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初一教案 第598期
发布时间:2017-11-13

第12/598期初一教案
北航实验学校  姜瑶


Should robots have rights? (P2)

I. Pre-reading
What rights do you have?
Can you go to school?
Can you drive a car?

Who else do you think can have rights?
What about robots?

II. While Reading
Choose the answer:
1. What special thing did the robot get on Oct 25?
A. She got her name.
B. She was made into a woman.
C. She got citizenship.
D. She got the same rights as humans.

2. With her AI system, Sophia can do all of the following EXCEPT _____.
A. talk with people
B. do the same things people do
C. learn from books or the internet
D. control the world

3. Some people are not happy about the robot’s citizenship, because they think _____.
A. a robot is just a robot, not a real human
B. the robot may bring danger to humans
C. the robot may help humans’ enemies
D. humans can’t be smarter than robots

4. The last paragraph tells us that _____.
A. the robot can be as nice as anyone else
B. the robot is not as active as you think
C. the robot will treat you badly if you do bad things
D. the robot doesn’t have citizenship

III. Words in use
 根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 一定要小心在暗处的敌人。
    Look out for _____ hiding in the dark.   
2. 持有相同价值观的人更容易成为朋友。
    It’s easy for those who have the same _____ to be friends.
3. 老人总是有面对苦难的智慧。
    Older people have the _____ to face problems in life.

IV. Post-reading
* You may know Apple's Siri, a digital assistant (电子助理). It can answer simple questions and do Web searches (搜索) on the iPhone.
* Microsoft has Cortana, which works similarly, but on Windows phones.
* Google has the Google app for Android phones and iPhones. It says you can get "the information you want, when you need it."


Super business girl (P3)

I. Pre-reading
What do you want to be when you grow up?
Do you have any plans for achieving this goal?
Do you have any relatives who sell things through WeChat?

II. While reading
Choose the answer:
1. Why is Asia so busy every day?
A. Because she always helps others.
B. Because she does business.
C. Because she is not good at schoolwork.
D. Because she helps her father make candles.

2. How long has Asia had her own company?
A. For 14 years.
B. For nine years.
C. For five years.
D. For 19 years.

3. What happened to Asia after appearing on a talk show?
A. More people bought her candles.
B. She closed her company.
C. She bought lots of clothes and food for herself.
D. She decided to become a famous person on TV.

4. From the last paragraph, we know that _____.
A. Asia doesn’t like to teach others how to do business
B. Asia doesn’t think students should learn to do business
C. Asia is better at teaching students than doing business
D. Asia thinks it will be good for students to learn how to make money
     
III. Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
1. Many stars _______ (出现) in the TMall Double-11 Gala.
2. When he was 18 years old, he ______ (继承) his father’s career as a salesman.
3. Jack Ma runs a successful _______ (生意).

IV. Post-reading
Can you guess what Asia Newson plans to do in the future? Let's take a look at her plan. She wants to attend both Michigan State University and University of Michigan before starting her graduate studies at Harvard.

"First I'm going to be mayor (市长) of Detroit. No, first I'm going to be a lawyer (律师), after I study the law and stuff in college. And then I'm going to be mayor of Detroit, and then I'm going to be president of the United States - but I'm still going to be expanding (扩充) my business," Newson said.
From HuffPost


Improv comedy big in Beijing (P4)

I. Pre-reading
What types of comedic performances do you know about?
If you had the chance, would you like to give a comedic performance?
Can you name some famous comedians?

II. While reading
 Choose the answer:
1. What does the phrase “a quick mind” mean?
A. thinking and acting quickly
B. speaking quickly
C. remembering things quickly
D. never being afraid

2. Who can go to the USCCC?
A. Only foreigners.
B. Only Americans.
C. Only Chinese.
D. Both foreigners and Chinese.

3. What do we know about improv?
A. It has been performed in China for hundreds of years.
B. Performers should be able to talk about any topic on the spot.
C. The audience jokes with the performers onstage.
D. Performers prepare many topics for the audience to choose.

4. Paragraph 3 shows an example of ____.
A. how performers act onstage
B. how to make different gestures
C. what the audience can do in improv
D. how to make the audience laugh

5. What does Yan Jin think of the improv classes?
A. It is good for cultural communication.
B. It is a new way to learn English.
C. It gives people a chance to act freely.
D. It costs too much money and time.

III. Words in use
根据提示完成下列句子:
1. Always stay _________ (准备) for any challenges that may come.
2. I feel ______ (放松的) when I watch talk shows.
3. Sun Li is good at ________ (表演) in dramas.

IV. Post-reading
Some principles (法则) of improv:
* Listen: easier said than done, and that's exactly the point
* Agreement: say yes and add something, don‘t reject (反对) ideas
* Teamwork: have a group mind, think of others
* Don't block: stealing jokes / not listening / changing topic
* Relationship: focus on connection between characters, not just the subject of the scene
* Initiation (启动) : who, what, when to set the scene
* Point of view, opinion and intention: have them, these help express and build your character
* Be in character: maintain character throughout the scene
* Don't ask questions: too many questions can make your partner do all the work
* Make active choices: do something. don't be a talking head.


参考答案及解析
【P2】
II. 1. C。根据第一段最后一句she became the first robot in the world to get citizenship可知,这个机器人获得了公民身份。
2. D。根据第3段This means Sophia can talk and act like a human. She also has the ability to learn from people, books and the internet可知ABC在范围内,文中有质疑但并不代表Sophia可以控制世界。
3. B。根据倒数第二段Some think robots like her could be dangerous. They could become enemies of humans if they go out of control可知,人们担心人工智能会给人类带来危险。
4. A。根据倒数第1段“Don’t worry, if you’re nice to me, I’ll be nice to you,” she said可知,Sophia很善良。
III. 1. enemies  2. values   3. wisdom

【P3】
II. 1. B。根据第1段She is very busy because besides schoolwork, she has some business to do.可知,Asia有自己的生意要忙。
2. B。根据前两段可知,Asia5岁开始经商,现在14岁,可知已经从商9年。
3. A。根据文章第3段After that, her sales went up quickly.可知,参加脱口秀后,Asia的生意越做越好。
4. D。从最后一段If I teach other children how to make their own money, it will help them in the long run 可知,Asia认为懂得赚钱对学生们是有好处的。
III. 1. appeared   2. picked up   3. business

【P4】
II. 1. A。根据第一段Performers must come up with their speeches and moves on the spot可知,表演者要快速想出台词和表演出来。
2. D。根据第二段Both foreigners and Chinese can enjoy improv there.可知外国人中国人都可以前往。
3. B。根据第2段They will give the performers a random topic. Performers must then joke about that topic. 可知现场观众提供的话题具有随意性。
4. C。根据第3段主旨句Performers may also have the audience perform together with them.可知本段讲述观众如何参与即兴表演。
5. A。根据最后一段Yan Jin的话I like the USCCC because it lets me experience different ways of acting and cultural communication. 可知她认为这是非常好的文化体验。
III. 1. prepared  2. relaxed  3. performing


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