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初三教案 第666期
发布时间:2021-09-22

4/666期初三教案

甄晓芳

 

Tragic anniversary (P2)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·Where is the location of the attack?

·Who launched the 9/11 terrorist attacks?

·How many people were killed in the 9/11 attacks?

 

II. While reading

1. How many years have passed since the 9/11 attacks

A. 9 years.                

B. 11 years.

C. 20 years.              

D. 50 years.

 

call for-- publicly ask for or demand something.要求,提倡

e.g. The report calls for an audit of endangered species. 

 

2. What happened in the 9/11 attacks?

Terrorists hijacked four airplanes.

Terrorists attacked many politicians in the US.

Terrorists attacked the White House.

Terrorists attacked some famous buildings in the US.

A. ①②                      B. ①④

C. ②③                      D. ②④

 

fly-(v.) flew-flown-flying- (n.) flight

 

conjunction: while

1.during the time that; at the same time as ...时候.

"Nothing much changed while he was away"

2.whereas (indicating a contrast) 表对照”.

"One person wants out, while the other wants the relationship to continue"

3.in spite of the fact that; although 虽然.

"While I am willing to help, i don't have much time available."

 

3. The US said it started wars after 9/11 to _____.

A. stop terrorism

B. boost the economy

C. develop the military

D. increase the population

 

neither...nor...

并列连词:既不  也不

 

on the grounds of...

...为理由

e.g. He qualified for help on the grounds of disability.

ground:(usu pl.) 充分的理由,根据

 

4. What do we know about the wars started by the US?

A. US people are happy to see the wars.

B. It’s the best way for the US to fight against terrorism.

C. People liked the US because of the wars.

D. They cost the US lives and money.

 

release: 公开;发布,发行;释放(~data; a prisoner; an album)

in the name of... ...名义

e.g. Everything is done in the name of love.

 

5. Sourabh Gupta might agree that _____.

A. Al-Qaeda terrorists have all been killed after years of effort

B. the “war on terror” was not worth the expense

C. the US has no money to support the anti-terrorism war

D. terrorist attacks like 9/11 will never happen again

 

be well/badly (poorly) off/ be better/worse (poorer) off

生活富裕(困窘);处境良好(糟糕)

reputation 声誉 reputational(ly)

fiscal: connected with government or public money 财政的,国库的 

withdraw v. (withdrew,withdrawn)  n. withdrawal

撤退,收回, 提款

forces 武装力量,兵力

ending a 20-year war在句中做结果状语。

 

III. Words in use

Fill in the blanks, using the correct forms of the words given.

1. Summer has just  _____(fly) by.

2. He reached into his pocket and ______ (withdraw) a sheet of notepaper. 

3. Nowadays, families in China are much _____ (well) off than decades ago. 

4. Many people want to avoid the ______ (reputation) risk.

5. A flood struck Henan province, ____ (kill) 302 people.

 

补全句子

in the name of, release, on the grounds of, call for, while

6. The new movie will  __________next month.

7. This job ______ a lot of patience. 

8. He made a donation _________ his late (已故的) wife.

9. Discrimination (歧视) ____________sexual orientation (性取向), gender (性别) or race are wrong.

10. Tom is very good at science ______ his brother is absolutely hopeless.

 

翻译句子并模仿造句

11. The US economy lost up to $200 billion (about 1.28 trillion yuan), while the world lost $1 trillion (about 6.4 trillion yuan), according to a UN report.

翻译:我妹妹擅长理科而我则喜欢文科。

 

翻译句子并模仿造句

12.  20 years later,  terrorism has neither been eliminated (消除), nor have the people been protected from wars(倒装)

翻译:他对这场比赛既不感兴趣,也不关心比赛结果。

       

IV. Further reading

Read the passage and answer the questions.

            The September 11 attacks, (also commonly referred to as 9/11), were a series of four coordinated(协同合作的) terrorist attacks by the militant Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States of America on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.                                           

 

Fatalities: 2,996

Date: Sep 11, 2001

Location: Manhattan, New York, US. ; Arlington County, Virginia, US. ; Stonycreek Township near, Shanksville, Pennsylvania, US.Attack type: Aircraft hijackings, Suicide attacks, Mass murder, Islamic terrorism

Deaths:2,996, (2,977 victims + 19 al-Qaeda terrorists)

                                                                                         Nineteen al-Qaeda terrorists who were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations hijacked four US passenger planes between 8 and 9 am. Two of the planes crashed into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center. Some 2,750 people were killed in New York, 184 at the Pentagon, and 40 in Pennsylvania (where one of the hijacked planes crashed after the passengers attempted to retake the plane).

 

            On December 18, 2001, Congress approved naming September 11 “Patriot Day” to commemorate(纪念) the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. In 2009, Congress named September 11 a National Day of Service and Remembrance.

 

refer to...as......看作是

a series of...一系列的

referred to as 9/11 在句子做定语修饰 the Sep 11 attacks.

fatality:死亡 hijack: 劫持 suicide:自杀 mass murder 大屠杀

the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center世贸中心双子塔

the Pentagon 美国五角大楼

approve 批准通过 approve of 赞成,同意

name 命名 (接双宾语)

remember/commemorate 纪念 (com-强调,-memor 记忆) memory

 

V. Post reading

Group Discussion - Can we ever truly achieve world peace? How can the world achieve peace? or What are the steps to the world peace? (Each group chooses a representative to present your opinions to the whole class)

 

参考答案

II. CBADB

III. 1. flown 2. withdrawn 3. better 4. reputational 5. killing 6. be released 7. calls for 8. in the name of 9. on the grounds of 10. while

11. 根据联合国报告,美国经济损失高达两千亿美元而全球则损失一万亿美元.

    My sister does well in Science while I am interested in Arts.

12. 二十年后,恐怖主义既没有被消除,人民也没有摆脱战争的阴霾。

    He was neither interested in this game, nor did he care about the result.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making dreams come true (P6)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·What is the meaning of the word metaverse?

·How is the metaverse going to change the world?

 

II. While reading

imagine (doing) sth.

e.g. I can never imagine living on the moon.

Dreams come/become true/real.

 

2. What do we know from Paragraph 2?

A. How to join the metaverse.

B. People’s imagination of the metaverse.

C. An introduction to the game company.

D. Where the word “metaverse” comes from.

 

VR--virtual reality 虚拟现实  

metaverse 3D虚拟世界

combine v. 结合 n. combination    

refer to...指的是

 

1. In the metaverse, you _____.

A. can meet anyone you want to see

B. might feel what you can touch

C. can create your own virtual world

D. can design your own video games

 

Wearing a VR headset, you can meet other people wherever they are. 戴上VR头戴式设备,我们可以和虚拟场景中人物相遇。wearing 引导伴随状语。wherever 引导地点状语

vice adj. 副职的 vice president 副总裁,副总统

as rich as the real world  和现实世界一样丰富多彩

tech (short for technology) company: 高科技公司

 

3. According to VOA News, _____.

A. the metaverse will take the place of traditional video games

B. scenes in the metaverse are all simulations of reality

C. you can visit any place you want to in the metaverse

D. the metaverse will take the place of real life

 

matter v. 重要  Your attitude really matters.

 

4. What is Cathy Hackl’s attitude toward the metaverse?

A. She thinks the metaverse is just a different kind of reality.

B. The metaverse will hardly change our lives.

C. It is not good for kids to join the metaverse.

D. The technology still needs to be developed.

 

It didn't make it less real for him.=It  made it so real for him.

(正是因为音乐会安排在video game场景中,一切对于他来说都显得那么真实/并没有让他觉得不真实。)(仿佛置身于现实场景中)

 

否定词+比较级是英语中一个比较有用的表达,字面意思是不比...如:He isn't taller than me.(他不比我高。)

但很多情况下,要结合具体语境来理解,如:

I've never had a more pleasant trip before.= This is the best trip I've ever had.(这是我最愉快的旅行)Mr. Steve is great to work for-- I really couldn't ask for a better boss.(我确实找不到比他更好的老板了)

 

III. Words in use

1. Filling the blanks, using the correct forms of the words given.

            Have you ever imagined______(go) inside of a video game which _________(call) the “metaverse”.

            The metaverse is a _____(share) virtual (虚拟的) 3D world, or worlds. The word is a ________(combine) (结合) of “meta”, which means ____, and “verse”, ____ refers to “universe”. The word first appeared _____ a 1992 science fiction book _____(call) Snow Crash. In this story, people wear virtual reality (VR) headsets ____(see) and join the metaverse.

            Now, _____ happens in the book ________ (become) a reality. _____ (wear) a VR headset, you can meet other people _____ they are. You can work and play with them. It will feel real _____ the technology can simulate (模拟) our senses: vision (视觉), hearing, touch, and even smell.

            “We’re talking about _____ (create) another reality, another world, that’s as _____ as the real world,” said Rev Lebaredian, vice president of simulation technology at NVIDIA, a US tech company.

            So, what can you do _____ of the metaverse? Your location (位置) will no longer _____, says VOA News. In the metaverse, “people … would _______ (connect) at all times ...” You can meet friends from other countries and go ___ a virtual beach vacation together, or go anywhere _____(其他) you can imagine. Can’t find a friend to play basketball? Jump ____ the metaverse and find some friends to play ____ or go to a concert!

 

2. 用所给短语或词汇翻译句子。

a) 我们读什么比读多少等重要.It is...that...; matter

b) VR指的是virtual reality. (refer to) 

c) A combination of talent, hard work and good looks have taken her to the top.

 

3. 翻译句子并模仿造句

d) 我无法想象每天有做不完的作业。(imagine doing)

e) 他不再相信自己的判断了。(no longer)

 

no longer = not...any longer

no more =not...any more

 

IV. Further reading

'Metaverse': the next internet revolution?

            Imagine a world where you could sit on the same couch as a friend who lives thousands of miles away, or conjure up(突发奇想) a virtual version of your workplace while at the beach.

            As with many tech buzzwords(流行词), the definition of the metaverse depends on whom you ask. But broadly, it involves blending the physical world with the digital one.

            With the help of augmented(增强的,扩大的) reality glasses, it might allow you to see information whizz(能人,专家) before your eyes as you walk around a city, from traffic and pollution updates to local history.

            But metaverse enthusiasts are dreaming of a future in which the idea could be extended(延伸,扩大) much further, allowing us to be transported to digital settings that feel real, such as a nightclub or a mountaintop.As workers have grown weary(疲惫的,厌烦的) of video-conferences during the pandemic, Zuckerberg is particularly excited about the idea that co-workers could be brought together in a virtual room that feels like they are face-to-face.

 

as with 正如,与...一样

blend...with... ...混合

physical 现实的 /digital 数码的,虚拟的

enthusiasm(热情)-enthusiast(爱好者)-enthusiastic(热情的)

dream of ...(梦想)

be  excited/enthusiastic about...

 

V. Post reading

Group Discussion - How is Metaverse going to change the world? Do you welcome this hot new thing in tech? why?

 

参考答案

II. DBCA

III. 1. going, is called, shared, combination, beyond, which, in, called, to see, what, is becoming, Wearing, wherever, because, creating, rich, inside, matter, be connected, on, else, into, with

2. a) It is what we read that really matters, not how much we read.

b) VR refers to virtual reality.

c) 天赋、勤奋和美貌使她成为佼佼者。

3. d) I can't imagine having endless homework to do every day.

e) He could no longer trust his own judgment.


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