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高三教案 第644期
发布时间:2018-03-05

Time for gun control (P2)
沈阳市第二中学 常虹

Lead-in
Do you know who he is? What happened to him?


While reading 
 

Scanning
Read the article and answer the following questions.
Ø Why did Cruz kill so many innocent people?
Nikolas Cruz, 19, a former student of the school who had been expelled for breaking school rules, confessed to carrying out the shootings.
Ø What did Nichols say that was striking?
A young adult who is not legally able to buy alcohol can just walk into a gun store and, provided they pass a background check, can buy a very high-powered and, in some cases, military-style weapon.
Ø How did people react to the shooting?
On Feb 19, many students protested in front of the White House in Washington on Feb 19, calling for more to be done about gun control.

Read the article again and decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F).
(T) 1.A boy who is 19 can buy a military-style weapon, provided they pass a background check.

(F) 2. People who carry out mass shootings are all lovers of hunting.

(F) 3.The US government has decided to ban guns in the country.

(F) 4. American students feel hopeless about gun control.

Language focus
 
 

句式聚焦:
A mass shooting occurred at the school that day, with at least 17 people dead and several others wounded, according to NBC News.
with + 宾语(名词或代词)+ 宾补(介词短语,形容词,副词现在分词,过去分词,不定式)被称为with复合结构,通常在句中表状态或说明背景情况,常做伴随,方式,原因,条件等状语。例如:
1. with+宾语+名词
He died with his daughter still a schoolgirl.他去世时,女儿还是个小学生。
2. with +宾语 + 介词短语
She said good-bye with tears in her eyes. 她含着眼泪说了声再见。
3.with + 宾语 + 形容词 (强调名词的特性或状态)
He often sleeps with the windows open.他常开着窗睡觉。
4. With +宾语 + 副词
He was lying on the bed with all his clothes on.
他衣服都没脱就躺在了床上。
5. With + 宾语 + -ed 分词 (强调名词是 -ed分词动作的承受者或动作已经发生)
He sat there with his eyes closed.他闭目坐在那儿。
All afternoon, he worked with the door locked.
整个下午他都锁着门在房里工作。
6. with + 宾语 + -ing分词(强调名词是 -ing分词的动作的发出者或某动作,状态正在进行)
He fell asleep with the lamp burning.
他没熄灯就睡着了。
I won’t be able to go on holiday, with my mother being ill.
因为妈妈生着病,我没法去度假。
7. with + 宾语 + to do (不定式动作尚未发生)
I can’t go out with all these clothes to wash.
还有衣服要洗,我不能出去了。
With so many people to help us, we are sure to finish it in time.
有这么多人帮忙,我们一定能按时完成。

牛刀小试
 
Post-reading
Discussion:
What is your attitude toward gun control?
First look at a video to get more background information.


Rules of behavior in UK schools (P4)
江苏省邗江中学  董金标

I. Free talk
Have you even been punished at school, and why?
What do you think of the punishment you have received?Are your school's discipline or rules, in your opinion,  too strict?  

II. Prediction
By looking at the title“Rules of behavior in UK schools”, can you predict what this text mainly talks about?

III. Skimming
Read the text and make a summary of it.
The text mainly tells us how UK schools discipline and punish students and how Freya protested against her punishment.

IV. Chewing and digesting
Read Freya’s case and answer the following questions.
1. Why did Freya receive 11 detentions?
Because she broke school rules, such as having fizzy drinks in class and coming into school through a fire door. 

2. Why did Freya protest against the punishment she received?
Because she thinks that repeated detentions disrupted her right to an education under Scottish law and made it difficult for her to learn. 

3. What effects did Freya have on school discipline in Scotland?
Hundreds of schools in Scotland were told not to use detention as a punishment because of her legal action.

4. Do you think the headmaster and her teachers should sign a letter to promise to respect her civil rights? Why or why not?
Yes. With Freya making the news, schools may face huge pressure from the public or even some civil rights organizations. It’s also necessary for the school to come up with a better way to discipline students.
No. Because in that case, it will be hard for schools to discipline their students in the future.

5. What do you think of parents signing an agreement to ensure their children accept school discipline and rules, as well as accepting the responsibility for their children's behavior?
Even with parents signing an agreement, students may violate the schools’ discipline and rules. A better solution must come from a mutual understanding between schools and families through equal and effective dialogues aimed at increasing kids' awareness of obeying  discipline and rules.

V. Post reading
Critical thinking:
What do you think of your school's disciplines and rules? Are there any rules that don’t make sense? Why do you think so?

VI. Language focus
Observe this sentence
1. … Freya MacDonald, a 15-year-old pupil from Scotland, made the news when she refused to accept her school's punishment....
make the news: be considered to be important enough to be in the news 
Twenty years ago, environmental issues rarely made the news.

2. … Many UK schools now give parents a home/school contract, explaining their discipline and rules. ....
explaining their discipline and rules. 现在分词作伴随状语,表示主动。
The lawyer listened with full attention, ________ (尽力不)to miss any points. 

VII. Homework
Write a letter to your headmaster to suggest some improvements to the school’s disciplines and rules.


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