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2021-2022学年度高二第43期总第873期 (4版)
发布时间:2022-06-06

本期报纸学案共3页:  1  2  3

2021-2022学年度第43期总第873

Test reveals your traits (page 4)

 

Read for main idea

Read the passage and find out what it introduces.

_______________________________________________

 

Read for structure

Read the article and divide it into three parts. Then summarize the main ideas of each part.

Paras 1-3  _________________________

Paras 4-6  _________________________

Para 7      _________________________

 

Read for details: part I

1. What drew people’s attention to the test?

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

 

2. What do we know about the MBTI? (developers, process, result, application)

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

 

Read for details: part II

1. How reliable is the test? Why?

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

 

2. How does the writer analyze the reasons? What effect can be achieved this way?

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

 

Read for details: part III

What is the writer’s attitude toward the tests and their future?

A. Optimistic

B. Neutral

C. Pessimistic

D. Indifferent

 

 

Language study

Complete the sentences and check the answers.

1. ____ (develop) by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers in the US in the 1940s, the test grew to become the standard for personality tests.

2. _____ (categorize) like this prevents people from appreciating their complexities (复杂性) and deeper selves, …

3. Tests and tools ___ help people better understand ___ they are and ___ they think are very powerful and can still help in some aspects of life.

4. ___ science and technology develop, people can look forward to more accurate tests that truly embrace ____ wonderfully complex and ever-changing humans really are.

 

参考答案

Read for main idea

It mainly introduces a personality test called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).

 

Read for structure

Paras 1-3  Introduction to the MBTI

Paras 4-6  How reliable is the MBTI?

Para 7  Authors opinion on personality tests and their future.

 

Read for details: part I

1. Gu Ailing’s recent interview with GQ magazine.

 

2. developers: Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers

process: answer more than 90 questions

result: a four-letter personality result & a detailed description

application: many companies and organizations use it when hiring or evaluating staff; Chinese netizens use it as a tool to guide their lives and relationships

 

Read for details: part II

1. It isn’t recognized as scientifically valid.

Reasons:

The test was based on the theories of Swiss psychologist Carl Jung, whose personality “types” were just rough classifications (粗略的分类) of what he observed.

In addition, neither of the test designers was a trained psychologist.

The test is too “black and white”. The results place people into only one of each of the four categories, but people’s personalities are complex.

People’s behavior and traits (特点) also change over time.

 

2. The writer lists the reasons mainly by quoting remarks from newspapers and websites.

It can achieve objectivity and show authority.

 

Read for details: part III

A

 

Language study

1. Developed

2. Being categorized

3. that, who, how

4. As, how

本期报纸学案共3页:  1  2  3

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