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初二教案 第565期
发布时间:2016-12-26

初二16-17年第18期总第565期教案
Secret to good writing (P3)
Pre-reading
1.Do you keep a diary?
2.If you keep a diary, what do you usually write about in your diary?
3.What do you think are the benefits of keeping a diary?

While reading
1. What can we learn about the study?
A. It mainly studied how children write stories nowadays.
B. It studied children below the age of 8 and over 16.
C. 27.1% of the 32,596 children have better writing skills than the others.
D. Not every student who kept a diary has a high level of writing skills.

2. What percentage of kids have the habit of keeping diaries now?
A. 20 percent.
B. 25 percent.
C. 40 percent.
D. 50 percent.

3. Why do fewer kids keep diaries now than five years ago, according to Wilson?
A. Keeping diaries seems to be old-fashioned.
B. Kids do not have enough time to write diaries.
C. Social media gives kids a place to write.
D. Kids do not want to share their thoughts and feelings.

4. What is the main idea of the story?
A. It’s not easy for kids to keep writing diaries.
B. The good points of keeping diaries.
C. Why kids hate keeping diaries.
D. Social media will take the place of diaries.

Words in use
Fill in the blanks: 
drop to    seem    advantage    record
1. I _____ (好像) to have lost all my self-confidence. 
2. Prices _________ (降低到) the lowest point in a year.
3. You have the ________ (优势) over me in experience.
4. We should _____ (记录下) the events of the past.

Post-reading
Write a diary according to the following structure.
Happy things, helping others, plan, progress, feeling, news, health, dream

Riding a bike to explore Beijing (P4)
Pre-reading
1.How do you go to school?
2.Would you ride a bike to school? Why or why not?

While reading
1. The writer stopped riding the bike when he was older because _____.
A. he didn’t have enough money to buy a new bike
B. he didn’t know how to ride a bike
C. it can be dangerous to ride a bike in Australia
D. students couldn’t ride bikes in college

2. When in Beijing, the writer got an old bike from _____.
A. a market
B. his parents
C. his workmate
D. his neighbor

3. To stay safe while riding a bike, the writer suggests all of the following EXCEPT _____.
A. you should concentrate
B. you should wear a helmet
C. you should not go too fast
D. you should ride quickly on the road

4. At the end of the story, the writer _____.
A. calls on people to ride bikes to reduce pollution
B. gives some tips on how to buy a bike
C. compares the bicycle paths in Australia and Beijing
D. explains the problems caused by riding bikes

Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. We are going to have the TV  ____ (修理).
2. _______(既然) it is very cold, you should take care of yourself!. 
3. The boys are going to ________ (很开心) drawing the pictures.
4. As soon as we arrived on the island, we were eager to _______ (探索).

Post-reading
1.Now In Beijing Mobike is very popular. You just need to download an app in your mobile and pay one Yuan per hour.
2.Can you list the advantages and the disadvantages of the Mobike?

New bag can be eaten (P6)
Pre-reading
1.Do you take your own bag while shopping or buy the plastic bags?
2.What are the damages cause by the plastic bags?

While reading
1. According to the second paragraph, which is NOT true of the EnviGreen bag?
A. It is made from natural materials.
B. It does a little harm to the environment.
C. It can break down easily.
D. It can be eaten by humans and animals.

2. What is the main idea of the third paragraph?
A. Who founded the EnviGreen company.
B. How Hedge made the EnviGreen bag.
C. What Hedge thought of the new bag.
D. How long Hedge made the bag.

3. What is the disadvantage of the bag?
A. It is more expensive than a normal bag.
B. It takes a long time to break down.
C. It takes a long time to make.
D. It cannot hold heavy things.

4. In which environment does the EnviGreen bag break down the fastest?
A. Natural air.
B. Hot air.
C. Cold water.
D. Boiling water.

5. What can we tell from the last paragraph?
A. India generates the most plastic waste in the world.
B. India has processed all its plastic waste.
C. China produces more plastic waste than India.
D. The EnviGreen bag may solve the problem of plastic pollution.

Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:    
1. 你可以扔掉你的眼镜了。
You can ________ your glasses. 
2. 他们可以处理各种状况。
They could properly ________ all kinds of situations.
3. 细菌是动物粪便分解成沼气.
Bacteria __________ the animal waste to form methane gas.
4. 这个行程不到两个小时。
The tour is _______ two hours.

Post-reading
Do you think the ban on free plastic bags works in China, if not can you think of some ways to solve the problem of plastic pollution?


答案与解析
P3
1. D。 从文中第二段最后一句Among kids who keep a diary, 27.1% write above the expected () level for their age.  可以得知,经过调查研究, 在记日记的孩子中有27.1%的孩子的写作水平高于同年龄段的孩子,所以并不是所有记日记的孩子的写作水平都高。故答案选D。
2. A。 由第三段Five years ago, one child in four wrote in a diary, but now the number has 五年前每四个孩子中有一个记日记,但是现在每五个孩子中才有一个孩子有记日记的习惯。故答案为A。
3. C。文章的第四段The famous children’s author Jacqueline Wilson, from the United Kingdom, thought social media might be one reason, because it gives children another place to write提到社交媒体是主要的原因,因为它为孩子们提供了另一个写作的空间。故答案为C。
4. B。本题是一道主旨大意题,文章中作者着重强调了记日记的好处。故答案为B。

P4
1. C。 从第二段Once I started university I didn’t even own a bike anymore! It can be very dangerous to ride a bike in cities in Australia可以得知,有时是件很危险的事情。故答案为C。
2. C。第 三段I was given an old black bike by a workmate. 中提到他的同事送给了他一辆自行车。故答案为C。
3. D。从第四段I always wear a helmet to protect my head and never go too fast可以得知为了安全,我总是戴头盔,而且永远不能骑太快。所以D选项不正确。故答案为D。
4. A。文章的最后一段中写道If we all ride bikes, there will be less pollution produced from cars. So what are you waiting for? Get on a bike and ride with me! 作者旨在号召人们都将自行车作为交通工具。所以选A。

P6
1. B。文中第二段The bags bring no harm to the environment可见这种塑料袋对环境无害,故答案为B。
2. B。本题为段落主旨大意题,文章第三段作者主要介绍了EnviGreen研制这种环保塑料袋的过程,所以选择B。
3. A。 从文章第四段第一句Although the EnviGreen bag is about 35 percent more expensive than a common plastic bag, it has many advantages可知这种环保塑料袋比普通的塑料袋贵35%,故答案为A。
4. D。从文章第四段It also breaks down in less than a day in water, and in about 15 seconds in boiling water可知这种塑料袋再沸水中降解只需15秒钟。故答案为D。
5. D。从文章最后一段的最后一句Maybe the EnviGreen bag could be a solution to the world problem of plastic pollution可知这种环保塑料袋的诞生,有可能会解决世界的塑料污染问题。 故答案为D。


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