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初三教案 第668期
发布时间:2021-10-08

7/668期初三教案

栗红梅

 

Farewell, Ms Merkel (P2)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

·Do you know about any female political leaders?

1.German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Merkel is also one of the longest-serving national leaders.

2.Croatian (克罗地亚) president Korynda. The first woman Croatian president, also the youngest.

3.Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. The first female head of government in Thailand’s history.

4.Christina Fernandez, Argentina's female president. Christina Fernandez is the first democratically elected president in Argentina.

 

·What about Angela Merkel, German Chancellor?

  Merkel has "Iron Lady" Reputation(铁娘子名誉) in German Politics and is also one of the longest-serving national leaders.

 

II. While reading

1. How long has Angela Merkel been the German Chancellor?

_________________________________

 

Chancellor['tʃɑnsələ]总理

step down give up or retire from a position)走下;

election n. elect v.选举

 

2. What did Merkel do before she entered politics?

____________________________

 

research scientist 研究员;

研究科学家;

高级研究员enter politics 进入政界

 

3. How many times was Merkel chosen as chancellor?

A. Once.

B. Twice.

C. Three times.

D. Four times.

 

trustworthy adj. 值得信任的;be worthy of 值得,应得到

economic power经济强国

 

2008年爆发了全球性的金融危机,此次危机极为严重,为上个世纪30年代的经济大萧条以来最为严重的危机,对全球经济产生了广泛的影响,可称之为金融海啸

 

COVID-19 pandemic新型冠状病毒大流行

leadership n.领导;领导人;领导能力;领导地位

“-ship”后缀表示性质状态companionship/friendship

表示身份职位ambassadorship/citizenship

表示技能workmanship

表示一个团体的成员membership

 

4. Facing crises, Merkel _____.

A. caused a lot of trouble

B. took proper actions

C. turned to the EU for help

D. didn’t care about her people

 

two-way trade 双边贸易;双向贸易

trillion[ˈtrɪljən]一万亿 billion 十亿

influence n./v. 影响

 

5. According to China Daily, _____.

A. the Germany-China relationship has improved under Merkel’s leadership

B. the China-Germany relationship stopped because of the pandemic

C. China spends lots of money buying German technology each year

D. China set up relations with Germany in 2016

 

6. What made Germany the biggest host country of refugees in Europe in 2019?

____________________________________________

 

 

caring adj. 充满关怀的

caring for nature 关爱大自然

refugee[ˌrefju(ː)ˈdʒiːz] n. 难民

难民是国际社会的一个特殊群体,是战争、种族迫害、部族矛盾、国家领土变动、政治避难、自然灾害、经济恶化等原因造成的一个不能或不愿回原籍国的群体。

 

7. How did Merkel deal with refugees?

A. She drove them out of Germany.

B. She cared and helped many refugees.

C. She sent refugees back to their countries.

D. She visited their home countries.

 

symbolize v. 象征

e.g. No one knows for sure when or why it began to symbolize peace.

没有人确切地知道它是什么时候或者为什么开始成为和平的象征。

era n. 时代;纪元

e.g. These talks could predict a new era of peace.

这些谈判可能预示着新的和平时代的来临。

 

8. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. Germany developed fast under Merkel’s leadership.

B. Merkel was the best Chancellor in Germany ever.

C. German people prefer Merkel to be their next Chancellor. 

D. Merkel’s leadership has been deeply influential.

 

III. Further reading

Read the passage and answer the questions.

    As Merkel prepares to leave office, many think Germany’s ‘golden age’ is over. Under the leadership of Chancellor Angela Merkel, Germany’s power and influence in European — and global — affairs has been indisputable(无可置疑的).

    Now she’s leaving office after 16 years, many Europeans believe the country’s “golden age” is over — including a majority(多数) of Germans, according to a recent poll(投票).

    The survey, conducted by the European Council on Foreign Relations think tank in 12 EU countries in early summer with the results published this week, found that Europeans still regard Merkel as a unifying force, and expect Germany to continue to provide leadership within the EU. Nonetheless(然而), there is pessimism(悲观主义) at home and abroad about Germany’s post-Merkel future.

 

1. Merkel’s preparing to leave office symbolizes Germany’s ___________.

2. Under the leadership of _________________, Germany’s power and influence play an important part in European and global affairs. 

3. What do the Europeans still expect Germany to do?

 

IV. Post reading

    German Chancellor Angela Merkel was in China for her seventh visit since 2005.

    In her speech delivered at Tsinghua University, Merkel said that Germany and China can cooperate in sustainable growth 

    Find more information about the speech at Tsinghua University.

 

V. Words in use

A. Complete the sentences with proper words.

1.The party became more popular under his l______.

2. Texas has a long history of ______ (贸易) with Mexico.

3. Children need a ______ (充满关怀的) environment.

4. I thought Sonny would be a good ______ on you.

5. I used to think Emily was honest and ______ (值得信赖的), but now I know better.

 

B. Fill in the blanks with proper phrases. Each can be used only once. Change the forms where necessary.

enter politics, step down, economic power, research scientist

    Merkel was a ______ before she ______. Germany is an ______ in Europe and has greater influence during the time of Merkel. In 2021, Merkel ______ as chancellor.

 

C. Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1. During her time as Chancellor, the China-Germany relationship saw good progress.

____________________________________________

 

2. Merkel will be remembered as a leader who was calm and trustworthy in the face of crisis.

____________________________________________

 

参考答案

II.1. 16 years.

2. She worked as a research scientist.

3. D2005年当选,后来又三次当选,故一共在任四次。

4. B。也可以从德国新冠肺炎死亡人数远低于欧洲其他国家这件事上看出默克尔采取了恰当的措施来应对危机。

5. A。后文给出的双边贸易的示例具体印证了中德关系的发展。

6. Almost 1.15 million refugees.

7. B。默克尔允许大批来自叙利亚,阿富汗和伊拉克的难民进入德国。

8. D。默克尔的卸任标志着德国甚至欧洲一个时代的结束,体现了默克尔的领导在德国乃至欧洲都有深远的影响。

III. 1. ‘golden age’ is over

   2. Chancellor Angela Merkel

   3. To continue to provide leadership within the EU.

V. A: 1. leadership 2. trade 3. caring 4. influence 5. trustworthy

  B: research scientist; entered politics; economic power; stepped down

C: 1. 在默克尔担任总理期间,中德关系有很大的进展。

   2. 人们将记住默克尔是一位面对危机时冷静而值得信赖的领导人。

 

 

 

 

All the air you can eat (P6)

 

 

I. Pre-reading

喝西北风” in Chinese means to have nothing to eat or to live only on air.

·What do you think people and other animals live on?

·Can we live only on air?

由中国一句耳熟能详的成语喝西北风引入主题,以此展开科学发现之旅,这种可能性不禁引人入胜。

 

II. While reading

中国科学院天津工业生物技术研究所

breakthrough n. 突破,重大进展

carbon dioxide [ˌkɑːbən daɪˈɒksaɪd] CO2, 二氧化碳

 

非限定性定语从句,是对主句的补充说明,通常与主句用逗号隔开。e.g. She heard a terrible noise, which brought her heart into her mouth.

 

1. Compared to the process used by plants, it’s _____ to make starch using CO2.

A. harder                   

B. easier

C. slower                  

D. complex

 

2. Where may we create starch according to the study?

______________________________

 

benefit n. 利益,好处;救济金 vt./ vi. 有益于,受益

eg. Both sides have benefited from the talks.双方都从会谈中获益。

 

hydrogen gas [ˈhaɪdrədʒən ɡæs]氢气

molecule [ˈmɒlɪkjuːl] 分子

piece n.块;件 v.接合;凑合

 

come out 出现;出版

come about 发生

come across 偶遇

come after 跟随

come along 随同

come apart 破碎

 

3. From Paragraph 5 we can learn _____.

A. why the new finding is meaningful

B. what scientists researched in the past

C. where the starch compounds are used

D. how starch is made from CO2

 

4. The starch is compounded in the order of _____.

CO2

methanol molecules

starch

hydrogen gas

complex molecules

replace v. 取代 recycle v. 回收

前缀re-表示:"""向后"例如:return(返回)recall(回忆);"""重新""重复"例如:review(复习)

 

not only...but also...不但,而且

tradition n. 传统 traditional adj. 传统的

 

that在定语从句中作宾语或介词宾语时可省略。

He is reading the book (that) he bought yesterday. 他在读他昨天买的书。

 

exploration n. 探究

astronaut n. 宇航员

 

breathe v. 呼吸

breath n. 呼吸

take a deep breath 深呼吸

 

5. How does the new finding help us?

a. It helps protect our environment.

b. It helps save natural resources.

c. It deals with the food problems of astronauts.

d. It helps people have healthy diets.

A. abc             B. abd            

C. acd             D. bcd

 

III. Further reading

Read the passage and finish the tasks.

Food Facts in China

    October 16 is the World Food Day — a day that commemorates(纪念) the founding of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization on October 16, 1945. To mark this special day, CGTN has put together of food facts in China.

1. Data from The Paper reveals(显示) that the average daily calorie(卡路里) intake for a Chinese person was 3,084 kcal in 2013, twice the amount in 1961.    2. Although grain is the main source of energy for Chinese people, consumption (消耗) of sugar, red meat and fat is higher than ever before.

3. Some Chinese are gradually adapting a Westernized diet. However, there is still a significant(显著的) difference between the East and the West’s diet structure.

4. Rice consumption is especially strong in Asian countries. Chinese consume more rice than wheat.      

5. Chinese people are one of biggest vegetable eaters. By 2000, China ranked first in the world average consumption of vegetables, according to data from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. China's per capita consumption of vegetables in 2013 was 347.83 kilograms, while the rest of the world’s per capita vegetable consumption was no more than 280 kilograms.                                           

 

1. The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization was founded on ______, 1945.

2. Now a Chinese person takes in ______ the amount of calories that people did in 1961. 

3. What do Chinese consume more, rice or wheat?

 

IV. Post reading

Science has greatly changed our daily lives.

Think about the things you eat and use in daily life:

·How does science change people’s lives?

·Do you have any big dreams that can make a difference in our lives?

 

V. Practice

A. Complete the sentences with proper words.

1.He finally has a ________(突破) in his creation.

2. A large number of students will _______(受益) from the new teaching method.

3. One thing you can't ____ (回收) is wasted time.

4. We've  _____ (取代)the old adding machine with a computer.

 

B. Fill in the blanks with proper phrases. Each can be used only once. Change the forms where necessary.

come across, come out, come apart

1. Bats only _________ at night.

2. We've just  _________ an old friend.

3. The camera just  ________ in his hands.

 

C. Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1. Our study shows that creating complex compounds (化合物) like starch is possible in a lab (实验室), and there are many areas that can benefit from this technology.

__________________________________________

 

2. Astronauts no longer need to worry about their food as they travel in space.

__________________________________________

 

参考答案

II.1. B。与植物通过光合作用制造淀粉需要大约60步相比,新的研究发现,通过二氧化碳转化成淀粉只需要11步,过程简化了很多。

2. In a lab.

3. DSteps of making starch from CO2.

4. C

5. A。从最后两段可得知,新发现使我们在很多方面受益,只有d项没有提及。

III. 1. October 16

   2. twice

   3. Rice.

IV. A: 1. breakthrough 2. benefit 3. recycle 4. replaced

   B: 1. come out 2. come across 3. came apart

   C. 1. 我们的研究表明在实验室里创造出化合物比如淀粉是可能的,并且有许多领域可以从这项技术中受益。

      2. 当宇航员们在太空旅行时,他们不再需要担心他们的食物。

 

 

 


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