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初三教案 第667期(2)
发布时间:2021-09-27

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

5-6/667期初三教案

万红伟

 

Grow with the climate (P6)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·What are the main causes of floods in Henan and typhoons in southeast China?

·How do people cope with the high temperature in summer and freezing cold in winter?

 

II. While reading

1. Why do animals “shapeshift” according to the text?

____________________________

 

 

shapeshift 为合成词,这是由when引导的时间状语从句,指出人们一听到shapeshift一般会联想到科幻电影,而不会想到气候。第二句but转折,that代指shapeshiftwhat引导的表语从句点明其真正含义,即deal with climate change动物应对气候变化的一种方式。

 

think of 想起      

think about 考虑   

think over 再三考虑

 

deal with 处理,应对(强调方式),常与how搭配

How do you deal with the situation?你如何应对这种情况?

do with 处理某事(强调内容),常与what搭配

What should we do with all this rainy weather?

我该拿这些可爱的小狗怎么办呢?

 

2. Animals change their shapes along with climate change to _____.

A. stay cool

B. hide themselves

C. collect heat

D. find more food

 

in this way 通过这种方式     

in a ...way 通过某种方式

She smiled in a friendly way.

on the way to  ...途中       

by the way 顺便说一下

 

cool down 冷却,冷静  

as 由于,引导原因状语从句。

译:由于全球变暖,它们可以通过这种方式消耗热量给自己降温。

 

3. What is the main message from Sara Ryding?

A. Human beings can stop climate change.

B. Climate change affects both people and animals.

C. Humans can adapt to climate change better than animals.

D. Many animals will die out with climate change.

 

overcome [ˌəʊvəˈkʌm] 克服,战胜

overcome the difficulties

 

solve [sɒlv] 解决,处理

solve the problems

 

adapt (sth) to (使)适应

翻译:College students need to adapt to their new life on campus.

 

4. What might happen if animals cannot control their body temperature?

_______________________________________

 

 

overheat 过热   

over-(prefix)过度, 超过

 

if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时态或由情态动词引出,从句用一般现在时。此句

I will stay at home if it rains tomorrow

 

fail to do 未能(成功)做某事

failure(n.)失败

 

species[ˈspiːʃiːz] 物种,种类,单复同形

 

英语中如何表达倍数?

①倍数+as+adj./adv.原级+as+其他  

The classroom is twice as large as ours.

②倍数+adj./adv.比较级+than+其他

That classroom is two times larger than ours. 

 

since+过去的时间点,句子常用现在完成时。

 

over the years

多年以来

 

5. How are bats in warm climates changing themselves?

_______________________________

 

similar [ˈsɪmələ(r)] adj. 相像的,类似的

be similar to ...相似       

in a similar way 以类似的方式

 

masked戴面具的,假面的,由n.+ed转换而来,表示具有...的特点。如manned spaceship(载人的)宇宙飞船;strong-minded意志坚强的;blue-eyed蓝眼睛的

 

6. The purpose of Paragraph 4 is to _____.

A. Show how many stages animals’ shapeshifting has had

B. Think about other reasons for changes in animals

C. Show examples of animals’ shapeshifting

D. Report how many species have changed

 

7. What does Sara mean in the last paragraph?

__________________________

 

end up with ...而告终

live-action 实景真人的

Dumbo是迪士尼动画里的小飞象,耳朵很大,意为动画小飞象形象可能会成真,现实中的大象耳朵会因适应环境而变大。

 

·What other changes will climate change bring? Please write them down.

 

critical thinking思辨能力考查

可以从自身、家庭或社会及国家或更高的层面进行思考,如自身感知或经历的旱涝灾害和极端天气,如环境污染及应对(新能源和低碳出行),如全球气候变暖,冰川融化以及各国积极响应碳中和等。

Referencesflood disaster and extreme weatherrising of sea level destruction of habitat for animals and plants migrationetc.

 

III. Further reading

Read the passage and answer the questions.

            A body part adaptation refers to a body part of the animal that has changed over time to better suit survival in the animal’s environment. 

            A common animal adaptation is a giraffe’s long neck. Giraffes have adapted in many ways for life in the grasslands of East Africa. Their long necks allow them to reach leaves from high branches, and their spots(斑点) are an example of a body-covering adaptation that helps protect them from being hunted by predators(捕食者).                                           

            Similar to camels, giraffes have also adapted to life in a region where there is little water. They can go weeks without water and also consume most of their water from morning dew(露水) and the plants they eat.      

 

1.  The giraffes’ long necks can make it easier for them to _____________.  

2. ____ are an important body-covering adaptation for giraffes to avoid being hunted. 

3. How do giraffes survive in regions where there is little water? 

 

 

Suppose you’re a member of the migrating elephants and deliver a speech. You may include: 

lReasons

lDamages

lApology

lHopes

 

IV. Practice

A. Complete the sentences with proper words.

1. F_____is the mother of success.

2. We should try to practice more to  o______  stage fright and find better ways to s ____  problems when there is an emergency.

3. The twins have very ____(相似的) interests.

4. A____ the sun was shining, it wasn’t very warm.

 

B. Fill in the blanks with proper phrases. Each can be used only once. Change the forms where necessary.

adapt... to, in a friendly way, think of, end up with, calm down, deal with

5. I entered the competition with no hope, but I ___________a golden prize!

6. It always takes time to _____ ourselves _____ a new environment, but we need to face it bravely.

7. Quarrels even happen between close friends. Both should try to calm down and talk with each other ____________ in order to keep a long-lasting friendship.

8. We need to ______ ways to improve our English.

9. The government has taken prompt(迅速的) action to ________ the flood in Henan.

 

C. Translate the sentences into Chinese.

10. If animals fail to control their body temperature, they can overheat and die.

__________________________________________

 

11. Although the changes are still small, Ryding said they could be more obvious as the days become hotter.

________________________________________________

 

参考答案

II.1. To deal with climate change.

2. A

3. B

4. They might overheat and die.(细节题,寻找关键词,精确定位。)

5. They have bigger wings.(寻找关键词法,精确定位)

6. C

7. Elephants’ ears might grow bigger in the near future.

III. 1. reach leaves from high branches

2. Spots

3. They consume most of their water from morning dew and the plants they eat.

IV. 1. Failure 2. overcome; solve 3. similar 4. Although 5. ended up with 6. adapt to 7. in a friendly way 8. think of 9. deal with

10. 如果动物不能控制体温,他们可能会因体温过高而死亡。

11. 赖丁称,尽管变化仍然很小,但随着天气变热,这些变化可能会更加明显。

 

 

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

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