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高三教案 第667期
发布时间:2018-12-03

2018-2019学年度第14期总第667期
 
Wounding with words (P1)
山东省烟台第二中学 赵娜娜
 
I. Lead-in 
Discussion 
What is bullying?
Have you ever bullied others?
Have you ever been bullied by others?
Bullying is divided into four basic types of abuse
Emotional
Verbal
Physical
Cyber (网络的)
Reflection 
Have you ever called others “stupid”?
Have you ever called others “fat” or “short”?
Have you ever given others’ nicknames?
A case to share
Olivia Heuser used to wear Harry Potter-themed clothing. She played basketball and volleyball. She was in a band.
But Olivia and her family say a year of bullying and harassment drove her away from the things she loved, bruising (挫伤) her already low self-confidence.
“I didn’t feel very good about myself,” Olivia said. “As people were saying stuff, I started thinking less and less of myself.”
Words cut deeper than knives. A knife can be pulled out, words are embedded (嵌入) into our souls. 
 --George W. Chapman
好言一语三冬暖,恶语伤人六月寒。
--Chinese proverb
 
II. While-reading 
Fast reading
Read the article quickly, and answer the question: 
What’s the main idea of the passage?
Verbal bullying is as harmful as physical bullying. People who are bullies should not allow hurtful words to affect them and verbal bullies should stop hurting people. 
Read the text carefully and answer the following questions.
1. How was Olivia Heuser bullied and what was the outcome? 
Olivia Heuser, 15, a freshman at Wausau West High School, Wisconsin, US, was _______ called “fat” and other _________ by other girls in middle school. She grew to be less confident and started ____________ her “problems”. “It was just a list of things that are wrong and that I don’t know how to fix,” she told the Wausau Daily Herald.
2. What has Guangdong Department of Education done about verbal bullying? 
And on Nov 13, Guangdong Department of Education ____ a series of new school ________, which define insulting name-calling as a form of bullying. The guidelines _________ on Dec 1.
3. What can bully victims against the effects of verbal bullying?
Bullies make you believe that there’s something wrong with you, but that’s not true. “Bullies tend to have low _______ (自尊心),” US author W. Michael Nelson once wrote. “They ________ (同理心) and have a need to _______ others.” In other words, bullies are the weak ones, not you.
4. What should verbal bullies do?
Maybe there is no better advice for them than the words of MacKenzie Haarlow, a 17-year-old US girl who used to be a victim of verbal bullying. Her note to verbal bullies is simple: “Weigh it before you say it.”
 
III. Understanding-sentences
Analyze the following sentences. Pay attention to the words in bold/red.
1. If only everyone could see that.
If only … 要是……就好了   需要用虚拟语气
=If everyone could see that, it would be better.
If only I were you.
If only I had finished my homework yesterday.
If only I could join you tomorrow.
2. We underestimate the power of words. We may see children and teenagers calling each other insulting (侮辱的) names.
Estimate/underestimate
See … do/ doing/ done
He said he saw a man killed yesterday.
3. She grew to be less confident and started blaming herself for her “problems”.
Grow to be less confident= become less confident
Blame sb. for sth.
Blame sth. on …
Police blamed the accident on dangerous driving.
sb. be to blame
I am to blame.
4. Back when bullying was acknowledged only if there was physical violence involved, many of us were able to stay out of it, claiming that we’d never bullied anyone.
be acknowledged= be considered
be involved in
claiming …  动词-ing形式作伴随状语
The product claims that it can make you thin without dieting. 
5. They lack empathy (同理心) and have a need to dominate others.
Lack sth/ a lack of/ be lacking in 
empathy/ empathetic
dominate/ domination
 
IV. Post-reading 
Discussing  
What can we do to stop verbal bullying?
Report the bullying to a teacher or someone at school you feel safe with. 
Tell a parent or a family member.
Be assertive with the bully and say their name calling is boring or making them look stupid. 
Ignore it and walk away.
 
 
UK school opposes poverty shaming (P2)
江苏省南菁高级中学  范克强
 
I. Pre-reading: brain-storming
1. Have you ever envied your classmates wearing expensive clothes, such as brands Canada Goose, Moncler or Pyrenex?
2. Would you wear expensive clothes to show off your wealth to your classmates? If not, why?
·A Brief Introduction to the Poverty Proofing
Poverty Proofing the School Day is a project developed by Children North East. The project provides a toolkit to poverty proof the school day, to reduce stigma and remove barriers to learning and to assist schools in exploring the most effective way to spend pupil premium allocation. Poverty Proofing the School Day consists of an audit for each individual school, questioning pupils, staff, parents and governors. The result is an action plan tailored to each individual school to address any stigmatizing policies or practices.
 
II. While-reading  
Fast reading
Read the article and answer the following questions:
1. What’s the main idea of the passage? 
The passage discusses the news that some UK schools announced a ban on expensive designer coats to end the “poverty shaming” of less wealthy students. The passage also gives different opinions on the ban.
2. What is the aim of the ban on expensive designer coats?
The aim is to bring the “poverty shaming” of less wealthy students to an end.
3. How do students who can’t afford to buy expensive designer coats feel?
These students tend to feel bad about themselves, stigmatized, left out and inadequate. 
4. How do people who are against the ban argue?
They argue that we shouldn’t deprive the wealthy of their rights (剥夺) to buy in order to eradicate poverty shaming. Besides, they argue that it’s more important to teach students to be aware that clothing is not a measure of the value of a person. 
 
Task-based reading
Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discussion
In your opinion, which is most important, wearing expensive clothes, behaving well or having good qualities?
 
III. Understanding-sentences
Analyze the following sentences. Pay attention to the words in bold.
1. That tends to mean wearing the kind of expensive clothes that not many students can really afford.
that: 引导定语从句,指代先行词:expensive clothes
2. Rebekah Phillips, the school’s headteacher, believes that wearing these expensive coats at school makes students who can’t afford them feel bad about themselves. 
that: 引导宾语从句
who: 引导定语从句
3. She believes that it’s more important to teach students to realize that clothing is not a measure of the value of a person.  
it: 形式主语
to teach: 真正的主语
that: 宾语从句 
 
IV. Language points
Phrases
•意味着……mean doing
•赞同,称赞applaud
•欺负bully
•与……一致,符合in line with
•采取行动take action 
•公平的,平等的level 
•禁止……ban ... from ...  
 

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