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高一教案 第698期
发布时间:2017-12-25

The youth of yesterday (P4-5)
邯郸市第一中学 韩雪

I. Lead-in  
Have you ever seen films about young people?
Have you ever seen the film Youth ?
Which scene impressed you most?

II. Skimming
Read the article quickly and answer the question.
What is the main idea of the article?
The article introduces the film Youth, including its story, historical background and theme.

III. Scanning
Read the article carefully and answer the following questions.
Q1. Who are the heroine and hero of the film Youth ?
The heroine He Xiaoping is a newcomer in a military arts troupe  (部队文工团)  and a talented dancer who is a laughingstock (笑柄) among the other girls because of her family’s background .
The hero Liu Feng, a kind and selfless (无私的) man, is the only one who is nice to He Xiaoping.

Q2. What is the historical background of the film   Youth?
Over a time span (跨度) of more than 30 years, the characters experience the “cultural revolution” (1966-76) and the Sino-Vietnamese conflict (1978-79) .

Q3. What difficulties did they meet?
He Xiaoping’s family background makes her a laughingstock among the other girls.
During the Sino-Vietnamese conflict, Liu Feng loses an arm and He Xiaoping suffers from a mental (心理的) illness.
The disbandment (解散) of the troupe also tears them away from the life and people they’re so familiar with, throwing them into a new life they know nothing about.

Q4. What does the author think of youth?
No matter what time in history people live in, everyone shares the same longing for love and beauty.

V. Language focus---words&phrases
dedicated, promote, tear away, longing, laughter
回归原文

•It’s dedicated to the youth of our parents’ generation.
•Set in the 1970s, the story begins in a military arts troupe (部队文工团), in which the soldiers’ duties are to sing, dance and promote culture.
•The disbandment (解散) of the troupe also tears them away from the life and people they’re so familiar with, throwing them into a new life they knew nothing about.
•No matter what time in history people live in, everyone shares the same longing for love and beauty.
•Sunshine, laughter and swimming pools – these typical images of youth are all shown in Feng’s new film.

•It’s dedicated to the youth of our parents’ generation.
be dedicated to 致力于,to是介词
•She is dedicated to her job.
•她致力于她的工作。
思考其他 to 是介词的短语

•Set in the 1970s, the story begins in a military arts troupe
(部队文工团), in which the soldiers’ duties are to sing, dance and promote culture.
•以20世纪70年代为背景,这个故事开始于一个部队文工团,文工团中战士们的任务就是唱歌,跳舞,宣传文化。
set 过去分词作状语;which 引导非限定性定语从句。
•The band has gone on tour to promote their new album.
•这个乐队已经开始巡回宣传他们的新唱片。
•She worked hard and was soon promoted.
•她工作勤奋,不久就得到了提升。

•The disbandment (解散) of the troupe also tears them away from the life and people they’re so familiar with, throwing them into a new life they knew nothing about.
•文工团的解散也迫使他们和熟悉的人和生活分开,使之陷入了一种未知的新生活。
throwing…现在分词作结果状语
•She was unable to tear her eyes away from him.
•她做不到把她的眼睛从他身上移开。——她恋恋不舍地望着他。

•No matter what time in history people live in, everyone shares the same longing for love and beauty.
•不管处于什么历史时期,人们对于爱和美都有着同样的渴望。
No matter引导让步状语从句
•She was filled with longing to hear his voice again.
••她热切期望再听到他的声音。

•Sunshine, laughter and swimming pools – these typical images of youth are all shown in Feng’s new film.
•阳光,笑声和游泳池——这些经典的青春的影像都被很好地保存在冯小刚的电影里。
•She burst into laughter.
•她突然大笑起来。

V. post-reading  
Feng said  “When I look back in time, everything else in my life seems to be black and white. The days in the troupe are the only part of my memory that always remains colorful.” 

What is your most colorful memory?

VI. Homework
Writing:
Write an article about your most colorful memory.

The power of smell
河北省邯郸市第一中学  王永仙

I. Lead-in  
What do you think are some good ways to lose weight?
Do you think your nose can play a part in losing weight ?

II. Skimming
Read the article quickly and answer the question.
•What is the writing style of this article ?
   A. Narration (记叙)
   B. Description(描写)
   C. Exposition(说明)
   D. Argumentation(议论)
Key: C

III. Scanning
Read the article carefully and divide it into some parts. Then work out the main idea of each part.
 

Read the article carefully and answer the following questions.
1. What did Andrew Dillin  initially (起初) believe?
He initially (起初) believed that mice with no sense of smell wouldn’t enjoy food as much and end up eating less.

2. Did the study prove his idea right?
No. The mice were fed the same amounts of fatty food. At the end of the experiment, those with their smelling ability switched off had gained no weight, while the other mice had piled on the pounds.

3. How does the sense of smell affect our bodies to lose weight?
It’s thought that when the body is unable to smell food, it’s “tricked” into thinking that it has already eaten, leading it to burn off the calories from food instead of storing it.

IV. Language study
Translate the sentences. Pay attention to the sentence structures.
1. Cutting down on fatty food or exercising more are the most well-known ways to lose weight, but have you ever considered the part our noses play in how much we weigh?
•But 连词连接两个并列的句子。
•Cutting down on fatty food or exercising more为动名词短语作主语。
•play a part 意为起作用,有影响。
•句意为:减少脂肪摄入和锻炼是最为人们熟知的减肥方法,但是你想到过我们的嗅觉在减肥中所起的作用吗?

2. To reach this conclusion, several mice, some of which had their ability to smell “switched off”, were fed the same amounts of fatty food.
•reach this conclusion意为得出结论。
•some of which引导非限定性定语从句,先行词为several mice。
• 句意为:为了得出这个结论,研究人员给一些老鼠喂了等量的高脂食物,并“关掉”了部分老鼠的嗅觉能力。

3. If we can validate (证实) this in humans, perhaps we can actually make a drug that doesn’t interfere (妨碍) with smell but still blocks that metabolic circuitry (线路)
• that引导限定性定语从句,修饰先行词a drug。
•not...but意为不是......而是。
•句意为:如果这个研究结论能在人类身上证实的话,我们就可能研制出一种不会妨碍嗅觉,但还能阻碍有关卡路里储存的新陈代谢的药。

V. Summary
Fill in the blanks with proper words or phrases.
 
 
 
 


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