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初一教案 第620期
发布时间:2018-05-21

第40/620期初一教案
By Tang Hongmei
 
Scouts for everyone (P3)
 
I. Pre-reading
Have you heard of the Boy Scouts of America?
Do you know why children like to join the Boy Scouts and the Girl Scouts?
   
II. While Reading
Choose the answer:
1. Which is TRUE about the Scouts in the US?
A. Only boys can take part in the Scouts.
B. Boys sell cookies and do crafts.
C. Boys over 11 can’t join the Scouts.
D. Boys and girls are in different Scout groups.
 
2. What is the big change for the Scouts this year?
A. Girls cannot join the Scouts.
B. Boys can join the Girl Scouts.
C. Girls aged 5 to 10 can join the Boy Scouts.
D. There is only one Scout group now.
 
3. Many parents want their daughters to join the Boy Scouts because _____.
A. their daughters like to play with boys
B. they can go camping with their daughters
C. girls can learn outdoor skills and real-life skills
D. the Boy Scouts’ activities are more interesting
 
4. The Girl Scouts are against the change because _____.
A. girls won’t like Boy Scouts
B. they will lose some members
C. the Boy Scouts will compete with them
D. the Girl Scouts can’t compete with the Boy Scouts
 
III. Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 这家商店有各种各样的茶叶。
    There are _________ tea in the shop.  
2. 我们也是出差来的。
    We are here on business _________.
3. 这两支篮球队为夺第一名获胜而竞争。
    The two basketball teams ___________ each other for first place.  
 
IV. Post-reading
The Boy Scouts of America is one of the largest scouting organizations in the US. Other organizations include Cub Scouts, Venturing, Sea Scouts and Exploring. Do you want to know more about these groups? Do some research.
 
 
 
Sitting like a god from ancient times (P5)
 
I. Pre-reading
What is erlangtui?
Do you know why people call sitting cross-legged erlangtui?
 
II. While reading
Choose the answer:  
1. According to Chinese folk stories, Erlangshen _____.
A. liked to create floods
B. was the oldest son of Li Bing
C. was an official in Sichuan
D. helped Li Bing build dujiangyan
 
2. What did local people do to thank Li Bing and Erlangshen?
A. They wrote stories about them.
B. They built more irrigation systems.
C. They built a temple for them.
D. They made Li Bing their new ruler.
 
3. Sitting cross-legged is called “erlangtui” because _____.
A. Erlangshen used to sit that way
B. Erlangshen’s statue sat that way
C. Erlangshen came up with this term
D. Erlangshen hurt his leg while working
 
4. What can we learn from the story?
A. There are no Li Bing statues in temples.  
B. Erlangshen was a real man living in Sichuan.
C. People believed Dayu was a great leader.
D. Li Bing learned how to stop floods from Dayu.
 
III. Words in use
请用所给词的正确形式填空:
1. Can you answer the ______(two) question that I asked?
2. The Queen of England is a hereditary (世袭的) _____ (rule).
3. Finally, she ________ (become) one of the best known writers of her day.
4. Daming’s father is a government _____ (office).
 
IV. Post-reading
Dayu is an ancient hero. He traveled throughout all of China to battle floods. He did not go home for 13 years.
 
 
Animals acting odd (P6)
 
I. Pre-reading
An earthquake is a shaking of the ground caused by the movement of Earth's crust.
Can we predict earthquakes?
 
II. While reading Choose the answer:
1. What is the story mainly about?
A. What animals do before an earthquake.
B. How to stop earthquakes.
C. How to predict earthquakes.
D. Whether animals can predict earthquakes.
 
2. How did the German scientists do their research?
A. They asked 700 people about their experience.
B. They visited places where earthquakes had happened.
C. They studied reports about animal-earthquake connections.
D. They did some research on why animals behave strangely.
 
3. What was the result of the research?
A. The reports weren’t enough to prove the connections.
B. Some animals can predict big earthquakes.
C. Animals can tell where earthquakes are going to happen.
D. Animals can tell how long earthquakes will last.
 
4. What are foreshocks like?
A. They happen after big quakes.
B. They are usually very small.
C. They happen in the wild.
D. They are several big quakes.
 
III. Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
1. He has a s______ habit of talking aloud to himself.
2. The morning forecast p________ heavy rain later in the day.
3. I think parents are responsible for their children's words and b_____.
4. There is a c________ between tides (潮汐) and the moon.
 
IV. Post-reading
Do you know this object is?
It is called didongyi. It was the world's first seismograph.
Would you like to know more about it?
 
 
参考答案及解析
【P3】
II. 1. D。根据第一段可知,在美国男孩和女孩有各自的童子军,所以A描述不正确;各自的学习任务也不同,B选项是女孩的任务;根据第二段可知,年龄要求是针对参加男童子军的女孩而设的,C排除;所以正确答案是D。
2. C。根据文中第二段…a big change. Girls can now join the Boy Scouts! …all programs for boys aged 5 to 10 will be open to girls as well可知,女孩可以参加男童子军,5到10岁的男童子军向同龄的女孩开放,所以正确答案是C。
3. C。根据文中第3段Surveys show that 90 percent of parents …They wanted their daughters to learn more outdoor and real-life skills可知,这些父母想让他们的女儿学习outdoor skills and real-life skills,所以正确答案是C。
4. B。根据文中最后一段The Girl Scouts are against it because they will lose more members可知,女童子军反对的原因是成员的流失,所以正确答案是B。
III. 1. all kinds of   2. as well   3. competed with
 
【P5】
II. 1. D。根据第二段Li built the Dujiangyan Irrigation Project to help local people. Erlang helped his father build it可知,Erlangshen在帮助其父亲Li Bing build dujiangyan,所以正确答案是D。
2. C。根据文中第二段To remember the father and son, local people built a temple可知,人们为了纪念李家父子建造了一座庙,所以正确答案是C。
3. B。根据文中第二段It is said that erlangtui comes from the name Erlangshen...In the temple, Erlangshen’s statue used to sit cross-legged可知,二郎腿的由来是因为二郎神塑像过去以这种方式呈现,所以正确答案是B。
4. C。根据文中可知,二郎神塑像过去是二郎腿的坐姿,是为了向大禹致敬,可见在人们心目中大禹的地位;文中提及庙是为纪念李家父子所建,排除A;二郎神的事迹来自于民间故事,排除B;D文中未提及,所以正确答案是C。
III. 1. second  2. ruler   3. became  4. official
 
 
【P6】
II. 1. D。根据文章可知,在地震前动物会有些异于常时的行为,文中是在讨论动物是否能够提前感知地震、预测地震,所以正确答案是D。
2. C。根据第二段They studied more than 700 reports about strange animal behavior before earthquakes可知,科学家们研究动物在地震之前异常行为的报告,来研究动物和地震之间的联系,所以正确答案是C。
3. A。根据文中第三段These reports are not enough to say if animals can predict earthquakes可知,这些报告并不足以证明动物的异常行为和地震的发生相关,不足以证明动物可以预测地震的发生,所以正确答案是A。
4. B。根据文中最后一段Foreshocks usually happen before big quakes. They are mild. Humans usually don’t feel them可知,前震发生在地震之前,很微弱,人类通常感知不到,所以正确答案是B。
III. 1. strange   2. predicted  3. behavior  4. connection
 
 

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