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初三教案 第571期
发布时间:2018-11-05

 

初三18-19年第10期总第571期
Parting of ways (P4)
Pre-reading
“After one night of wind and showers, How many are the fallen flowers?”
Do you know what poem this line comes from?
 
 
While reading
1. What did Yangguan Road refer to in ancient China?
A. An open road that crossed Yangguan Pass.
B. A road that was between the Yangguan and Yumenguan passes.
C. Any road that was broad and busy.
D. Any road that was built on the sunny side of a hill.
 
2. Why was Yangguan Pass named like this?
A. Because the pass received a lot of sunshine every year.
B. Because it was in the southern part of Gansu province.
C. Because it was on the sunny side of Yumenguan Pass.
D. Because the name could cheer travelers up.
 
3. Yangguan was connected with parting because _____. 
A. people would often part there and go in different directions
B. Poet Wang Wei wrote a poem there about parting
C. it separated into two different paths
D. people came and went through it to do business
 
4. What do we know from the story?
A. Yangguan Pass was built during the Han Dynasty.
B. Yumenguan Pass was one’s last stop before leaving China.
C. Wang Wei wrote many famous poems about Yangguan.
D. Yangguan Pass was a part of the ancient Silk Road.
 
 
Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 这个小镇位于海滨。
   The town ______ on the coast.
2. 人们一提到中国,往往便联想到丝绸和美食。
   People usually _______ China with silk and good    food.
3. 她过去是留长发的。
   She ____to have long hair.
 
 
Post-reading
Have a think:
 Can you think of any other interesting Chinese idioms? Please explain them in English.
 
 
 
Why should you wear your coat? (P5)
Pre-reading
What causes us to get colds?
Do your parents ever remind you to wear more clothes when it’s cold outside?
 
 
While reading
 
1. What can we learn about the author’s childhood from Paragraph 1?
A. He often suffered from colds.
B. He stayed at home during the winter.
C. He never forgot to wear his winter coat.
D. He wore just a light jacket in winter.
 
2. According to the author, what is common during the winter in China?
A. People wear a lot of clothes. 
B. Elderly people rarely go outside.
C. Restaurants will not serve beer.
D. People won’t exercise very much. 
 
3. What does Paragraph 4 tell us?
A. What effects traditional Chinese medicine has on sick people.
B. How our body stays healthy.
C. Why Chinese people wear so much clothing during the winter.
D. What Chinese people do to stay warm.
 
4. The author still doesn’t want to wear too much clothing during the winter because _____.
A. winter is not cold
B. he gets hot easily
C. he has never been sick before
D. he often stays inside when it’s cold
 
 
Words in use
根据首字母提示完成下列句子:
1. Nobody seemed to n_____ anything wrong.
2. An u________ bed is the most likely cause of back pain.
3. A smaller car will c______ less fuel.
 
 
Post-reading
Can you name some cultural differences between China and Western countries?
 
 
 
Plastic found in poop? (P6)
Pre-reading
What is one of the biggest sources of ocean pollution?
 
 
While reading
1. According to USA Today, what was recently discovered?
A. Plastic pollution is worse than ever.
B. Animals like birds or fish can eat plastic.
C. Plastic has been found in human poop.
D. Sea salt is not safe to eat any more.
 
 
2. What do we know about the pilot study?
A. Scientists from Australia followed eight healthy volunteers.
B. The volunteers kept a record of what they ate for a week.
C. Nine plastic particles were found in the volunteers’ stool samples.
D. It proved that ocean pollution has become rather serious. 
 
3. Paragraph 4 is written to tell us that _____.
A. plastic particles can be a few different sizes
B. plastic particles can reach many parts of our bodies
C. plastic can harm the lymphatic system
D. plastic particles are inside all of us
 
4. What can we infer from the story?
A. Plastic does no harm to our bodies.
B. The best way to deal with plastic waste is to burn it.
C. People should stop drinking tap water.
D. It can be hard to avoid plastic in food and drinks.
 
 
Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
1. We are here to _______ (提供) the public with various services.
2. You are ________(有能力的)of better work than this.
3. The disease has ______(传播)at an alarming rate.
  
 
Post-reading
What can we do to reduce plastic pollution?
 
 
 
 
 
 
答案与解析:
P4
1. A。从文中第三段Yangguan Road was an open road that crossed the Yangguan Pass (关隘) in ancient China.可以得知阳关道是中国古代经过阳关关隘通向西域的大道。故答案选A。
 
2. C。 由文章第五段最后一句Yangguan was therefore named because it lies to the south of the Yumenguan Pass.可以得知阳关因在玉门关之南故名。答案为C。
 
3. A。从文章第六段第一句Because it was the last stop for Chinese travelers leaving China to the Western Regions, Yangguan is usually connected with the parting (分离) of ways in Chinese literature (文学).可以得知阳关是中国旅行者离开中国去西域的最后一站,因此在中国文学中阳关道通常被认为是分道扬镳之路。故答案为A。
 
4. D。从文章的最后一段第一句Yangguan Pass was also an important landmark (地标) on the ancient Silk Road.可以得知阳关是中国古代陆路对外交通咽喉之地,是丝绸之路南路必经的关隘。故答案为D。    
 
P5:
1. D。 从第一段最后一句…even during cold winter months, wearing just a light jacket. 可以得知作者即使在寒冷的冬天,也只穿一件轻薄的夹克。故答案为D。
 
2. A。从文章第二段最后一句But I have noticed that in China, people always make sure to wear lots of clothes when it’s cold outside.可以得知在中国冬天,在外面很冷的时候,人们通常穿很多衣服来御寒。故答案为A。
 
3. C。从文章第四段倒数第二句If you don’t wear enough clothing when it’s cold out, your body will have to consume extra energy to keep you warm.可以得知中医认为如果你不多穿衣服来御寒,你的身体就得消耗你的元气来为你保暖。故答案为C。
                                                   
4. B。 文章的最后一段I get hot extremely easily说明作者不想穿的太多是因为他的易热体质。故答案为B。
 
P6
1. C。文中第一段最后一句…scientists have found plastic in human poop (粪便)。可以得知科学家在人类的粪便中发现了塑料。故答案为C。
 
2. B。从文章中第二段最后一句The volunteers wrote down what they ate for a week and then provided a stool sample (大便样本) for testing.可以得知科学家的初步研究是让志愿者们记录下他们一周的饮食并提供大便样本进行检测。故答案为B。
 
3. B。从文章第四段The smallest plastic particles are capable of (能够) entering the bloodstream, the lymphatic system (淋巴系统), and may even reach the liver (肝脏),”可以得知微小的塑料颗粒可以渗入生物的血液、淋巴系统和肝脏。故答案为B。
 
4. D。从文章倒数第二段第一句话In fact, plastic is everywhere around us.可以得知塑料无处不在,人们很难避免饮食中的塑料。故答案为D。
 
 

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