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高一教案 第717期
发布时间:2018-06-11

Fixing world’s biggest issues (P3)
邯郸市第一中学  王永仙

I. Warming up  
Do you know the Global Solutions Lab is? If not, can you guess what it is?

II. Pre-reading
What would people expect to do at the Global Solutions Lab?

III. While-reading
Scanning
Read the article and answer the following questions:
1.Who is Abigail Hoyt?
A freshman at Crossroads Academy in the US.

2.What will she and her classmates do ?
They have been invited to join young professionals from around the world at the Global Solutions Lab, where they will spend a week coming up with ways to solve some of the world’s biggest problems with experts, business people and leaders of wealthy foundations. At the end of the week, they will present their ideas to United Nations officials.

3. What is Jaylen Collier’s opinion about the Global Solutions Lab?
“It gives us a chance to be more successful in our future. We are going to help change the world.”

Close Reading
Decide whether the following statements are true or false:
1.Abigail Hoyt wants to help end world poverty.
2. The Global Solutions Lab is mainly an academic (学术的) exercise for students.
3. Gabel thinks that a lot of adults are not tired by expertise.
4. Nyvea Cunningham wants to make a change to high school students’ food options.

IV. Post-reading
Discussion
If you had a chance to join the Global Solutions Lab, what problems would you discuss with others?

V. Homework
Poster
According to what you’ve learned from the article, design a poster for the Global Solutions Lab.
You may consider the following title and questions:
Be part of the 2018 Global Solutions Lab: Partnering with great minds to solve today's issues
1.What is it?
2.Who can participate? When and where will it be held?
3.What can you do there?

Skills behind translation (P4)
山东省烟台第二中学  赵霞

I. Lead-in
Let’s enjoy a beautiful poem written by Li Qingzhao

Background Knowledge: Li was famous for her description of depression. But despite her sensitivity, Li was never stuck in her negative emotions. She had an inner power, which can be seen in the poem above. It was written when Li and Zhao reunited after escaping from wars, and Li was disappointed to find that Zhao had become a cowardly (懦弱的) man. In the poem, Li makes it clear that she believes integrity (正直) and loyalty (忠诚) are the most valuable qualities of a “real” man.

The English Version
One ought to live as a hero in this world,
And after death a hero remain.
The memory of Xiang Yu is  cherished to this day,
Because he chose to die, not to cross the
river, after his defeat.

What do you think of this English version? Why?

II. While Reading
Read the passage quickly and summarize the main idea.
   The work of translators has received more attention than before since the Man Booker International Prize was only awarded to translated works. According to the article, translators deserve the honor because they not only need to do a lot of research and thinking to find the perfect replacements for words but also make a text understandable to a completely new culture as well.

Read the article again and answer the questions below:
1.What do you think George Steiner’s words mean in the opening paragraph?
Every language is a world. Without translation, we would inhabit parishes bordering on silence.
Different languages divide people into different worlds and if we don’t have translation, we would live in silence and never have a chance to communicate.

2.What is special about the Man Booker International Prize?
It is awarded to translated works only.
Since 2016, the award has been given annually to a single book in English translation, with a £50,000 prize for the winning title, shared equally between author and translator.

3.According to the article, why do translators deserve the honor?
Translating needs translators to do a lot of research and thinking to find the perfect replacements and make a text understandable to a completely new culture. It’s almost like rebuilding a whole onion due to language differences and cultural divergences.

4.What was the hardest part of translating A Horse Walks Into a Bar?
The hardest part was translating the book’s jokes that don’t really resonate with English readers, which means the translator had to find creative ways to somehow rewrite the jokes while still keeping them just as funny as the original ones.
resonate with: cause the emotions of the readers

5.What does the last sentence of the article mean?
Translation is that which transforms everything so that nothing changes.
Translation is a process of recreation which changes the words of one language completely into another language, in order to keep the same meaning of the original works.

IV. After Reading
Think about the skills behind translation mentioned in the article.
Skill 1: Being able to find the perfect replacements of the words.
(You need to do a lot of research and thinking)
Skill 2: Being able to make a text understandable to a completely new culture.------Recreation
(You need to find creative ways and keep the translation faithful to the original work忠于原作 at the same time.)

V. Language Learning
Translation
1. That was until two years ago, when the Man Booker Prize, given out every year for the best novel written in English and published in the UK, introduced the Man Booker International Prize, which is awarded to translated works only.
这种情况直到两年前才有所改变,布克奖主办机构引入了布克国际奖,专门颁给翻译作品,此前,布克奖只颁给在英国出版的最佳英文小说。

2. Indeed, many words in one language don’t necessarily have an exact equivalent in another, meaning translators must do a lot of research and thinking to find the perfect replacements.
的确,一种语言中很多词汇在另一种语言里未必有准确的对应词,这就意味着译者必须经过大量研究和思考才能找到完美的替代词。

VI. Discussion
Apart from the skills mentioned in the article, what other skills or qualities do you think a good translator should have?

 


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