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高一教案 第658期
发布时间:2016-12-19

Masters’ work wins many fans (P1)
山东省烟台第二中学  柳力文
 
I. Warming up
1.Have you ever thought about life after graduation? What job do you want to do in the future?
2.What factors will you consider while choosing your career?
3.What qualities do you think you should have in order to be qualified for your ideal job?
 
II. Pre-reading
1. Look at the title of the article. What do you think is the job of the masters?
Repairing items in the Forbidden City.
2. What do you expect this job to be like? (Imagine what the “masters” do and describe the job with proper adjectives.)
Boring as you may think this job is, it has gained a big following recently. Let’s take a look and find out the reasons!
 
III. Skimming
1. What documentary is the article about?
Masters in Forbidden City.
2. What is the documentary mainly about?
It is about professional restorers in the Forbidden City repairing ancient paintings, calligraphy, clocks and bronze pieces. 
 
IV. Scanning 
1.What is the relationship between the documentary and the film?
The film is mostly based on the documentary.
2.Why did some people have high expectations for the film after they had watched the documentary?
Because they were attracted by the spirit of the craftsman.
3.How has a documentary about restorers become popular with a young audience? Can you find the reasons?
①Because they are attracted by the spirit of the craftsman. They are impressed by the restorers’ patience and 100 percent focus.
②Many of the restorers are young, which shows young members of the audience the possibility of a different lifestyle.
4.What has/have become popular along with the documentary?
The job of restoring things in the Forbidden City has become popular, and the restorers themselves have become internet celebrities.
Do you think the restorers wanted to be popular in the first place? How do you know this?
•No, because they simply did their jobs and just wanted to show what the job was like, not show themselves off.
•They have a peaceful state of mind. People who have this mindset are not likely to seek fame or popularity.
 
V. Sentence structures 
Complex sentences and special sentence patterns
1. It soon became an internet hit – the first episode alone has been watched nearly 1 million times so far on bilibili.com, a video website with an audience that is mostly made up of young people.
•Note: 句中a video website是bilibili.com的同位语,that is…是定语从句,修饰先行词audience.
 
2. When asked what it was about Masters in Forbidden City that had brought them to the cinema, many of its fans’ answers were the same: the spirit of the craftsman (匠人). 
•Note: When asked…是状语从句的省略,省略了主语和系动词,其完整形式为When fans were asked…; what it was…that…是强调句的特殊疑问句。
•译文:当粉丝们被问到是什么吸引他们到电影院看《我在故宫修文物》的时候,很多人的答案都是一样的——工匠精神。
 
3. And it’s not only the job that has become popular – the restorers themselves have become internet celebrities, too. 
•Note: 句中it’s… that…是强调句。
•不只是这个工作变得受人追捧,工匠们也成了网红。
 
4. This is exactly what the documentary is about – professional restorers (修复师) in the Forbidden City repairing ancient paintings, calligraphy (书法), clocks and bronze (青铜) pieces. 
•Note: 本句破折号前的内容起到承上启下的作用,this指代前文的the spirit of craftsman; what…引导了表语从句,破折号后的动名词结构对前文进一步解释说明,说明了这部纪录片的内容。
 
5. The fact that many of the restorers are young has also made the documentary popular among young people – it has shown them the possibility of a different lifestyle. 
•Note: that…引导同位语从句,说明主语the fact的具体内容。
 
6. It is said that after Masters in Forbidden City  was broadcast in January, 20,000 people applied to work in the Forbidden City. 
•Note: 本句中的it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的that从句。
 
VI. Useful expressions 
1. In January, a three-episode TV documentary, Masters in Forbidden City, was   broadcast   (播出) on China Central Television. 
•broadcast n. 广播节目 vt. 广播 
•broadcast-broadcast-broadcast 或broadcasted, broadcasted
 
2. The restorers’ patience and their 100 percent focus on even the small things for the pieces they love is enough to keep the audience impressed. (印象深刻的) 
Note: 
•impress vt. 给…以深刻印象
•impression n.印象
e.g. 
•She impressed us with both the depth and range of her knowledge.
•His speech left a deep impression on the audience.
•I was impressed by his sense of humor.
 
3. It is said that after Masters in Forbidden City was broadcast in January, 20,000 people applied to work in the Forbidden City. (申请)
Note:
•applicant申请者, application申请(书)
e.g.
•Apply the glue evenly over both surfaces. 涂;敷
•In this way we can better apply our theories to our work. 运用
•He applied for the company’s open position but failed. 申请
•These restrictions do not apply to us.适用于
 
4. This peaceful state of mind is perhaps the most important thing to a craftsman – being devoted (全心投入的) to doing the same thing they love day after day.
Note:
•He devoted himself to helping the poor.
•He devoted his whole life to teaching.
 
VII. Post-reading 
Discussion:
How do you understand the meaning of the spirit of craftsmanship? 
Would you like to work at the Forbidden City in the future? Why or why not? 
 
Monet Changed Art (P4-5) 
太原市外国语学校  王丽媛
I. Pre-reading   
Who is Monet?
Claude Monet was a founder of French Impressionist painting.
Claude Monet (1840-1926) 
 
Have you ever seen any of Monet’s paintings?
What features do they have?
 
Three paintings from the Grainstack series 
Impression, Sunrise
Jean Monet on His Hobby Horse
Women in the Garden
 
II. Reading
Read the article and try to answer the following question:
What is the article mainly about?
It is mainly about Claude Monet and impressionism.
 
Try to answer the following questions:
1. In what way did Monet change 20th century abstract art?
He used a completely different painting style in which he tried to capture brief moments and the ever-changing effects of light on paintings.
2. What did Monet spend almost his whole life trying to do?
Monet spent almost his whole life trying to paint what outdoor light looks like. 
3. Why would Monet paint the same scene from sunrise to sunset?
Because the effects of light on nature are changing all the time and he wanted to capture them.
4. How did Monet explain his impressionist style?
Monet said his impressionist style was a way to show his togetherness with the natural world.
 
Try to judge whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the article you have read:
1. Claude Monet passed away on Dec 5 in 1926. 
2. The sale price for Claude Monet’s painting Meule set a new record for a work of art.
3. Meule is a painting in Monet’s Grainstack series.
4. Meule shows a cone-shaped haystack at the beginning of the day. 
5. Monet’s Grainstack is made up of 20 paintings of the same subject in different light and types of weather.
6. Boudin’s outdoors paintings opened Monet’s eyes to the beauty of nature.
7. The name “impressionism” came from Monet’s painting Meule.  
Key: TFTFFTF
 
III. Discussion 
Choose either Topic 1 or Topic 2:
Topic 1:
Do you like impressionism? Which artistic style or painter do you like best? For what reasons? Have a discussion with your group members about this topic and try to tell others about your favorite artistic style and painter.
Topic 2:
Monet’s teacher Boudin encouraged Monet to become a landscape painter. Later Monet admitted that it was Boudin’s outdoors paintings that opened his eyes to the beauty of nature. Boudin influenced Monet greatly. In some way, we can say, Boudin changed Monet’s life. As high school students, you have many teachers. Which teacher has changed you a lot? In what ways has he or she changed you a lot? Try to share a story of a teacher who has influenced you greatly with your group members.
 
IV. Writing 
Choose either Topic 1 or Topic 2 according to the discussion you have chosen.
Topic 1:
     Write an article describing your favorite artistic style and painter. 
Topic 2:
     Write an article that tells the story of a teacher who has changed you greatly.
 
Driving into future (P6)
哈尔滨市第一中学 张婳
 
I. Pre-reading
Do you want to learn to drive? Why or why not?
 
II. Reading
1. When did the author take her first driving lesson?
Four days after she got her learner’s permit. 
2. Why did the author’s father give her a strange look?
Because she made a mistake by putting her left foot on the brake. 
3. How did the author feel about her first driving experience?
She was excited and she thought she had done well. 
4. Why is driving an important step in the author’s life?
Because it shows that she has grown up and is able to push herself. 
 
III. Vocabulary
Look at these sentences and try to figure out the meanings of the underlined words.
•I would ride up and down the driveway. 
•过去常常做某事 
•I got my learner’s permit. 
•n. 许可证
•That’s when I realized I actually had no clue what I was doing.
•一无所知,毫无头绪
•At that point, whatever Dad said didn’t really matter. 
•vi. 要紧,有关系
•The car matters a great deal to him.
•What matters is that he is still alive.
 
IV. Structure
Look at the sentence and pay attention to the structure of the sentences.
•If you were on the road, you would have just hit a parked car. 
•此句使用了混合虚拟语气,从句表示的是与说话当时事实相反的情况,所以用一般过去时,而主句表示的是对说话之前(即过去)的一种情况的假设,所以谓语动词用“情态动词+have done”。
•虚拟语气常用在表示条件的从句和表示结果的主句中。
条件从句结果从句
与现在事实相反If I (we, you, he, they)+动词过去式(be的过去式用were)主语+would/should+动词原形
与过去事实相反If I (we, you, he, they)+had+过去分词主语+ would/should+ have+过去分词
与将来事实可能相反If I (we, you, he, they)+动词过去式(be的过去式用were)主语+would/should+动词原形
 
“Did you notice John was not at work today?” 
“No. If ____ working, I would have noticed.” 
a.I’d be 
b. I wasn’t 
c. I’d been 
d. weren’t 
 
“Your performance was very good.” 
“I could have done better if I ____ more time.” 
a. have had 
b. had 
c. had had 
d. will have had 
 
IV. Post-reading
•Discussion:
•Learning to drive shows that the author has grown up. Can you think of something that has been important to your growth and has shown that you have grown up? Share it with others.
 

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