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初三教案 第567期
发布时间:2018-10-08

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初三18-19年第6期总第567期
No more clock changes (P2)
Pre-reading
1. What does “daylight saving time” mean?
2. Why did people in Europe follow this practice?


While reading
1. “Daylight saving time” lasts about _____ a year.
A. five months
B. six months
C. seven months
D. eight months

2. Where did “daylight saving time” begin?
A. In France.
B. In Germany.
C. In the US.
D. In the UK.

3. Why was “daylight saving time” used in Europe?
A. Because it helped people save energy.
B. Because it was fashionable.
C. Because people wanted to enjoy longer nights.
D. Because people opposed seasonal clock changes.

4. What do the last three paragraphs talk about?
A. What we can use to save energy.
B. Why changing clocks is no longer needed.
C. What changes new technology can bring.
D. Why clock changing can harm our health.


Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
1. _____ (因为) she knows very little Italian, she keeps to herself.
2. He worked out a ______(解决方法) to the problem.
3. Too much wine can ______(导致) trouble!


Post-reading
Have a think:
  What can you do to save energy?

 

Carrier of culture (P3)
Pre-reading
1. What kinds of places do you like to visit when you travel?
2. Do you ever do any research on these places before you set off?

While reading
1. Which is NOT true about the Sydney Opera House?
A. It was built with a self-cleaning material.
B. It is a famous landmark in Australia.
C. The material it was built out of is widely used today.
D. Its designer was a Danish architect.

2. The author didn't visit the _____ in the Sydney Opera House.
A. Drama Hall
B. Joan Sutherland Theatre
C. Concert Hall
D. Utzon Room

3. What do we know about Jorn Utzon?
A. He designed the Sydney Opera House with other people’s help.
B. He didn’t give in to the government.
C. He won an international design competition in 1966.
D. He visited the Sydney Opera House before he left the country.

4. According to the author, the Sydney Opera House _____.
A. was a waste of money and not worth visiting
B. is a part of Australia’s history and culture
C. is the best place to visit in Australia
D. is famous because of its designer


Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
1. I want you to do everything you can to f _______ who's responsible.
2. We were proud to get the chance to h____ the 2008 Olympic games.
3. My family insisted that I should not g _____, but stay and fight instead.


Post-reading
Did you go anywhere fun during the recent holiday?
What did you learn during your travels?

 

Our warming Earth (P6)
Pre-reading
How has global warming affected our world?
Can global warming create any positive effects?


While reading
1. According to Solomon, which skin color will be more common in the future?
A. Dark.
B. Pale.
C. Yellow.
D. Brown.

2. How will global warming make insects hungrier?
A. Because they will grow as big as mammals.
B. Because their metabolism will increase as temperatures increase.
C. Because they need more energy to stay alive at higher temperatures.
D. Because only large insects can live in high temperatures. 

3. Thanks to the hot weather, people in England found _____.
A. new landscapes
B. grass with different colors
C. some unusual patterns in a field
D. an ancient country under a field

4. What can we infer from the story?
A. Global warming is happening more quickly.
B. Global warming is not a problem.
C. Farmers will face problems due to global warming.
D. Scientists are happy with global warming.


Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1.气候和天气影响着我们生活的方方面面。
Climate and weather _____ every aspect of our lives.
2. 夜晚热度将减轻。
The heat will ______ during the evening.
3. 你需要钱和时间,此外还需要努力。
You need money and time; _________, you also need diligence.
  

Post-reading
• Do you think global warming is a problem? Why?
• What can be done to slow global warming?

 

 

 


答案与解析:
P2:
1. C。从文中第一段第二句They move forward by one hour (12 pm becomes 1 pm) on the last Sunday of March and back by one hour (1 pm goes back to 12 pm) on the last Sunday in October.可以得知每年从三月最后一个星期日的凌晨12时整将时钟拨快一小时,即将表针由12时拨至1时,到十月最后一个星期日的凌晨1时整,再将时钟拨回一小时,即将表针由1时拨至12时。夏时令每年的持续时间是7个月。故答案选C。

2. B。 由文章第三段第一句DST was first introduced in Germany during the World Wars 可以得知德国在世界战争时期首先实行夏/冬令时。故答案为B 。

3. A。从文章第三段最后一句It helps people make better use of longer summer days and save energy. 可以得知夏/冬令时可以在欧洲得以使用的原因是它可以帮助人们更好地利用白天更长的夏日和节约能源。故答案为A。

4. B。从文章第五段people believe that the practice is out of date, especially since we now have energy-saving technology like LED lights.可以得知人们相信这种做法已经过时了,因为我们现在有了像LED灯这样的节能技术。故答案为B。 

P3:
1. C。 从第二段the Sydney Opera House was built with a kind of self-cleaning material that is very rare even today.可以得知悉尼歌剧院是用一种可以自我清洁材料建造的,这种材料即使在今天也是非常罕见的。 故答案为C。

2. D。从文章第三段第一句First, we visited the Drama Hall.第四段第一句和第四句。Then, we visited Joan Sutherland Theatre. Finally, we arrived at the largest theatre – Concert Hall.可以得知作者游览过歌剧厅、琼萨瑟兰剧场和音乐厅。故答案为D。

3. B。从文章第五段第二句In 1966, Utzon had an argument with the government and refused to give in.可以得知1966年Utzon因抱怨澳政府干涉歌剧院的设计工作导致双方闹翻而离开了澳大利亚。答案为B。

4. B。 文章的最后一段I learned that the opera house is not only a famous building, but a carrier of history and culture.说明作者认为悉尼歌剧院不仅仅是一座著名的建筑,也是澳大利亚的历史和文化载体。故答案为B。

P6:
1. D。文中第四段第二句提到More people will have olive (橄榄色的) or brown-colored skin.可见未来人们更常见的肤色会是橄榄色或棕色。故答案为D。

2. B。从文章中第七段第一句Higher body temperatures can increase the insects’ metabolism (新陈代谢).  可以得知昆虫体温的升高会使他们的新陈代谢加快,这会使他们更饥饿。故答案为B。

3. C。从文章倒数第二段第二句After the dry weather turned the country’s green landscape yellow, people noticed some unusual patterns (图案) in the middle of a field.可以得知干燥的天气把绿色的土地变成黄色之后,人们注意到在田野的中央有一些不同寻常的图案。故答案为C。

4. C。从文章倒数第四段In addition, increasing temperatures also make insects breed (繁殖) more quickly.可以得知全球变暖会使多世代昆虫繁殖代数增加,一年中危害时间延长,从而加重农林灾害。故答案为C。


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