Do you often order a lot of food when you eat out?

·What should you do if your friend orders too much food?

 

II. While reading

·What is being done to prevent food waste in China?

  A new law is being passed.

 

·too many的用法:修饰复数可数名词。

  There are too many books in the bookshop. 

 

·Read this paragraph and write true (T) or false (F).

  The new law only refers to the responsibilities of restaurants. (F)

 

·carry out 实施; 执行; 实行

  immediately 立即,马上。

 

·What is an example of food waste, according to the law?

  Failing to make good and proper use of food and drinks or throwing food away at will.

 

·make use of利用

  We will make good use of our time.

 

·When can restaurants can charge diners a disposal fee?

  When they waste too much food.

 

·mislead 误导

  too much much too的区别:too much表示很多,修饰不可数名词;much too 表示太……,修饰形容词。

 

·What’s the effect (影响) of the new law?

  The new law will ensure food security and promote thrift.

 

·break the rule 违反规则

 

·The goal of the UN 2030 Agenda is Zero Hunger.

 

·Read the sentences and mark them true (T) or false (F).

1. School cafeterias should improve the taste of their food if the students don’t think it tastes good. (T)

2. To make more money, restaurants can ask diners to order more food. (F)

3. The law also bans programs or videos that show binge-eating. (T)

 

·用所给词语的正确形式填空。

a. too many      b. too much    c. mislead.  d. immediately

1. The guide misled us and we got lost.

2. There are too many students in our class. 

3. We have too much work to do. 

4. Jason saw me and got out of the car immediately.

 

III. Further reading

Read the passage and answer the questions.

       CCTV reported that every year, Chinese people throw away enough food to feed 200 million people for a year.

       Do we have too much food? Of course not. According to the UN World Food Program, there were about 900 million hungry people all over the world in 2013. About six million children die of hunger every year.              

       So think about it. We should say no to people who waste food every day. An old saying goes, “Every grain on the plate comes from hard work.” It reminds us that everybody must save food.

       Luckily, a number of people have realized the importance of saving food. Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Jiangsu, once lost her job because she took some leftover (剩余的) food home for her son. But many people were on her side and criticized (批评) the waste of food. 

       What should we do to stop wasting food? We can do many things to prevent it from happening. Here are some tips

       Don't order too much food when you eat out. Only order as much as you can eat. If you can't eat all the food you order, take the rest of it home.

       Don't be too picky (挑剔的) about food. Some food might not be tasty, but our body needs it.

       Don't keep too much food at home, especially fruit and vegetables.

 

·How many children die of hunger every year?

  About six million children.

 

·on one’s side:支持某人

 

·Read the passage and answer the questions.

1. How many hungry people were there in the world in 2013?

  About 900 million.

 

2. Why did Li Hong lose her job?

  Because she took some leftover food home for her son.

 

3. What should you do if you can't eat all the food you order?

  You can take the rest of it home.

 

4. What’s the main idea of the passage?

  Why we shouldn’t waste food and ways to prevent this from happening.

 

IV. Post reading

Group activity - Design a poster or write a report to call on people to save food.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why do some of us take chances? (P6)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·Are you a risk-taker?

·What risky things have you done ?                            

 

II. While reading

·What are risk-takers?

  They are people who do things without thinking too much about the results.

 

·Teenagers tend to take more risks than others.

 

·be careful about:小心

  especially: 尤其,特别的

 

·The psychologist uses computer games to find out why some people are more impulsive.

 

·If you want to get a larger reward, you can make the balloon bigger

 

1. The striatum controls our emotional response to rewards.

2. The prefrontal cortex helps us control our decision-making process.

 

·active:积极的,活跃的。

  process: 过程,进程。

 

·What causes young people to make risky decisions?

  Young people have more active striatums and less active prefrontal cortexes. 

 

·The prefrontal cortex in the brain is like the brakes for cars.

 

Read the sentences and mark them true (T) or false (F).

 

1. Teenagers tend to be more careful than others. (F)

2. In the game, if the balloon gets too big, it’ll explode and the player will get nothing. (T)

3. The prefrontal cortex becomes more active during the game.  (F)

4. Adults are more willing to take risks and don’t take the time to think carefully. (F)

 

III. Further reading

     It is well known that teenagers take risks — and that when they do, they like to have company. Teens are five times more likely to be in a car accident when in a group than when driving alone, and they are more likely to commit a crime in a group.

       Now, a new study sheds light on why. Temple University psychologists Jason Chein and Laurence Steinberg set out to measure brain activity in adolescents(青少年), alone and with peers(同伴, as they made decisions with inherent(固有的) risks.

       Their findings, published this month in Developmental Science, demonstrate(证明) that when teens are with friends they are more susceptible(敏感的;易动感情的,) to the potential rewards of a risk than they are when they are alone.                                                        

       “We know that in the real world teenagers take more risks when with their friends. This is the first study to identify the underlying(潜在的) process,” said Steinberg, a developmental psychologist and a leading international expert on teen behavior, decision making and impulse(冲动) control.  " 

       Preventable(可预防的), risky behaviors — such as binge drinking(酗酒) , cigarette smoking and careless driving — present the greatest threat to the well-being(安乐的) of young people in industrialized societies.

       Our findings may be helpful in developing ways to intervene(干涉) and reduce adolescent risk taking," said Chein, a cognitive neuroscientist and the lead author of the study.    

                  

·company 同伴,伙伴。

  commit a crime 犯罪;干坏事

  shed light on 阐明; 解释; ……弄明白

  set out 着手;实施

 

·What does the study demonstrate?

  Teenagers are more susceptible to make risky decisions when they are with friends.  

 

·What present the greatest threat to the young people today?

  Binge drinking, cigarette smoking and careless driving.

 

·Read the sentences and mark them true (T) or false (F).

1.Teenagers are more likely to get in car accidents alone. (F)

2. When teens are with friends,  they are more likely to make risky decisions. (T)

3. The findings may be helpful in developing ways to reduce adolescent risk-taking. (T)

 

IV. Post reading

       Some people take risks, others avoid risks. What kind of person are you? Please write a short paragraph to explain your preference. 


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