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中考完形填空真题解析(一)
作者:21ST
时间:2009-01-20

(08临沂中考)

Stress is the feeling you get when you’re really worried about something. This is the kind of worry that troubles you for hours, or even days. It makes you feel 31 , scared, or angry. You may find it difficult to eat and sleep, or you might eat and sleep much 32 than usual. Stressing out will lead to serious problems like heart illness. 33 not all stress is bad for you. The good kind 34 your body and mind alert (机敏的) and can make you perform better, like when you’re giving a speech to your class or running to the finish line.

What causes stress? Do you know 35 your dad is worried about the bills (帐单), or your mom is unhappy? Because they’re stressed out! There are lots of things in your life that 36 cause stress — having too much homework, taking a test in a subject that you are not good 37 , or hearing your parents argue!

There are some ways to 38 stress. If you’re stressed out, try these quick and easy ways to relax! Take part in sports and out-of-class activities. Try to get at least eight hours of sleep every night. Eat a healthy, balanced 39 that includes all kinds of food. Talk with your close friends, family members or teachers. It’ll make you feel better, and 40 may be able to give you advice and help you solve your problem.

31. A. calm B. excited C. surprised D. upset

32. A. more B. most C. better D. best

33. A. So B. Or C. And D. But

34. A. stops B. loses C. keeps D. provide

35. A. how B. why C. when D. where

36. A. can B. need C. must D. should

37. A. on B. at C. in D. for

38. A. start with B. agree with

C. deal with D. come up with

39. A. tofu B. vegetables C. fruit D. diet

40. A. they B. we C. she D. he

该题为选择型完形填空题,本文的第一句为压力下定义,据此可预测本文与压力有关。这是一篇说明文,阐述了什么是压力,及其后果、利弊、产生原因和排解方式。短文长度适中,共设10个空。选项的设计体现了“三个重视”:重视考生对语篇的理解;重视考生思维的准确性;重视考生对常用词汇的辨析。

31. D 解析:考查形容词辨析。 根据上文的trouble以及下文与空中所缺词并列的 scared, angry 可知只有upset最符合句意。

32. A 解析:考查副词辨析和语法。由句中的than可知需要填入的词应该是比较级,首先排除B、D;再由本句话的前后两句话可知,这三句话说明压力给人的坏处,因而只有more符合题意。

33. D 解析:考查连词辨析和逻辑关系。前面表述的都是压力给人们带来的坏处,而本句的意思为:并不是所有的压力对人们有坏处。因此,上下文为转折关系。只有But符合文意。

34. C 解析:考查语法。一般and前面的结构和句意一致;另由动宾搭配可知只有keep后可跟名词+形容词结构。故本题选C。

35. B 解析:考查宾语从句的引导词。本句话同后面的一句话构成了一个完整的设问句,由其答语Because they’re stressed out!判断,只有why符合句意。

36. A 解析:考查情态动词表示推测。本句的意思为:生活中有许多事情可能造成心理压力。而这四个词中,can表示“能,会”;need表示“需要”;must表示“必定”;should表示“应该”。故而只有can符合句意。

37. B 解析:考查固定搭配:be good at,故而选B。

38. C 解析:考查动词短语辨析以及其动宾搭配。本段讲述排解压力的方法。故而只有deal with符合文意。

39. D 解析:考查名词辨析和逻辑关系。由句意可知只有diet可以同本句后面的“all kinds of food”相对应。故而选D。

40. A 解析:考查逻辑关系和代词辨析。空中代词应指代your close friends, family members or teachers,只有they符合文意。


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